Flashcards in Menstrual Cycle Deck (55)
The female reproductive cycle includes the events that occur over an average ___-day time period as a result of the _________ & ________ cycles
Ovarian & Uterine
The uterine cycle (menstrual cycle) involves changes that are occurring in the:
Known as "menses" (menstrual bleeding)
First day of bleeding is
Day 1 of menstrual cycle
________ is associated with blood flow that results from the rupture of the endometrial capillaries and sloughing of the tissue.
"Proliferative" phase - period of rapid growth of endometrium in preparation for implantation of embryo
"Secretory" phase - endometrial glands enlarge and increase secretion, arteries grow into endometrium
Begins at ovulation
If there is implantation of a fertilized ovum, what will develop?
If there is no implantation by day 28, what begins?
The breakdown of the endometrium
Ovarian cycle consists of what 2 phases?
Follicular & Luteal
Follicular and luteal phase involves changes that occur in the _____ over the 28-day reproductive cycle
The follicular or preovulatory phase extends from ________ to _________.
Menstruation (day 1)
Ovulation (day 14)
Follicular phase includes the development of the ______ and _______ and corresponds to menses/proliferative phase of uterine cycle.
Ovum & follicle
Events that occur during follicular phase: (3)
Activation of primordial or primary follicles then to a mature (graafian) follicle
Follicular cells enlarge and create granulosa cells around primary oocyte
Eggs develop within follicles from primary oocytes to secondary oocytes, which are ovulated
Which oocytes are ovulated: primary or secondary?
What are granulosa cells?
Cell layers around primary oocyte
Secrete fluid and estradiol
When do you get all of your egg cells?
Ovulation occurs on day:
After ovulation, the ovum is viable for:
The luteal or postovulatory phase extends from days 15-28, just after __________ to the onset of _________
The luteal phase corresponds to the _________ phase of the uterine cycle
Luteal phase involves the transformation of the ruptured:
Events during luteal phase (3):
After releasing ovum, follicle becomes corpus luteum (yellow body)
Corpus luteum grows and secretes estradiol and progesterone (tenfold increase)
If no prego, corpus luteum shrinks (day 22) and becomes scar tissue of corpus albicans (white body) by day 26
2 & 3
Developing oocytes and follicles
Developing vesicular follicle
Collectively the "follicular phase"
Mature corpus luteum
Fallopian tube - longitudinal section