Mental Health-Peds Flashcards Preview

7/13/15 NBCOT Exam > Mental Health-Peds > Flashcards

Flashcards in Mental Health-Peds Deck (9):

Psychoeducation - Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Strategies

Educate the child/family about the disorder


Affective education - Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Strategies

teach skills to identify and recognize emotions and influences on emotions


Cognitive restructuring - Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Strategies

teach skills to recognize faulty or anxious thinking


Relaxation training - Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Strategies

teach progressive muscle relaxation techniques, deep breathing and guided imagery


Exposure to fears and contingency management

provide exposure involving gradual intro of feared events and rewards for brave behaviors


Autism Spectrum Disorder

Abnormalities in cerebellum, defects in brain

Impact on function
-communication, social skills, performance in activities
-difficulties in ADL, IADL, play, study/work
-Failure to develop speech/use speech functionally
-Social interactions
-Selective attention, routinized/unproductive behaviors

-behavior modifications

-Treatment in small steps
-Behavioral/sensory integration
-Interventions: self-cares, communication, emphasizing motivation/attention to tasks, visual outlines.
-Inclusion in class improves behavioral symptoms
-augmentative communication device


Asperger Syndrome

Impairment in social interaction w/at least two of the following:
-impairment in facial expression, body postures/gestures
-failure to develop peer relationships
-lack of social/emotional reciprocity

Restricted repetitive patterns of behavior/interests/activities
-adherence to specific routines/rituals
-repetitive motor mannerisms
-preoccupation w/parts of objects

-No general delay in language
-No delay in cognitive development

-hypersensitivity to stimulation
-difficulty standing in line, inability to tolerate crowds
-hypersensitivity to noise
-anxious, poorly coordinated, eccentric
-problems with hearing, vision, movement, touch

-Sensory integration treatment: lessen anxiety, improve motor coordination, social participation

*inability to pick up on social context cues

-social skills training
-reducing distractions in the environment
-planned breaks for moving around



inability to feel pleasure


Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD)

pattern of negative, hostile, defiant behavior.

-same behavior program at home/school
-positive reinforcement (stickers/tokens)

-Clear/simple instructions or requests
-positive behaviors in brief/intensive practice sessions
-videotape modeling/role-plays
-child initiates/directs activities

*May not be able to articulate an accurate picture of their behavior