MEDICATION AFFECTING PREHOSPITAL PATIENT CARE Flashcards Preview

EMT-P (PAR 212-PHARMACOLOGY) > MEDICATION AFFECTING PREHOSPITAL PATIENT CARE > Flashcards

Flashcards in MEDICATION AFFECTING PREHOSPITAL PATIENT CARE Deck (20):
1

Medication Class:
Alkalizing agents

Name:
i.Indications?
ii.System Affected?
iii.Examples?

i. increase serum or urine pH
ii. Renal
iii. Sodium bicarbonate

2

Medication Class:
Antacids

Name:
i.Indications?
ii.System Affected?
iii.Examples?

i. neutralize excess acids preset in the stomach
ii. GI
iii. Sucralfate (Carafate), aluminum salts, calcium carbonate

3

Medication Class:
Anthelmintics

Name:
i.Indications?
ii.System Affected?
iii.Examples?

i. treat intestinal parasites
ii. GI
iii. Mebendazole (Vermox)

4

Medication Class:
Antibiotics

Name:
i.Indications?
ii.System Affected?
iii.Examples?

i. treat bacterial infection
ii. varied
iii. Penicillin, ciprofloxacin (Cipro)

5

Medication Class:
Anticoagulants

Name:
i.Indications?
ii.System Affected?
iii.Examples?

i. reduce efficacy of clotting factors present in the blood
ii. hematologic
iii. Heparin, warfarin (Coumadin)

6

Medication Class:
Antidiarrheals

Name:
i.Indications?
ii.System Affected?
iii.Examples?

i. decrease gastrointestinal motility, alter GI secretion activity
ii. GI
iii. Loperamide (Imodium), diphenoxylate-atropine, combination (Lomotil)

7

Medication Class:
Antidysrhythmics

Name:
i.Indications?
ii.System Affected?
iii.Examples?

i. prevent or control various cardiac dysrhythmias
ii. cardiovascular
iii. Lidocaine, amiodarone (Cordarone)

8

Medication Class:
Antiemetics

Name:
i.Indications?
ii.System Affected?
iii.Examples?

i. treat or prevent nausea and vomiting
ii. GI, CNS
iii. Promethazine (Phenergan), ondansetron (Zofran)

9

Medication Class:
Antiflatulents

Name:
i.Indications?
ii.System Affected?
iii.Examples?

i. prevent or treat excess intestinal gas
ii. GI
iii. Simethicone, lactase

10

Medication Class:
Antifungals

Name:
i.Indications?
ii.System Affected?
iii.Examples?

i. treat fungal infections
ii. varied
iii. Fluconazole (Diflucan), ketoconazole (Nizoral)

11

Medication Class:
Antiglaucoma agents

Name:
i.Indications?
ii.System Affected?
iii.Examples?

i. treat glaucoma
ii. varied
iii. Brinzolamide (Adopt),
bimatoprost (Lumigan)

12

Medication Class:
Antihistmaines

Name:
i.Indications?
ii.System Affected?
iii.Examples?

i. block histamine receptors, dry mucous membranes, inhibit immune response in allergic reactions
ii. varied
iii. Diphenhydramine (Benadryl), Loratadine (Claritin)

13

Medication Class:
Antihyperlipidemics

Name:
i.Indications?
ii.System Affected?
iii.Examples?

i. decrease blood cholesterol, sequester cholesterol chemicals in bile
ii. hematologic, cardiovascular
iii. Cholestyramine (Question), colesnvelam (Welchol)

14

Medication Class:
Antiparasitic

Name:
i.Indications?
ii.System Affected?
iii.Examples?

i. treat parasitic infections
ii. varied
iii. Nitazoxanide (Alinia)

15

Medication Class:
Antipsychotics

Name:
i.Indications?
ii.System Affected?
iii.Examples?

i. treat psychoses, including schizophrenia
ii. sympathetic nervous system
iii. Haloperidol (Haldol), olanzapine (Zyprexa)

16

Medication Class:
Antivirals

Name:
i.Indications?
ii.System Affected?
iii.Examples?

i. treat viral infections
ii. varied
iii. Acyclovir (Zovirax), famciclovir (Famvir)

17

Medication Class:
Barbiturates

Name:
i.Indications?
ii.System Affected?
iii.Examples?

i. reduce or prevent seizures, provide sedation
ii. CNS
iii. Phenobarbital

18

Medication Class:
Benzodiazepines

Name:
i.Indications?
ii.System Affected?
iii.Examples?

i. treat anxiety and seizures, provide sedation
ii. CNS
iii. Lorazepam (Ativan), diazepam (Valium), oxazepam (Serax)

19

Medication Class:
Beta-agonists

Name:
i.Indications?
ii.System Affected?
iii.Examples?

i. Bronchodilation
ii. respiratory
iii. Albuterol; levalbuterol (Xopenex)

20

Medication Class:
Beta-blocking agents

Name:
i.Indications?
ii.System Affected?
iii.Examples?

i. reduce heart rate and blood pressure
ii. cardiovascular
iii. Metoprolol (Lopressor), atenolol (Tenormin)