ORTHOPEDICS AND TRAUMA Flashcards Preview

ORTHOPEDICS AND RHEUMATOLOGY > ORTHOPEDICS AND TRAUMA > Flashcards

Flashcards in ORTHOPEDICS AND TRAUMA Deck (23):
0

What is the epiphysis?

The joint side of the physis

1

What is the physis?

The growth plate in a child

2

What is the metaphysis?

The flare of the bone on the shaft side of the physis.

3

What is the diaphysis?

The shaft of the long bone. Pretty uniform diameter.

4

What is athroplasty?

Remodelling of a joint

5

What is an osteotomy?

Any cut in a bone

6

What is an osteosynthesis?

The fixing of a separated bone, eg after a fracture

7

What is an autograft?

Taking tissue from somewhere else in the patients body.

8

What is an allograft?

Tissue donated from another.

9

What is an exostectomy?

Removal of edge of bone. Shaving bone.

10

What is an osteophyte?

A lump of bone often surrounding an arthritic joint.

11

What is an arthodesis?

Fusion of a joint.

12

What is an arthrotomy?

Opening up a joint.

13

What is an arthroscopy?

Looking inside a joint.

14

What is a synovectomy?

Removal of the joint lining.

15

What is an interposition arthroplasty?

Moving a part of a joint such as a capsule lining onto the articular surface to treat arthritis.

16

What is a tenotomy?

Cutting into a tendon.

17

What is tenodesis?

Stabilising tendons together or a tendon to a bone.

18

What is a hemiarthroplasty?

When only side of the joint is replaced.

19

What is necrotising fasciitis?

Infection and death of the skin through to the fascia layer.

20

How is necrotising fasciitis treated?

Debridement and antibiotics.

21

Where do you insert a chest drain to treat a heamatoma?

5th intercostal space mid axillary line

22

What is the first basic sign to change with someone in shock?

Respiratory rate