Flashcards in LOWER LIMB ANATOMY Deck (95):

1

## Which spinal nerve(s) make up the lateral cutaneous nerve of the thigh?

### L2, L3

2

## Which spinal nerve(s) make up the femoral nerve?

### L2, L3, L4

3

## Which spinal nerve(s) make up the obturator nerve?

### L2, L3, L4

4

## Which spinal nerve(s) make up the superior gluteal nerve?

### L4, L5, S1

5

## Which spinal nerve(s) make up the sciatic nerve?

### L4, L5, S1, S2, S3

6

## Which spinal nerve(s) make up the inferior gluteal nerve?

### L5, S1, S2

7

## Which spinal nerve(s) make up the pudendal nerve?

### S2, S3, S4

8

## Which spinal nerve(s) make up the tibial nerve?

### L4, L5, S1, S2, S3

9

## Which spinal nerve(s) make up the common fibular nerve?

### L4, L5, S1, S2

10

## Which dermatome overlies the inguinal ligament?

### L1

11

## Which dermatome overlies the lateral side of the thigh?

### L2

12

## Which dermatome overlies the lower medial side of the thigh?

### L3

13

## Which dermatome overlies the medial side of the great toe?

### L4

14

## Which dermatome overlies the medial side of digit II?

### L5

15

## Which dermatome overlies the little toe?

### S1

16

## Which dermatome overlies the back of the thigh?

### S2

17

## Which dermatome overlies the gluteal fold?

### S3

18

## Which spinal nerve(s) are responsible for flexion of the hip?

### L1, L2

19

## Which spinal nerve(s) are responsible for extension of the knee?

### L3, L4

20

## Which spinal nerve(s) are responsible for flexion of the knee?

### L5, S1, S2

21

## Which spinal nerve(s) are responsible for plantar flexion of the foot?

### S1, S2

22

## Which spinal nerve(s) are responsible for adduction of the digits?

### S2, S3

23

## Where does the piriformis originate?

### Sacrum

24

## Where does the piriformis insert?

### Greater trochanter

25

## Where does the gluteus medius originate?

### Gluteal surface of ilium

26

## Where does the gluteus medius insert?

### Greater trochanter

27

## Where does the gluteus minimus originate?

### Gluteal surface of the ilium

28

## Where does the gluteus minimus insert?

### Greater trochanter

29

## Where does the tensor fasciae latae originate?

### Iliac crest

30

## Where does the tensor fasciae latae insert?

### Iliotibial tract

31

## Which nerve supplies the tensor fasciae latae, the gluteus medius and the gluteus minimum?

### Superior gluteal nerve (L4, L5, S1)

32

## Where does the gracilis originate?

### Ischiopubic ramus

33

## Where does the gracilis insert?

### Tibia (pes anserinus)

34

## Where does the adductor magnus originate?

### Pubis and tuberosity of the ischium

35

## Where does the adductor magnus insert?

### Femur

36

## Where does the adductor longus originate?

### Pubic body

37

## Where does the adductor longus insert?

### Middle third of linea aspera

38

## Where does the adductor brevis originate?

###
Inferior ramus

Body of pubis

39

## Where does the adductor brevis insert?

###
Lesser trochanter

Linea aspera

40

## Where does the obturator externus orginate?

### External surface of obturator membrane and adjacent bone

41

## Where does the obturator externus insert?

### Trochanteric fossa

42

## What nerve supplies the gracilis, adductor magnus, adductor longus, adductor brevis and obturator externus?

### Obturator nerve (L2, L3, L4)

43

## Where does the psoas muscle originate?

### Vertebral bodies T12-L5

44

## Where does the psoas muscle insert?

### Lesser trochanter of the femur

45

## Where does the iliacus originate?

### Iliac fossa and sacrum

46

## Where does the iliacus insert?

### Tendon of the psoas (so into the lesser trochanter of the femur

47

## Which nerve(s) supplies both the psoas and the iliacus?

### L2, L3

48

## Where does the rectus femoris originate?

### Anterior inferior iliac spine

49

## Where does the rectus femoris insert?

### Patella (and ligament of patella inserts into tibial tuberositiy

50

## Where does the vastus lateralis originate?

### Femur: intertrochanteric line, linea aspera and lateral supracondylar line

51

## Where does the vastus lateralis insert?

### Patella (and ligament of patella inserts into tibial tuberositiy

52

