Medications for Exam Flashcards Preview

Fall2014 - Pharm ID/Pulm > Medications for Exam > Flashcards

Flashcards in Medications for Exam Deck (68):
1

Penicillin VK Trade Name

Pen VK

2

Penicillin VK Drug Class

Natural Penicillin

3

Penicillin VK Use

Strep pharyngitis

4

Penicillin VK CIs

hypersensitivity to PCN

5

Penicillin VK AEs

-diarrhea
-allergic rxn (rash, anaphylaxis)
-neutropenia, thrombocytopenia
-seizures w/ high doses

6

Ceftriaxone Trade Name

Rocephin

7

Ceftriaxone Drug Class

3rd gen cephalosporin

8

Ceftriaxone Use

N. gonorrhoeae cervicitis

9

Ceftriaxone Usual Adult Dose

1-2 g IV 24 hr
-for N. cervicitis: 250 mg IM plus azithro or doxy

10

Ceftriaxone CIs

-hypersensitivity to any cephalosporin or type I PCN allergy
-do not use in neonates w/ increased bilirubin 2ary to kernicterus risk

11

Ceftriaxone AEs

-diarrhea
-neutropenia, thrombocytopenia
-platelet dysfunction

12

Azithromycin Trade Name

Zithromax (Z-PAK)

13

Azithromycin Drug Class

Macrolide

14

Azithromycin Use

CAP

15

Azithromycin Usual Adult Dose

500 mg PO x1
then 250 mg qday x4 days

16

Azithromycin CIs

-macrolide hypersensitivity

17

Azithromycin AEs

-GI most common: N/V/D, abdominal pain

18

Levofloxacin Trade Name

Levaquin

19

Levofloxacin Drug Class

3rd gen fluoroquinolone

20

Levofloxacin Use

CAP

21

Levofloxacin CIs

-hypersensitivity to quinolones
-limit use in <18 y.o. and pregnancy (bone, joint, cartilage erosion)

22

Levofloxacin AEs

-GI 2-10% (N/D)
-CNS 1-7% (dizzy, HA, insomnia)
-limit use in <18 y.o. and pregnancy (bone, joint, cartilage erosion)

23

Trimethoprim Sulfamethoxazole (TMP/SMX) Trade Name

Bactrim, Septra (DS = double strength)

24

Trimethoprim Sulfamethoxazole (TMP/SMX) Drug Class

SMX = sulfonamide

25

Trimethoprim Sulfamethoxazole (TMP/SMX) Use

UTI

26

Trimethoprim Sulfamethoxazole (TMP/SMX) CIs

-hypersensitivity to sulfa drugs or TMP
-folate deficiency anemia
-hepatic/renal dysfunction
-pregnancy or lactation
-increases warfarin concentration

27

Trimethoprim Sulfamethoxazole (TMP/SMX) AEs

-15% sulfa allergy
-GI upset (N/V)
-rash
-photosensitivity
-hyperkalemia
-rare: Stevens Johnson Syndrome, renal toxicity

28

Doxycycline Trade Name

Vibramycin

29

Doxycycline Drug Class

Tetracycline

30

Doxycycline Use

C. trachomatis cervicitis

31

Doxycycline Usual Adult Dose

100 mg BID x7-10 days

32

Doxycycline CIs

-hypersensitivity to TCNs
-kids < 8 y.o.
-pregnancy, lactation

33

Doxycycline AEs

-teeth and bones (discoloration in kids < 8)
-GI upset
-photosensitivity

34

Metronidazole Trade Name

Flagyl

35

Metronidazole Drug Class

Anti-anaerobe

36

Metronidazole Use

C. difficile colitis

37

Metronidazole Usual Adult Dose

500 mg TID x10-14 days

38

Metronidazole CIs

-hypersensitivity to metronidazole
-increases warfarin concentration

39

Metronidazole AEs

-neuro: seizures at high doses, peripheral neuropathy
-GI upset
-metallic taste
-darkened urine

40

Albuterol Inhaler Trade Name

Proventil or Ventolin

41

Albuterol Inhaler Drug Class

Beta 2 agonist

(aka sympathomimetic bronchodilator)

42

Albuterol Inhaler Use

COPD, asthma

43

Albuterol Inhaler Usual Adult Dose

2 puffs q4-6 hr PRN

44

Albuterol Inhaler CIs

hypersensitivity to albuterol

45

Albuterol Inhaler AEs

-tachycardia
-tremor
-hypokalemia

46

Salmeterol Inhaler Trade Name

Serovent Diskus

47

Salmeterol Inhaler Drug Class

Beta 2 agonist

(aka sympathomimetic bronchodilator)

48

Salmeterol Inhaler Use

COPD, asthma

49

Salmeterol Inhaler CIs

-hypersensitivity to salmeterol
-should only be used as additional therapy for pts needing more control of asthma (associated w/ increased risk of asthma death when used alone)

50

Salmeterol Inhaler AEs

-tachycardia
-tremor
-hypokalemia

51

Tiotropium Inhaler Trade Name

Spiriva

52

Tiotropium Inhaler Drug Class

Anticholinergic bronchodilator

53

Tiotropium Inhaler Use

COPD, asthma

54

Tiotropium Inhaler Usual Adult Dose

18 mcg inhaled via DPI qday

55

Tiotropium Inhaler CIs

-hypersensitivity to ipratropium or tiotropium

56

Tiotropium Inhaler AEs

-dry mouth
-metallic taste
-risk of systemic anticholinergic effects (blurred vision, constipation, urinary retention)

57

Fluticasone Inhaler Trade Name

Flovent, Flonase

58

Fluticasone Inhaler Drug Class

Corticosteroid

59

Fluticasone Inhaler Use

COPD, asthma

60

Fluticasone Inhaler Usual Adult Dose

88-440 mcg BID

61

Fluticasone Inhaler CIs

-hypersensitivity to fluticasone
-do not use alone as primary asthma tx

62

Fluticasone Inhaler AEs

-oropharyngeal candidiasis
-hoarse voice

63

Prednisone Trade Name

Deltasone

64

Prednisone Drug Class

Corticosteroid

65

Prednisone Use

COPD, Asthma

66

Prednisone Usual Adult Dose

?

67

Prednisone CIs

-hypersensitivity to prednisone
-systemic fungal infection, peptic ulcers, osteoporosis, psychoses, infections, DM, HTN

68

Prednisone AEs

LOTS: fluid retention, muscle weakness, osteoporosis, urticaria/hypersensitivity reactions