The Diagnosis Process Flashcards Preview

004 > The Diagnosis Process > Flashcards

Flashcards in The Diagnosis Process Deck (12):
1

What is diagnosis (Dx)

The art of distinguishing one disease / disorder form an other

2

What is differential diagnosis (DDx)

Arriving at a correct decision between diseases / disorders presenting a similar clinical picture

3

What does the diagnosis process involve

Full clinical history taking
Physical examination
Special testing
DDx
Further investigations
Dx

4

How do you identify and categorise clues

Recognise important clues
Separate relevant and irrelevant info
Identify abnormal findings from normal findings

5

How do you form and initial problem list

Isolated symptoms
Associated symptoms
Physical exam findings
Positive special tests
Differential diagnosis
Lab / imaging findings
Diagnoses

6

What are the 4 approaches to organising and prioritising

1. Possibilistic approach
2. Probabilistic approach
3. Prognostic approach
4. Pragmatic approach

7

What is the possibilistic approach

Consider all known causes equally likely and test for all of them
Generally not useful as there are too many possibilities

8

What is the probabilistic approach

Consider those disorders that are most likely
Pre-test probability is the probability that a disease is present before further testing is done

9

What is the prognostic approach

Considerate moots serious diagnosis first

10

What is the pragmatic approach

Consider the diagnosis most responsive to treatment first

11

What are signs

What we see or ding during physical examination

12

What are symptoms

What the patient reports / presents with