## Where does the vastus medialis originate?

### Femur: intertrochanteric line, linea aspera and medial supracondylar line

53

## Where does the vastus medialis insert?

### Patella (and ligament of patella inserts into tibial tuberositiy

54

## Where does the vastus intermedius originate?

### Anterior and lateral surfaces of the femur

55

## Where does the vastus intermedius insert?

### Patella (and ligament of patella inserts into tibial tuberositiy

56

## Which nerve supplies the rectus femurs, vastus medialis, vastus lateralis and vastus intermedius?

### Femoral nerve (L2, L3, L4)

57

## Where does the sartorius originate?

### Anterior superior iliac spine

58

## Where does the sartorius insert?

### Upper medial surface of the tibia

59

## Where does the biceps femoris originate?

###
Long head: ischial tuberosity

Short head: lower part of linea aspera

60

## Where does the biceps femoris insert?

### Head of the fibula

61

## Which nerve supplies the sartorius muscle?

### Femoral nerve (L2, L3, L4)

62

## Where does the semitendinosus originate?

### Ischial tuberosity

63

## Where does the semitendinosus insert?

### Medial surface of the tibia

64

## Where does the semimembranosus originate?

### Ischial tuberosity

65

## Where does the semimembranosus insert?

### Tibia, groove at the back of medial condyle

66

## Which nerve supplies the biceps femoris, semitendinosus and semimembranosus?

### Sciatic nerve (L4, L5, S1, S2, S3)

67

## Where does the popliteus originate?

### Lateral condyle of the femur, inside capsule

68

## Where does the popliteus insert?

### Popliteal line on posterior surface of the tibia

69

## Where does the gastrocnemius originate?

###
Lateral head: lateral epicondyle and lateral supracondylar line

Medial head: surface of femur above medial epicondyle

70

## Where does the gastrocnemius insert?

### Calcaneus

71

## Where does the soleus originate?

### Head and shaft of fibula and medial border of tibia

72

## Where does the soleus insert?

### Calcaneus

73

## Where does the plantaris originate?

### Lateral epicondyle of femur

74

## Where does the plantaris insert?

### Calcaneus

75

## Where does the tibialis posterior originate?

### Interosseus membrane, head and shaft of fibula and medial shaft of tibia

76

## Where does the tibialis posterior insert?

### Tuberosity of navicular, medial cuneiform, and 2nd, 3rd and 4th metatarsals

77

## Where does the flexor digitorum longus of the lower limb originate?

### Posterior surface of the tibia

78

## Where does the flexor digitorum longus of the lower limb insert?

### Distal phalanx of toes 2-5

79

## Where does the flexor hallucis longus originate?

### Posterior surface of fibula

80

## Where does the flexor hallucis longus insert?

### Distal phalanx of great toe

81

## Which nerve supplies the popliteus, gastrocnemius, soleus, plantaris, tibialis posterior, flexor digitorum longus and the flexor hallucis longus?

### Tibial nerve (L4, L5, S1, S2, S3)

82

## Where does the tibialis anterior originate?

### Lateral surface of tibia

83

## Where does the tibialis anterior insert?

### Medial cuneiform and first metatarsal

84

## Where does the extensor digitorum longus of the lower limb originate?

### Anterior surface of the fibula

85

## Where does the extensor digitorum longus of the lower limb insert?

### Middle and distal phalanges of toes 2-5

86

## Where does the extensor hallucis originate?

### Anterior surface of the fibula

87

## Where does the extensor hallucis insert?

### Terminal phalanx of great toe

88

## Where does the peroneus longus originate?

### Lateral aspect of fibula

89

## Where does the peroneus longus insert?

### Lateral aspect of medial cuneiform and base of first metatarsal

90

## Where does the peroneus brevis originate?

### Lateral aspect of fibula

91

## Where does the peroneus brevis insert?

### 5th metatarsal on the perineal tubercle

92

## Where does the peroneus tertius originate?

### Anterior surface of fibula

93

## Where does the peroneus tertius insert?

### 5th metatarsal

94

## Which nerve supplies the tibialis anterior, extensor digitorum longus, extensor hallucis and peroneus tertius?

### Deep peroneal nerve

95