Memory Keywords Flashcards Preview

AQA A Level Psychology > Memory Keywords > Flashcards

Flashcards in Memory Keywords Deck (25)
Loading flashcards...
1

Coding

format in which information is stored in the memory stores

2

Capacity

amount of information that can be held in a memory store

3

Duration

length of time information can be held in memory

4

Short term memory

- limited capacity (7+/-2)
- coding is acoustic
- duration is between 18-30 secs

5

Long term memory

- permanent store
- coding is semantic
- duration potentially a lifetime

6

Procedural memory

LTM - knowledge of how to do things, memory of learned skills (recall without conscious effort)

7

Semantic memory

LTM - knowledge of the world, facts of the world (recalled deliberately)

8

Episodic memory

LTM - memory of events occurred and of people, places and behaviours (recall needs conscious effort)

9

Elaborative rehearsal

MSM - needed for long term storage, when linking info to existing knowledge

10

Maintenance rehearsal

MSM - when we repeat material over to ourselves, sufficient amount of rehearsal leads to memory passed onto LTM

11

Working memory model

STM has different sub-units coordinated by central decision making system

12

Central executive

coordinates activities of slave systems, allocates job roles to sub-systems

13

Phonological loop

processes auditory information (phonological store/articulatory process)

14

Visuo-spatial sketchpad

processes visual information in a mental space (inner eye) - visual cashe/inner scribe

15

Episodic buffer

brings together material from other sub-systems into a single memory rather than separately - bridge between working memory and LTM

16

Eyewitness testimony

ability to remember details of events such as crime which have been observed - accuracy of EWT can be affected by misleading info, leading questions and anxiety

17

Encoding specificity principle (Tulving)

cues need to be present at encoding and retrieval, if cues are different this leads to forgetting

18

Cue

trigger of information which allows access to a memory

19

Retrieval failure

occurs when necessary cues are absent, memory is available but not accessible unless suitable cue is provided

20

Retroactive interference

forgetting occurs when newer memories disrupt recall of older memories

21

Misleading information

incorrect info given to the eyewitness usually in post event discussion

22

Multi-store model

- sensory register
- STM
- LTM

23

Sensory register

- coding is iconic
- capacity is huge
- duration <30secs

24

Interference

forgetting because one memory blocks another, causing memories to be distorted or forgotten

25

Proactive interference

when older memories disrupt recall of newer memories