Medical Terminology: Cardiovascular Treatments Flashcards Preview

NUTR 450 Medical Nutrition Therapy I > Medical Terminology: Cardiovascular Treatments > Flashcards

Flashcards in Medical Terminology: Cardiovascular Treatments Deck (22):
1

aneurysmectomy

surgical removal of an aneurysm

2

angiography

x-ray study of blood vessels

3

angioplasty

surgical or percutaneous reconstruction of blood vessels

4

anti-coagulant

any substance that removes or prevents blood clotting

5

cardiac catheterization

a long, fine catheter is navigated through a peripheral blood vessel into the chambers of the heart using x-ray visualization as a guide

6

Cardiac output

volume of blood, measured in liters that the heart pumps per minute`

7

cardiotomy

surgical incision or opening of the heart for repair

8

cardioversion

(defibrillation) brief changes of electricity applied to the chest to stop cardiac arrhythmia

9

collateral circulation

circulation by secondary channels after obstruction of the principal channel supplying the heart

10

coronary artery bypass graft

use of a vein or synthetic material to substitute for an occluded artery in the heart

11

diuretic

an agent that promotes the removal of excess interstitial fluid and results in increased urine secretion

12

echocardiogram

graphic recording of reflected ultrasound waves from the heart

13

electrocardiogram

graphic recording of reflected ultrasound waves from the heart

14

endarterectomy

removal of the interior portion of an artery occluding fatty deposit

15

extra-corporeal circulation

circulation of blood outside of the body for purposes of removing or exchanging substances

16

percutaneous coronary intervention

dilation of a blood vessel by means of a balloon catheter inserted through the skin and into the lumen of the vessel to the site of the lesion, where the balloon is inflated to flatten plaque against the artery wall

17

stent

device placed in an artery after angioplasty surgery to keep from narrowing again

18

stroke volume

volume of blood pumped per contraction

19

thallium stress test

use of a radioactive tracer given during exercise to detect decreased blood flow to a portion of the heart muscle

20

thrombectomy

surgical removal of a clot from a blood vessel

21

vasodilator

an agent that dilates blood vessels

22

vasopressor

an agent that constricts blood vessels.

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