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Microbiology First Aid USMLE Step 1 > Micro Treatments > Flashcards

Flashcards in Micro Treatments Deck (102):
1

Staphylococcus aureus treatment?

Naficillin/Methicillin/Oxacillin (MSSA). Vancomycin (MRSA).

2

Streptococcus pneumoniae treatment?

Pneumovax to capsular antigens. Penicillin, macrolides, telithromycin (if macrolide-resistant).

3

Enterococcus faecalis treatment?

Linezolid, streptogramins (quinupristin/dalfopristin)

4

Corynebacterium diphtheriae treatment?

Diphtheria toxoid vaccine (conjugated to H. influenzae capsular polysaccharide).

5

Clostridium tetani treatment?

Clindamycin, metronidazole, vancomycin

6

Clostridium botulinum treatment?

Clindamycin, metronidazole, vancomycin

7

Clostridium perfringens treatment?

Clindamycin, metronidazole, vancomycin

8

Closteridium difficle treatment?

Clindamycin, metronidazole, vancomycin

9

Listeria monocytogenes treatment?

Ampicillin/amoxicillin

10

Actinomyces israelii treatment?

Penicillin

11

Nocardia asteroides treatment?

TMP-SMX

12

Mycobacterium tuberculosis treatment?

Isoniazid, rifampin, ethambutol, pyrazinamide. BCG vaccinization.

13

Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare treatment?

Azithromycin

14

Mycobacterium leprae treatment?

Dapsone, clofazimine, and rifampin

15

Neisseria gonorrhoeae treatment?

Ceftriaxone

16

Neisseria meningitidis treatment?

Ceftriaxone (meningitis), rifampin (prophylaxis). Vaccination.

17

Haemophilus influenzae treatment?

Rifampin (prophylaxis). Vaccine (polysaccharide conjugated to diphtheria toxoid).

18

Legionella pneumophila treatment?

Erythromycin

19

Pseudomonas aeruginosa treatment?

Aztreonam, piperacillin/carbencillin/ticarcillin, imipenem/meropenem plus aminoglycoside.

20

Bordetella pertussis treatment?

Pertussis toxoid vaccine.

21

Escherichia coli (EHEC) treatment?

TMP-SMX or fluoroquinolone (UTIs).

22

Escherichia coli (ETEC) treatment?

TMP-SMX or fluoroquinolone (UTIs).

23

Escherichia coli (EIEC) treatment?

TMP-SMX or fluoroquinolone (UTIs).

24

Escherichia coli (EPEC) treatment?

TMP-SMX or fluoroquinolone (UTIs).

25

Klebsiella pneumoniae treatment?

Cephalosporins, aminoglycosides.

26

Salmonella typhi treatment?

Don't treat. Monocytic response.

27

Helicobacter pylori treatment?

Metronidazole, bismuth, tetracycline/amoxicillin; or metronidazole, omperazole, clarithromycin.

28

Borrelia burgdorferi treatment?

Doxycycline

29

Treponema pallidum treatment?

Penicillin G (Jarisch-Herxheimer reaction)

30

Brucella melitensis treatment?

Streptomycin, doxycycline.

31

Francisella tularensis treatment?

Streptomycin, doxycycline.

32

Gardnerella vaginalis treatment?

Metronidazole.

33

Rickettsiae rickettsii treatment?

Doxycycline.

34

Rickettsiae typi treatment?

Doxycycline.

35

Rickettsiae prowazekii treatment?

Doxycycline.

36

Ehrlichia chaffeensis treatment?

Doxycycline.

37

Anaplasma phagocytophilum treatment?

Doxycycline.

38

Coxiella burnetii treatment?

Doxycycline.

39

Chlamydia trachomatis treatment?

Doxycycline, erythromycin.

40

Chlamydia pneumoniae treatment?

Doxycycline, erythromycin.

41

Chlamydia psittaci treatment?

Doxycycline, erythromycin.

42

Mycoplasma pneumoniae treatment?

Erythromycin, doxycycline.

43

Bacteroides fragilis treatment?

Clindamycin, metronidazole

44

Vibrio cholera treatment?

Doxycycline. Glucose/sodium liquid replacement.

45

Vibrio vulnifcus treatment?

Doxycycline.

46

Vibrio parahaemolyticus treatment?

Doxycycline.

47

Ureaplasma urealyticum treatment?

Doxycycline.

48

Histoplasma capsulatum treatment?

Fluconazole or ketoconazole (local); amphotericin B (systemic).

49

Blastomyces dermatitidis treatment?

Fluconazole or ketoconazole (local); amphotericin B (systemic).

50

Coccidioides immitis, Coccidioides posadasii treatment?

Fluconazole or ketoconazole (local); amphotericin B (systemic).

