MAR 1 DRUGS Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in MAR 1 DRUGS Deck (88):
1

Tylenol - acetamenophine

Common side effects?

Any life threatening?

- n/v
- abdominal pain

LT
- hepatoxicity

2

Percoset - oxycodone/acetaminophen

Assess before giving...

- Pain level
- Check BP
- Check respirations
- Check LOC (Level of consciousness)

3

Generic Name: docusate sodium

Brand name?

Brand Name: Colace

4

Lotensin - benazepril

What is it usually used for?

For hypertension

5

Brand Name: Colace

Generic Name?

Generic Name: docusate sodium

6

Generic Name: miconazole

Brand name?

Brand Name: Monistat

7

Generic Name: biscodyl

Brand name?

Brand Name: Ducolax

8

Generic Name: diphenhydramine

Brand name?

Brand Name: Benadryl

9

Brand Name: Tylenol

Generic Name?

Generic Name: Acetaminophen

10

Tylenol - acetaminophen

Class?

Non-opioid analgesic, antipyretic

11

Brand Name: Benadryl

Generic Name?

Generic Name: diphenhydramine

12

Colace - docusate sodium

Class?

Stool Softener

13

Generic Name: oxycodone/acetaminophen

Brand name?

Brand Name: Percoset

14

Lotensin - benazepril

Class?

Antihypertensive, ACE Inhibitor

15

Benadryl - diphenhydramine

Class?

Antihistamine

16

Percoset - oxycodone/acetaminophen

Class?

Opioid analgesic

17

Ducolax - biscodyl

Class?

Laxative

18

Ducolax - biscodyl

What is it usually used for?

For constipation

19

Colace - docusate sodium

What is it usually used for?

For constipation

20

Percoset - oxycodone/acetaminophen

What is it usually used for?

For moderate to severe pain

22

Brand Name: Monistat

Generic Name?

Generic Name: miconazole

23

Benadryl - diphenhydramine

What is it usually used for?

For allergy relief or insomnia

24

Monistat - miconazole

Pertinent client teaching?

- Empty bladder before insertion
- Lay flat for 10-15 minutes after you get med
- Teach how to use applicator if it's going to be used at home

25

Percoset - oxycodone/acetaminophen

Common side effects?

Any life threatening?

- fatigue
- hypotension
- n/v
- urinary retention
- itchiness

LT
- respiratory depression

26

Generic Name: Benazepril

Brand name?

Brand Name: Lotensin

27

Brand Name: Percoset

Generic Name?

Generic Name: oxycodone/acetaminophen

28

Generic Name: acetaminophen

Brand name?

Brand Name: Tylenol

29

Monistat - miconazole

What is it usually used for?

Fungal/yeast infection

30

Ducolax - biscodyl

Common side effects?

Any life threatening?

- n/v
- abdominal cramping
- diarrhea

LT
- tetany

32

Monistat - miconazole

Common side effects?

Any life threatening?

- headache - vaginal itchiness and/or redness

32

Colace - docusate sodium

Common side effects?

Any life threatening?

- nausea - diarrhea - throat irritation

33

Percoset - oxycodone/acetaminophen

Why would you hold?

1. SBP

34

Monistat - miconazole

Class?

Antifungal

35

Lotensin - benazepril

Common side effects?

Any life threatening?

- hypotension
- dizziness
- syncope
- rash
- dry cough

LT
- anglodema
- Stevens Johnsons

36

Brand Name: Ducolax

Generic Name?

Generic Name: biscodyl

37

Ducolax - biscodyl

Assess before giving...

- When was their last bm?
- What is potential cause of their constipation?
- Assess bowel sounds and for abdominal distention

37

Colace - docusate sodium

Assess before giving...

- When was patients last bm?
- What is the potential cause of their constipation?

39

Tylenol - acetaminophen

Assess before giving...

- Pain level and/or temp
- Liver function tests
- Make sure patient has had >3.2g in last 24 hours

40

Benadryl - diphenhydramine

Common side effects?

Any life threatening?

- drowsiness
- dry mouth/ dry nose
- urinary retention

LT
- seizures

41

Benadryl - diphenhydramine

Assess before giving...

- Allergy symptoms
- LOC if giving for insomnia

42

Lotensin - benazepril

Assess before giving...

- Obtain baseline BP and heart rate

43

Tylenol - acetamenophine

What is it usually used for?

For mild aches and pains or fevers

45

Monistat - miconazole

Assess before giving...

- Vagina condition - Severity of infection

46

Ducolax - biscodyl

MOA?

Acts directly on intestine by increasing motor activity; thought to irritate colonic intramural plexus

47

Prilosec - omeprazole

Pertinent client teaching?

1. Take in the A.M. before breakfast 2. Swallow whole 3. Avoid ETOH (alcohol)

48

Colace - docusate sodium

MOA?

Increases h2o, fat penetration in intestine; allows for easier passage of stool

48

Tylenol - acetaminophen

MOA?

May block pain impulses peripherally that occur in response to prostaglandin synthesis; does not possess anti-inflammatory properties; antipyretic action results from inhibition of prostaglandins in the CNS (hypothalamic - heat regulation center)

50

Percoset - oxycodone/acetaminophen

MOA?

Inhibits ascending pain pathways in CNS, increases pain threshold, alters pain perception

51

Benadryl - diphenhydramine

MOA?

