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Veterinary Terminlogy > Lymphatic system > Flashcards

Flashcards in Lymphatic system Deck (25):
1

Lymph passes through lymph vessels and?

Lymph nodes before returning to the blood.

2

How is lymph formed?

Tissue fluid returns to the capillaries at their venous end, and the remainder diffuses through the more permeable walls of lymph capillaries.

3

What does the lymphatic system consists of?

Lymph
Lymph vessels
Lymph nodes
Lymph organs: spleen, thymus
Diffused lymphoid tissue: tonsils
Bone marrow

4

Functions of the lymphatic System

1) Tissue Drainage
2) Absorption in the small intestine
3) Immunity

5

T:F The lymphatic system prevents tissue edema.

True

6

What transports lipids absorbed form the small intestine into the lymphatic vessels and ultimately into the blood?

Lacteals

7

Where are the Lacteals located?

In the villi

8

What are the white blood cells which are involved in the the immune response of the animal?

Lymphocytes

9

What organs are concerned with the production and maturation of lymphocytes?

Lymphatic Organs

10

T:F Bone marrow is considered to be lymphatic tissue?

True
Since lymphocytes are produced there

11

What is lymph?

A clear watery fluid, similar in composition to plasma, with the exception of plasma proteins, and identical in composition to interstitial fluid.

12

Functions of lymph

Transport plasma proteins
Carries away large particles
Contains Lymphocytes

13

What is lymph called after lacteals absorb fat giving lymph a milky appearance?

Chyle

14

What are the small blind-ended terminal lymph vessels permeate almost every tissue of the body?

Lymph capillaries: initial lymphatics

15

What is the difference between blood capillaries and lymph capillaries?

They are much more permeable to all intestinal fluid

16

Where does the lymph capillaries empty into the venous system?

Near the point where the point where the blood enters the right atrium.

17

What kind of muscle do the larger lymph vessels have?

Smooth muscle and elastic tissue

18

What ensures that lymph flows only one way?

Cup-shaped valves called semilunar valves

19

T:F The Lymphatic system has a pump that is involved in the movement of lymph.

False
There is no pump like the heart, the muscle layers in the walls of the lymph vessels has an intrinsic ability to contract rhythmically

20

What are the lymph nodes?

Oval or bean shaped organs that lie, often in groups, along the length of lymph vessels

21

What is the concave surface of the lymph node that an artery and vein enters and the efferent lymph vessel leaves?

Hilum

22

Functions of the lymph nodes?

Filtering and phagocytosis
Proliferation of lymphocytes

23

Functions of the spleen

Phagocytosis
Storage of blood and platelets
Immune response

24

T:F The thymus gland increases function as the animal ages

False
It is found in young animals and decreases in size and function as animal ages

25

What are the main groups of Mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue?

Tonsils and Peyer's Patches