Flashcards in Merchant Context Deck (8):
Troilus & Criseyde
Acts as a segue between Malfi & Merchant.
Love is abject.
Perfect example of courtly love.
Physical love makes him sick.
Women are in power.
Descriptio (used by January).
“Burns with love” – reflects Damyan’s infatuation with May (poor lover).
Status conferred on women = God like.
Women are portrayed as physically above men.
Harp = Classical instrument in romances.
Lamentations of Mateolus
Matheolus was a 13th century French Cleric & Poet.
The Lamentations was an antifeminist work, arguing that marriage makes men’s lives miserable.
Its renowned infamy became a perfect tool for Christine de Pizan to kick of her defence for women in The Book of the City of Ladies (rare feminist view).
Matheolus uses satirisation to exaggerate the weaknesses of women & uses it to devalue marriage.
After he wrote The Lamentations, he wrote a second book titled ‘The Book of Gladness’, in which he apologised for ever having translated the original. He spoke of positivity surrounding women.
Roman de la Rose
A courtly love song composed in French.
Written between 1200-1304.
Classic garden imagery.
The Garden of Eden – Proleptically Ironic.
Pilgrimage = Irreligious.
Marriage – a legal morally bound way for sex.
Chaucer, through the use of humour, dams religious ideas.
Theofraste & The Golden Book of Marriage
Theofraste is an economic viewpoint.
Draws in contradictions.
Author of anti-feminist text.
The Merchant quotes from it.
Religious elements tp marriage.
Sex is either procreational or sinful.
Medieval test, an allegory for society.
Written as a dream poem.
Plowman vaguely represents Jesus.
Contrition forgets to weep.
Conscience must go on a pilgrimage – The Duchess wants to go on a pilgrimage in order to escape.
Debased & Devalued intentions.