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Flashcards in Misc Deck (47):
1

hyperplasia definition

increase in cell number

2

hypertrophy definition

increase in cell size

3

atrophy definition

decrease in cell size

4

metaplasia definition

reversible change in cell type

5

neoplasia definition

new cell growth

6

dysplasia definition

benign/malignant disordered growth

7

apoptosis definition

unprogrammed cell death

8

what is N0 in TNM staging

no node involvement

9

what is N1 in TNM staging

1-3 node involvement

10

what is N2 in TNM staging

4+ node involvement

11

what is an acrocentric chromosome

when do they occur

has a long arm and a short arm

common in cancer

12

what is a mendelian disease

are they generally serious or not

are they common or rare

purely genetic

serious

rare

13

what is a multifactorial disease

are they generally serious or not

are they common or rare

mixture of genetic and environmental factors

not

common

14

where do you get mitochondrial DNA

from your mother

(M itochondiral = M um/M aternal)

15

trisomy 21

downs syndrome

16

trisomy 14

miscarriage

17

trisomy 18

Edwards syndrome

18

22q11 deletion

digeorge syndrome

19

45X or XO

turners syndrome

20

47XXX

triple X

21

47XXY

klinefelters

22

components of the innate immune response (3)

macrophages
mast cells
NK cells

23

components of the adaptive immune response (2)

B cells
T cells

24

what are NK cells

large granular lymphocytes

25

which Ig is found in breast milk and saliva

IgA

26

which Ig is most commonly produced

IgA

27

which Ig is most abundant in the body

IgG

28

which Ig is involved in allergic responses

IgE

29

which Ig is involved in mast cell activation

IgE

(bc its the one involved in allergic responses)

30

which Ig is involved in neonatal immunity

IgA

31

which Ig is the largest

IgM

32

which Ig is present first in infection (and hence measured in primary hormonal immune response)

IgM

33

which Ig is an 'antigen cell receptor'

IgD

34

which Ig is a pentamer

IgM

35

which germ layer do organs come from

mesoderm

36

which germ layer does the lining of the GI and resp tract come from

endoderm

37

which germ layer does the skin and nerves come from

ectoderm

38

energy supply 0-4 secs

ATP

39

energy supply 4-15 secs

phosphocreatinine

40

energy supply 15 secs - 4 mins

free circulating glucose

41

energy supply 4-77 mins

glycogen stores

42

energy supply > 4 days

fat stores

43

which type of white blood cell has a kidney shaped nucleus

monocyte

(mono = one nucleus (most are bilobed))

44

which type of white blood cell has a large circular nucleus

lymphocyte

(Lymphocyte = Large nucleus)

45

which type of white blood cell has pink dots in front of a bilobed nucleus

eosinophils

46

which type of white blood cell can you not really see the nucleus in (its a bilobed nucleus)

basophil

(Basophil = looks Blotchy)

47

which type of white blood cell has a multilobed nucleus

neutrophil