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Flashcards in MICROBIOLOGY Deck (32):
1

obligate/strict aerobe definition

NEED oxygen

2

obligate/strict anaerobe definition

killed by oxygen

3

pink gram stain

Gm neg

4

purple Gram stain

Gm pos

5

most common coliform

ecoli

6

what type of haemolysis is partial haemolysis

what colour does it turn around the colony

alpha haemolysis

green

7

what type of haemolysis is full haemolysis

what colour does it turn

beta haemolysis

yellow

8

what type of haemolysis is no haemolysis (no change in colour)

gamma haemolysis

9

Gm negative cocci (2)

Neisseria gonorrhoea
Neisseria meningitidis

10

grows in chocolate agar

haem influenza

11

what does MRSA release

panton valentine leurkocidiin (PVC)

12

alpha haemolysis organisms

strep pneumonia
strep viridans

(in greek viridans means green :))

13

what is the haemolysis test used to distinguish between

different types of strep

14

beta haemolysis organisms

group A (strep pyogenes) and group B strep

15

gamma haemolysis organisms

enterococcus

16

coagulase positive staph

staph aureus

17

common infecting organism in alcoholics (2)

strep pneumonia
klebsiella

18

common infecting organism in kids

haem influenza

19

common infecting organism in PWID

staph aureus

20

staph aureus treatment

flucloxacillin

21

strep treatment

amoxicillin

(gun ammox is released in strips)

22

strep viridans treatment

benzylpenicillin

(DANielle give BEN a STRIPtease)

23

salmonella treatment

ciprofloxacin

(ELLA takes a SIP)

24

c diff treatment (normal + severe)

metronidazole (normal)
vancomycin (severe)

(c diff = when its DIFFICULT to SEE the road, safer to take the METRO than the VAN (VAN could be SEVERE))

25

haem influenzae treatment

ceftriaxone

(occurs in Children = Ceftriaxone)

26

what is a fast alternative to cultures for identifying microorganisms

MALDI-TOF

27

mouth commensals (2)

strep viridans
candida

28

gut commensals (2)

coliforms (ecoli, klebsiella, proteus)
anaerobes (bacteriodes, clostridium)

29

skin commensals (2)

staph epidermis
bacillus

30

4C antibiotics

cephalosporins
ciprofloxacin
coamoxiclav
clindamycin

31

coliforms (ecoli) treatment

gentamicin

32

anaerobes treatment

metronidazole