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Philosophy II - Final > Metaphysics > Flashcards

Flashcards in Metaphysics Deck (28):
1

What are the 4 Metaphysical concepts?

-Materialism/Physicalism
-Idealism
-Dualism

2

What is the Ontology of metaphysics?

The nature of being or reality

3

What is the cosmology of metaphysics?

The origin and structure of the universe

4

What is the teleology of metaphysics?

The study of first causes

5

What is the nature of being or reality in metaphysics?

Ontology

6

What is the origin and structure of the universe in metaphysics?

Cosmology

7

What is the study of first causes in metaphysics?

Teleology

8

What kind of dualism is Materialism?

"property" dualism

9

What kind of dualism is idealism?

"substance" dualism

10

What is another name for Materialism?

Physicalism

11

What are the 3 main points of Materialism?

-All about MATTER
-Mind/spirit/soul is an aspect of or function of the brain/body
-Can be dogma scientific "exclusionism"

12

What are the 3 main points of Idealism?

-Mind/spirit is REALITY but immaterial is NATURE
-Objections of perception (matter) are only IDEAS of the perceiving mind
-Matter is a creation of the mind

13

Who is Dualism attributed to?

Descartes

14

What is the main concept of Dualism?

Reality has two elements (mind and matter) and functions on two levels (mental and physical)

15

What is the dilemma of the relationship between the body and mind?

-How can the matter (body) affect the immaterial (mind)?
-How can the immaterial (mind) affect matter (body)?

16

What are the two types of Dualism?

"Property" dualism and "Substance"dualism

17

What type of metaphysics tended to lead to "property" dualism?

Materialistic or physicalistic
-Mind is a "property" of the body
-It is epiphenomenal because the mind does not CAUSE bodily activities, it is an EFFECT of them

18

T/F: In property dualism, when the body dies, the mind ceases to exist

True - the body gives rise to the mind
"the mind is to the body as smoke is to fire"

19

What kind of metaphysics tended to lead to "substance" dualism?

Idealistic metaphysics
-The mind, distinct from the body, is a real substance which can cause things to happen by acting

20

T/F: Substance Dualism believes that the mind cant exist independent of the body (after death)

False - the mind CAN exist independent
-This tends to support a theistic view of the mind becoming one with the soul or spirit

21

What is the metaphysical statement for materialism/physicalism?

"Only matter, never mind"

22

What is the metaphysical statement for Idealism?

"Only mind, never matter"

23

T/F: "Mind in matter" is the metaphysical statement for Property Dualism

False - "Mind in matter" is the statement for Substance Dualism

24

What is the metaphysical statement for Property Dualism?

"Mind from matter"

25

What is the metaphysical statement for Dualistic Interactionism?

Mind and matter (mind/body)

26

What dilemma did BJ Palmer consider to be the "great divide"?

The mind/body dilemma

27

What did BJ feel "bridged the great divide?"

The chiropractic Triune of Life

28

What are the three views of the Chiropractic Triune of Life?

-Intelligence provides the form
-Matter/energy (material) expresses the form
-Force links intelligence with matter