Med Surg: Oncologic Surgery Flashcards Preview

Med Surg Test 2: Oncology > Med Surg: Oncologic Surgery > Flashcards

Flashcards in Med Surg: Oncologic Surgery Deck (7)
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1

How do you diagnose Cancer for surgery?

Biopsy: sampling of tissue to determine histology and grade of the tumor

Fine-needle aspiration-aspirate cells from a tumor using a needle and syringe

Core-needle biopsy-use a large bore needle into retrieve a small piece of intact tumor tissue

Open biopsy-may remove part or all of the tumor

2

What is the primary treatment of surgery?

Removal of tumor and a margin of adjacent tissue

Local-simple excision of a tumor and a small margin of normal tissue

Wide-includes removal of the promary tumor, regional lymph nodes and neighboring structures

3

What is adjuvant treatment?

removal of tissues to increase chances that other therapies can be successful

Debulking-removal of the bulk of a tumor

 

4

What is pallative treatment?

attempts to relieve the complications of cancer, improve quality of life

feeding tube, port, ways to elimiate and get nutrition needs

5

What is reconstructive treatment?

repair of defects from previous radical surgical resecion

breast restruction

6

What is preventive treatment?

removal of lesions that if left in the body are at risk of developing into cancer

polyps 

masectomy

 

7

What are the side effects of surgery?

Loss of function of a body part

reduced function as a result of organ loss

scarring or disfigurement

grieving about altered body image or imposed change in lifestyle (loss limb, feel cant go in pubic)