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Flashcards in Medical Terminology Deck (10):
1

What does the word Diagnosis mean

The art of distinguishing one disease/ disorder from an other

2

What does differential diagnosis mean

Arriving at a correct decision between diseases/ disorders presenting a similar clinical picture

3

What are the diagnostic strategies

1. Pattern recognition
2. The hypothetico-deductive strategy
3. Algorithmic
4. Probability reasoning
5. Illness scripts
6. The strategy of exhaustion

4

What is the pattern recognition

The instant recognition of a disease

5

What is the hypothetico-deductive strategy

1. Proposing a differential diagnosis
2. Asking a question
3. Using the answer to refine the differential diagnosis
4. Asking another question
5. Again refining the differential
6. And on and on until the working diagnosis is obtained

6

What is the algorithmic strategy

Flow charts to work out what the problem is

7

What is probability reasoning?

Use tests day to day to decide whether a patient has a disease or not

8

What are illness scripts based on?

1. Mechanisms - how why did it happen
2. Epidemiology - who gets the disease
3. Time course - how does the patient present with respect to time
4. Clinical presentation - classic times or symptoms

9

What is the strategy of exhaustion?

Diagnosis of exclusion

10

How do we gather data? What are the steps?

History
Examination
Special tests
Investigation
Diagnosis