Mental Health-Peds Flashcards Preview

7/13/15 NBCOT Exam > Mental Health-Peds > Flashcards

Flashcards in Mental Health-Peds Deck (9):
1

Psychoeducation - Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Strategies

Educate the child/family about the disorder

2

Affective education - Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Strategies

teach skills to identify and recognize emotions and influences on emotions

3

Cognitive restructuring - Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Strategies

teach skills to recognize faulty or anxious thinking

4

Relaxation training - Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Strategies

teach progressive muscle relaxation techniques, deep breathing and guided imagery

5

Exposure to fears and contingency management

provide exposure involving gradual intro of feared events and rewards for brave behaviors

6

Autism Spectrum Disorder

Abnormalities in cerebellum, defects in brain

Impact on function
-communication, social skills, performance in activities
-difficulties in ADL, IADL, play, study/work
-Failure to develop speech/use speech functionally
-Social interactions
-Selective attention, routinized/unproductive behaviors

Treatment
-behavior modifications

OT
-Treatment in small steps
-Behavioral/sensory integration
-Interventions: self-cares, communication, emphasizing motivation/attention to tasks, visual outlines.
-Inclusion in class improves behavioral symptoms
-augmentative communication device

7

Asperger Syndrome

Impairment in social interaction w/at least two of the following:
-impairment in facial expression, body postures/gestures
-failure to develop peer relationships
-lack of social/emotional reciprocity

Restricted repetitive patterns of behavior/interests/activities
-adherence to specific routines/rituals
-repetitive motor mannerisms
-preoccupation w/parts of objects

-No general delay in language
-No delay in cognitive development

-hypersensitivity to stimulation
-difficulty standing in line, inability to tolerate crowds
-hypersensitivity to noise
-anxious, poorly coordinated, eccentric
-problems with hearing, vision, movement, touch

-Sensory integration treatment: lessen anxiety, improve motor coordination, social participation

*inability to pick up on social context cues

Interventions
-social skills training
-reducing distractions in the environment
-planned breaks for moving around

8

Anhedonia

inability to feel pleasure

9

Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD)

pattern of negative, hostile, defiant behavior.

Treatment
-expectations/consequences
-same behavior program at home/school
-positive reinforcement (stickers/tokens)

-Clear/simple instructions or requests
-Time-ins
-Time-outs
-positive behaviors in brief/intensive practice sessions
-videotape modeling/role-plays
-child initiates/directs activities

*May not be able to articulate an accurate picture of their behavior