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Veterinary Terminlogy > Second Lecture > Flashcards

Flashcards in Second Lecture Deck (26):
1

Ventral

The belly or underside of a body.

2

Toward the head.

Cranial

3

Caudal

Closer to the tail than any other structure.

4

Toward the spine/back/top

Dorsal

5

Proximal

Closer to the point of attachment (origin) to the body than another structure

6

Farther from the point of attachment to the body than another structure

Distal

7

Dorsal Plane

Plane that divides the body into dorsal (back) and ventral (belly) parts

8

Plane that divides the into cranial and caudal parts

Transverse plane (also known as horizontal or cross sectional plane)

9

Sagittal plane

A vertical plane that divides the body into right and left sides.

10

Plane that passes through the midline of the body and divides it into equal right and left sides.

Midsagittal (median) plane

11

Parasagittal plane

If the sagittal plane does not pass through the midline, but instead divides the body into unequal right and left sides

12

Hollow space in the skull that contains the brain.

Cranial Cavity

13

Spinal Cavity

Hollow space with in the spinal column that contains the spinal cord.

14

Hollow space with in the ribs between the neck and diaphragm that contains the heart and lungs

Thoracic (chest) Cavity

15

Abdominal Cavity

Hollow space between the diaphragm and pelvic cavity that contains the major organs of digestion

16

Hollow space that contains the sigmoid colon, rectum, anus, urinary bladder, reproductive organs

Pelvic Cavity

17

Serous Membrane

A thin, slippery tissue that lines the walls of the body cavities and covers the organs within them. This is a double layered membrane.

18

What are the two layers of the Serous membrane

1) Visceral Serous Membrane
2) Parietal Serous Membrane

19

Which Serous Membrane is the inner membrane and comes in contact with the organs

Visceral Serous Membrane

20

The Parietal Serous Membrane is the ......

Outer membrane that lines the cavity.

21

The Pleural Membrane

Is the Thoracic Cavity's Serous membrane. There are two, one surrounding each lung.

22

The Thoracic cavity that is in the area between the lungs and houses the heart, great vessels, trachea, right and left bronchi, esophagus, lymph nodes, lymph vessels and nerves.

Mediastinum

23

Significant feature about the Pleural Cavities

Fluid filled that allows for cushion for animal to breath. Without it the Visceral Pleural would rub against the Parietal Pleural with every breath.

24

The Serous Membrane that lines the Abdominopelvic cavity and covers the organs with in it

Peritoneum

25

The Peritoneum Cavity's organs are suspended from the cavity walls by fused layers. Those tissue layer are

Mesenteries- They permit blood vessels and nerves to contact with the organs

26

What is unique about the kidneys and pancreas.

They do not have Mesenteries, but they are covered by Parietal Peritoneum and said to be Retroperitoneal (behind the peritoneum)