51

Paracoccidioides brasiliensis treatment?

Fluconazole or ketoconazole (local); amphotericin B (systemic).

52

Malassezia furfur treatment?

Miconazole, clotrimazole (topical azoles).

53

Microsporum spp. treatment?

Miconazole, clotrimazole (topical azoles).

54

Trichophyton spp. treatment?

Miconazole, clotrimazole (topical azoles).

55

Epidermophyton spp. treatment?

Miconazole, clotrimazole (topical azoles).

56

Candida albicans treatment?

Nystatin (superficial skin infection), amphotericin B (systemic).

57

Aspergillus fumigatus treatment?

Voriconazole, caspofungin/micafungin.

58

Pneumocystis jiroveci treatment?

TMP-SMX, aerolsolized pentamidine, dapsone.

59

Sporothrix schenckii treatment?

Itraconazole, potassium iodide.

60

Giardia lamblia treatment?

Metronidazole.

61

Entamoeba histolytica treatment?

Metronidazole (liver abscesses), paromycin/iodoquinol (intestinal),

62

Cryptosporidium spp. treatment?

Prevention (filtering water).

63

Toxoplasma gondii treatment?

Pyrimethamine-sulfadiazine plus leucovorin (folinic acid), spiramycin.

64

Trypanosoma gambiense/rhodesiense treatment?

Suramin (blood form), melarsoprol (CNS)

65

Trypanosoma cruzi treatment?

Nifurtimox.

66

Leishmania donovani treatment?

Sodium stibogluconate.

67

Plasmodium vivax/ovale treatment?

Primaquine (hepatic form), chloroquine (erythrocyte form).

68

Plasmodium falciparum treatment?

Chloroquine (if sensitive), mefloquine (if resistant, i.e. Africa).

69

Plasmodium malariae treatment?

Chloroquine (if sensitive), mefloquine (if resistant, i.e. Africa).

70

Babesia microti, Theileria microti treatment?

Quinine plus clindamycin.

71

Trichomonas vaginalis treatment?

Metronidazole.

72

Enterobius vermicularis treatment?

Mebendazole, albendazole or pyrantel pamoate.

73

Ascaris lumbricoides treatment?

Mebendazole, albendazole or pyrantel pamoate.

74

Trichinella spiralis treatment?

Mebendazole, albendazol.

75

Strongyloides stercoralis treatment?

Mebendazole, albendazole or ivermectin.

76

Ancylostoma duodenale, Necator americanus treatment?

Mebendazole, albendazole or pyrantel pamoate.

77

Dracunculus medinensis treatment?

Niridazole. Cheese cloth filtration of water.

78

Ochocerca volvulus treatment?

Ivermectin.

79

Loa loa treatment?

Diethylcarbamazine

80

Wuchereia bancrofti, Brugia malayi treatment?

Diethylcarbamazine

81

Toxocara canis treatment?

Diethylcarbamazine

82

Taenia solium treatment?

Praziquantal or mebendazole, albendazol (neurocysticercosis).

83

Diphyllobothrium latum treatment?

Praziquantal.

84

Echinococcus granulosus treatment?

Mebendazole, albendazol.

85

Schistosoma haematobium, Schistosoma mansoni treatment?

Praziquantal.

86

Clonorchis sinensis treatment?

Praziquantal.

87

Paragonimus westermani treatment?

Praziquantal.

88

Hepatitis B virus treatment?

Recombinant vaccine (HBsAg). Lamivudine.

89

Adenovirus treatment?

Seen in individuals living in close quarters; military barracks or camp dormitories.

90

Human papillomavirus treatment?

Recombinant vaccine (types 6, 11, 16, 18)

91

Variola (smallpox) treatment?

Lived, attenuated vaccine.

92

Rotavirus treatment?

Lived, attenuated vaccine.

93

Poliovirus treatment?

Killed vaccine (Salk), live/attenuated vaccine (Sabin). Sabin provides IgA immunity in gut.

94

Hepatitis A virus treatment?

Killed vaccine.

95

Yellow fever treatment?

Live, attenuated vaccine.

96

Rubella treatment?

Live, attenuated vaccine (MMR).

97

Influenza A, B, C treatment?

Killed vaccine (parenteral), live vaccine (nasal). Vaccine is to hemagglutinin. Zanamivir, oseltamivir (prophylaxis).

98

Respiratory syncytial virus treatment?

Inhaled ribavirin, Palivizumab (anti F-protein antibody).

99

Rubeola (measles) treatment?

Live, attenuated vaccine (MMR). Vitamin A.

100

Mumps treatment?

Live, attenuated vaccine (MMR).

101

Rabies treatment?

Killed vaccine.

102

Scabies treatment?

Permethrin, ivermectin, mebendazole