Mental Retardation and Down Syndrome Flashcards Preview

731: Pediatrics > Mental Retardation and Down Syndrome > Flashcards

Flashcards in Mental Retardation and Down Syndrome Deck (12)
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1

The most current approach to programming in the field of mental retardation is a functional, _____ model

integrated

2

What can be defined as disability characterized by significant limitations in both intellectual functioning and adaptive behavior expressed in conceptual, social, and practical adaptive skills?

mental retardation

3

What are the 3 criteria for defining mental retardation?

- IQ falls 2 SD below norm
- deficits in adaptive function
- occurs under the age of 18

4

The cause of mental retardation is unknown in __% of cases

80%

5

Mental retardation is _ times more prevalent among men than women.

4

6

__% of all people with mental retardation have a mild form, __% a moderate form, and _% a severe or profound form

75

20

5

7

What is the most prevalent form of mental retardation?

Down's syndrome

8

Mental retardation is diagnosed through the administration of a standardized intelligence test and can be confirmed if the IQ is __ or lower

75

9

What are 3 instruments most commonly used for the assessment of intellectual functioning?

- Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale
- Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-IV
- Kaufman Assessment Battery for Children

10

Other than low IQ, what are typically the presenting symptoms in individuals with intellectual disabilities?

impairments in adaptive functioning

11

What are adaptive skills?

skills considered to be central to successful life functioning

12

Mental retardation is confirmed if a person has deficits in 2 or more adaptive functioning areas, what are 9 areas?

- communication
- self-care
- home living
- social skills
- community use
- self-direction
- health and safety
- functional academics
- leisure