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Flashcards in Medieval History Deck (31):
1

What are peasants also known as?

Villeins

2

How did the Black Death spread?

Bubonic - fleas
Pneumonic - coughing

3

Why was Aquitaine confiscated from Edward III?

Edward harboured Robert of Artois from Phillip of France, so Phillip confiscated Aquitaine. Edward III was a vassel, not a king there

4

The church was...

An instrument of the state, used to scare people into being good otherwise they'd go to hell e.g. Doom paintings

5

3 quarters of women married before what age?
a) 24
b) 19
c) 16
d) 21

b) 19

6

What was the significance of overseas possessions of English Kings relating to the 100 years war?

The significance of English possessions starting the 100 years war with France was that France were restricted because England owned most of it. France wanted independence.

7

What was the relationship between France and Scotland and why? (Year?)

The Auld Alliance, 1295. They both were protecting each other from England invading, as two forces North and South was a big threat to England

8

Fill the blanks:
The significance of Isabella of ______ in starting the 100 years war was that through her, her son - ______ III - had a claim to the ______ throne too, because his mother was a ________ in ______. Also, she established a strong _______ with her husband King ______ II, capable enough to take part in ________ ____.

France
Edward III
French
Princess
France
England
Edward II
Overseas wars

9

What did Edward III want?

He wanted Scotland, but knew he would have to get France first because they protected each other

10

Why did Edward III like the wool trade, and dislike Phillip for getting rid of it?

Because he earned taxes from the wool trade

11

List the allies of
a) Edward III of England
b) Phillip VI of France

a) Louis IV of the Holy Roman Empire - because he was offered money from England and the Pope sided with France.
Flanders - He too was interested in the wool trade despite supposed to be loyal to Phillip
b) David II of Scotland - got support from France when England declared someone else king of Scotland in 1332, Louis made king in 1329

12

What tactic is...
a) Open battle
b) Siege
c) Attrition
d) Chevauchee

a) Traditional battle. + Quick & scares enemy - costs a lot
b) Force a surrender by cutting off supplies into town + scares soldiers & civilians - costs, ages
c) Gradually wearing enemy with short battles + reinforcements - ages
d) Attack in enemy territory & run. + not many, quick, scary to the enemy

13

What was the first battle in the 100 years war?

Battle of Sluys - sea battle in 1340. England won.

14

Who was the Black Prince?

Son of the king, leader of the chevauchee tactic in the battle of Crecy, which he won

15

When did Phillip VI die and who took his place?

1350, his successor being King John II. he was captured later on

16

Which are the correct policies from the Treaty of Bretigny, 1360?
1) King John gave up any claims on Aquitaine
2) Edward was paid a ransom of 3 million gold crowns to set King John free
3) The Auld alliance was forcibly abandoned
4) Even though he won, Edward III gave up his claim upon the French throne
5) The Auld Alliance must be disbanded
6) Edward III got into Ponthiem - Calais and an Enlarged Aquitaine as a king, not a vassal

1) King John gave up any claims on Aquitaine
2) Edward was paid a ransom of 3 million gold crowns to set King John free
4) Even though he won, Edward III gave up his claim upon the French throne
6) Edward III got into Ponthiem - Calais and an Enlarged Aquitaine as a king, not a vassal

17

How much did the population decrease due to the Black Death in 1349?

Over half (4.8 million to 2.5 million)

18

What did the Statute of Labourers Act in 1351 state? Why was it bad?

This made it illegal for employees to pay wages above the level payed in 1346. This was a problem because the Black Death wiped out many, so families needed more money to survive

19

When was there a poll tax made? Who made sure these were collected?

1381. The king's commissioners went

20

The priest John Ball was arrested because he said peasants should kill their lords. True or false?

False. He said the peasants were just as good as lords

21

Who led the peasants revolt? When?

Wat Tyler, in 1381

22

What is serfdom?

Serfdom is the position in the feudal system were they are a labourer

23

Where and when was the Wat Tyler meeting King Richard II?

Smithfield, June 14th 1381

24

Who manipulated King Richard II?

The archbishops

25

Did the Peasants Revolt achieve anything?

Yes. The poll tax was abolished. However, Wat Tyler and many others involved in the Peasants revolt were killed.

26

When was King John captured?

1356, at the Battle of Poitiers

27

What was The Black Prince actually called?

Edward (I know right...)

28

The Black Prince became the Prince of ... when he was...

Wales, age 16 (General in Battle of Crecy that year)

29

When did The Black Prince and Edward III die?

1976 and 1977 respectively

30

What happened at the battle of Neville's Cross?

King David of Scotland was captured

31

The years and a bit about the Battle of:
a) Sluys
b) Crecy
c) Poitiers
d) Calais

a) 1340. A sea battle. England won.
b) 1346. Chevauchee led by The Black Prince. England won
c) 1356. Led by Edward III, King John was captured. England Won
d) September 1346 - August 1347. England won and gained a good strategic point in France