Acts on blood vessels, GI, respiratory system by competing with histamine 1 receptor sites decreases allergic response by blocking histamine

52

Brand Name: Prilosec

Generic Name?

Generic Name: omeprazole

53

Lotensin - benazepril

MOA?

Selectively suppresses renin-angiotensin aldosterone system; inhibits ACE enzyme, thus preventing conversion of angiotensin I to angiotensin II and preventing vasoconstriction

54

Monistat - miconazole

MOA?

Antifungal activity results from disruption of cell membrane permeability

55

Tylenol - acetaminophen

Pertinent client teaching?

- Do not take over recommended dosage

56

Colace - docusate sodium

Pertinent client teaching?

- This med takes about 3 days to start softening your stools
- Increase your fiber and fluid intake to help decrease constipation

57

Lotensin - benazepril

Pertinent client teaching?

Report nagging, dry cough or any shortness of breath swelling of airways; report any increased dizziness or increased syncope as this could indicate that BP is too low

58

Benadryl - diphenhydramine

Pertinent client teaching?

- Ensure safety measures are in place
- Do not drive or combine w/ ETHO
- Increase fluid intake to help w/ dry mouth

59

Percoset - oxycodone/acetaminophen

Pertinent client teaching?

- Ensure safety measures are in place
- Do not drive or combine with ETOH
- Increased fiber and fluid intake to help prevent constipation and urinary retention

60

Brand Name: Lotensin

Generic Name?

Generic Name: benazepril

61

Ducolax - biscodyl

Pertinent client teaching?

- Lay in Left Lateral Sims for 5-15 minutes after administration
- Patient will feel urge to defecate
- Increase fiber and fluid intake to prevent further complication

62

Ducolax - biscodyl

Why would you hold?

Diarrhea

63

Colace - docusate sodium

Why would you hold?

Diarrhea

64

Ducolax - biscodyl

Special things to know about this drug for clinical testing?

-Lay bed flat for procedure
-Patient will be put into left lateral sims
-A nice deep relaxing breath in
-Insert medication up against the rectal wall
-Don't forget the lube!

65

Tylenol - acetaminophen

Why would you hold?

- Signs of liver failure
- If patient has had >3.2g in last 24 hours

66

Benadryl- diphenhydramine

Why would you hold?

If patient is already too drowsy

67

Lotensin - benazepril

Why would you hold?

Hypotension (SBP

68

Monistat- miconazole

Why would you hold?

Hypersensitivity RXN, rare

68

Generic Name: omeprazole

Brand Name?

Brand Name: Prilosec

Generic Name?

69

Prilosec - omeprazole

Class?

Antiulcer; proton pump inhibitor

70

Prilosec - omeprazole

What is it usually used for?

For acid reflex, heartburn, GERD

71

Prilosec - omeprazole

Common side effects?

- Headache
- Dizziness
- Rash
- Cough

LT
- Stevens Johnsons Syndrome
- pancytopenia

72

Prilosec - omeprazole

Assess before giving...

- Bowel sounds
- If pt has heartburn symptoms or epigastric pain
- Any lab abnormalities

73

Prilosec - omeprazole

MOA?

Suppresses gastric secretion by inhibiting hydrogen/potassium ATPase enzyme system in gastric parietal cells; characterized as gastric acid pump inhibitor because it blocks the final step of acid production

75

Prilosec - omeprazole

Why would you hold?

If patient has any signs/symptoms of life threatening actions

76

Prilosec - omeprazole

Evaluate after med given...

Decrease in heartburn or epigastric pain

77

Monistat - miconazole

Evaluate after med given...

Improvement of patients symptoms of yeast infection (decrease in drainage, redness, odor, itchiness)

77

Tylenol - acetaminophen

Evaluate after med given...

Reassess pain and/or temp for improvement

78

Benadryl - diphenhydramine

Special things to know about this drug for clinical testing?

- Know how to calculate those dosages!!!
10ml (2 x 12.5 mg/ml)

79

Colace - docusate sodium

Evaluate after med given...

If the patient has had a BM or not

80

Lotensin - benazepril

Evaluate after med given...

Reassess the patients blood pressure and heart rate

81

Benadryl - diphenhydramine

Evaluate after med given...

For decrease in allergy symptoms or better sleep

82

Percoset- oxycodone/acetaminophen

Evaluate after med given...

Reassess pain and vital signs

83

Ducolax - biscodyl

Evaluate after med given...

- For a BM
- Increase in bowel motility

84

Colace - docusate sodium

Special things to know about this drug for clinical testing?

Make sure they haven't pooped recently

84

Tylenol - acetaminophen

Special things to know about this drug for clinical testing?

Hmmmm

85

Percoset - oxycodone/acetaminophen

Special things to know about this drug for clinical testing?

Don't forget to record amount of drug left during collection stage.

86

Monistat - miconazole

Special things to know about this drug for clinical testing?

- Given vaginally
- Position patient in dorsal recombinant for administration
- Spread labia w/ non dominant hand, insert med w/ dominant hand (2 inches in)
- Remove those gloves right after procedure

86

Lotensin- benazepril

Special things to know about this drug for clinical testing?

Hmmmmmm

87

Prilosec - omeprazole

Special things to know about this drug for clinical testing?

Hmmmm