Mid Term 2: Study Results Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Mid Term 2: Study Results Deck (27):

Kramer, Friedman & Bernstein used what kind of therapy..

-evaluate social behaviours of dementia patients during a one-on-one visit, visit with a real dog and a visit with an Aibo.


Kramer and Friedman found...

-all three activities increased interactive behaviours


Goals of Libyan & Cohen-Mansfield of therapy

-what effect occurs when CI people interact with a robot cat
-does a robotic cat trigger more positive interactions than a plush toy
-what degree does dementia level impact interaction with robotic cat


Libyan &; Cohen-Mansfield found...

-both plush and robotic cats increased pleasure.
-the plush cat actually decreased agitation
-the robotic cat did not make any significant changes in agitation
-both conditions demonstrated increased attention


SNOEZELEN study aimed to

compare effects of Snoezelen on mood and behaviour with reminiscence therapy- an established and accepted intervention


(Balloon) Was Snoezelen more effective or as effective of Reminiscence therapy?

There was no significant difference in heart rate, agitated behaviour between the Snoezelen and Remin. Therapy.


Barrik studied...

the impact of ambient bright light on agitation in dementia


Barrick found that ambient light..
-in the am...
-all day conditions...
Did what for those with mild/moderate dementia?

Those with mild to moderate dementia
-in the am...
-all day conditions...
were all significantly more agitated than under standard light



Montessori vs Zygola

This research aimed to:
1. determine the effect of participant’s involvement in Resident-Assisted Programming on the participants who led and participated in activities
2. determine the difference, if any, between two separate 3. difference between phase groups (pilot vs train-the-trainer) and program effects.


Skrajner- Results

Constructive Engagement

Passive Engagement

Other Engagement

Positive measures

Constructive Engagement Increased only in the Montessori-based group.

Passive Engagement increased in both groups

Other Engagement strongly reduced in Montessori group though similar results only in phase 2 Zgola group

Non-Engagement measures not seen

Positive measures seen in both conditions

Results support efficacy of these programs


Wescott & Healy (2011

Evaluate high school student participant’s experiences in regards to participation in the program.

Hypothesized that participant’s perceptions of older adults and those with Alzheimer’s would shift in a more positive direction after participating in the MBI program.


Wescott & Healy (2011 Results

Increase in positive perception

Support Hypothesis

Feedback provided reported positive feelings of growth



Establish affect attunement with the patient through systematic use of music and reciprocal empathetic behavior


Raglio NPI Results...
How long did it persist?
anything specific??

-Significantly lower NPI scores for experimental group at 8 & 16 weeks
-Effect persisted 4 weeks after completion
-NPI domains specifically reduced:
Anxiety, agitation, apathy, irritability (to name a few)


Majic et al. (2013)
IV: The effect of
DV: The measured amounts of
Expected: AAT should decrease all symptoms examined

...Animal Assisted Therapy
...agitation/aggression and depression in dementia patients


Sellers, D. (2005)
IV: The effect of...
DV: Changes in...
Expected: Elders in the treatment phase would show decreased ________behaviours and an increase in _______ behaviours when compared to baseline

...social and agitated behaviours
Expected: Elders in the treatment phase would show decreased AGITATED BEH and an increase in SOCIAL BEHAVIOURS when compared to baseline


Magic Results: Agitation/aggression and depression ... &

Agitation/aggression and depression remained stable in treatment group
Increased in control
Cognitive decline occurred in both groups


Raglio empathetic behavior

Average improvements in EB and reductions in n-EB
Improved acceptance


Park & Pringle Specht

Reduce agitation during peak times through systematic use of pre-recorded individualized music


Park & Pringle Specht- RESULTS 1 of 2
Significantly lower mean ....
When were these levels found?

Significantly lower mean agitation levels during and after listening, compared to before, were found


Park & Pringle Specht- RESULTS 2 of 2
Significantly ________ mean agitation levels were....

Park & Pringle Specht- RESULTS 2 of 2
Significantly different mean agitation levels were not found during or after listening
No significant difference in mean agitation levels was found between intervention and non-intervention weeks



compare the effects of Snoezelen and reminiscence therapy on agitated behavior


Baillion Results:
Heart Rate-
Interaction Scale

AMBI : No significant difference between pre/post session
Heart Rate : No significant difference in mean heart rate
Interact Scale: No significant positive change in behaviors



To examine the values of a reminiscence programme, adopting an intergenerational approach, on older persons with early dementia and youth volunteersChung results


Chung Results


Significant pre- and postprogramme differences were found for QoL-AD and CGDS among the elderly participants, and for DQ among the youth participants.
-Volunteers also showed positive appreciation of older persons and opined that this community service provided them an opportunity to re- flect on their relationship with elderly relatives. Some volunteers, however, commented the heavy workload of the reminiscence programme.



Effects of intergenerational Montessori-based activities programming on engagement of nursing home residents with dementia


LEE REsults

An overarching finding was that during IGP, the predominant form of engagement displayed by older adults with dementia was CE, followed by PE