Spine Sports Injuries Flashcards Preview

731: Pediatrics > Spine Sports Injuries > Flashcards

Flashcards in Spine Sports Injuries Deck (17):
1

What is the most common back injury in children?

spondylosis

2

What is spondylosis?

Fracture of the pars interarticularis of the lumbar spine

3

What lumbar segment is the most often affected?

L5

4

Bracing is not required if the spondylosis slip is less than __%

25 (grade I)

5

What is spondylolisthesis?

Anterior slippage of one vertebral body on another

6

What segmental level does spondylolisthesis tend to occur?

L5-S1

7

What are the 4 spondylolisthesis grades?

I) 0-25%
II) 25-50%
III) 50-75%
IV ) 75-100%

8

What are the symptoms of both spondylosis and spondylolisthesis?

- pain with spinal extension and combined extension rotation movements
- "step off" sign of adjacent spinous processes

9

What is the recommende treatment for spondylolisthesis

- custom molded TLSO
- core muscle strengthening and endurance training

10

What does posterior element overuse syndrome refer to?

a constellation of conditions involving muscle tendons, ligaments, facet joints, and joint capsules that creates pain in the lower back

11

What is treatment for posterior element overuse syndrome?

rest, activity modification, and rehabilitation to address flexibility, strength, and motor control deficits

12

What causes a stinger?

traction injury to the brachial plexus

13

What nerve roots does a stringer usually involve?

C5-C6

14

What percentage of concussions go unnoticed?

50%

15

Describe the pathophysiology of a concussion

Axonal injury and damage to the mitochondria

16

What is the female athlete triad?

- menstrual dysfunction
- low energy availability
- decreased bone density

17

What anatomic differences predispose females to certain musculoskeletal conditions?

- wider pelvis
- anteverted femurs
- a larger Q angle
- external tibial torsion
- increased ligament laxity