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Flashcards in Midterm 3 study results Deck (32):
1

Family Caregiving:
Effect of a structured Intervention on Caregivers of Patients with Dementia and Problem Behaviours (Shanel study 1) objective- confirmed?

Family Caregiving:
-pilot study was conducted to determine the effects of structured interventions on caregiver stress and institutionalization of the person in care

2

Pilot Controlled Trial of Mindfulness meditation and Education for Dementia Caregivers (Shanel 2) objective ?



Objective:evaluate the effectiveness of mindful meditation on caregiver stress level

Results: mindfulness and education intervention decreased self rated caregiver stress better than respite only control.

3

T/F Participants who rated their stress scales at home showed higher stress skills than those who rated their stress in a clinical setting

T

4

Researchers studying the tactile way finding belt to help seniors navigate a facility hypothesized...
Supported?

1. Younger participants would take less time deciding and make fewer errors than older people without belt.
2.WITH the belt both groups would perform the same

CONFIRMED

5

Study comparing impact of colouring or calculation activities on dementia patients showed art therapy improved...while participants in the calculation condition...

colouring improved QOL and vitality for art therapy group and cognitive function improve significantly for the calculation group

6

BEHAVIORAL INTERVENTIONs: IAN
Research using verbal instruction technology to assist participants with ______ dementia recapture functions of daily activities of living and retaining autonomy found..

-MILD TO MODERATE dementia

-VIT was a promising assistive technology

7

BEHAVIORAL INTERVENTIONS:IAN
Research using Papero the robot

DO SELF

8

BEHAVIORAL INTERVENTIONS:
Research into the use of essential oils and massage to reduce disordered behaviour found...
however effects were only significant..

BEHAVIORAL INTERVENTIONS:KARLY
-aromatherapy + massage to be the most effective at reducing excessive motor behaviour
however effects were only significant between 3 and 4 p.m. (during a typical sundowning time of day?...weird)

9

If there is a hell...

this is mine : )

10

What is the Memory Bridge Initiative?

a service-learning curriculum that teaches students in grades 6-12 how to communicate meaningfully with AD patients.

11

BEHAVIORAL INTERVENTIONS:WHO
MAKS is a multimodal non drug therapy using...
M
A
Ks

BEHAVIORAL INTERVENTIONS:KARLY
motor stimulation, activities of daily living,
and cognitive stimulation

12

BEHAVIORAL INTERVENTIONS: WHO?
Researchers found MAKS improved...with the greatest effect on...

BEHAVIORAL INTERVENTIONS:KARLY
-overall dementia symptoms in the MAKS group and no change in the control group with the greatest effect on
SOCIAL BEHAVIOUR AND INSTRUMENTAL ACTIVITIES OF DAILY LIVING

13

Reminiscence therapy:


Discussion of past activities, experiences, and/or events with another person (acquaintance, family member, friend, caregiver, or therapist) or group of people

14

Life Review Therapy:

Promotes...


-Structured
-Covers complete life span
-Applying therapeutic approaches (e.g. cognitive, problem-solving, or narrative therapy)

Promotes self-acceptance and psychological health

15

AFFECT FOCUSED: WHO?
Patients with dementia who were exposed to reminiscence program sessions had a ...

How and what kind of control groups? Results?

AFFECT FOCUSED: BLAIRE
... increased quality of life and improved social interaction patterns

2:Active & Passive: No sig changes for either

16

AFFECT FOCUSED: WHO?
Researchers studying effect of receptive personalized music therapy on anxiety and depression of AD patients found...

AFFECT FOCUSED: Blaire
Level of anxiety ad depression decreased more in the music therapy group vs. the control group

17

AFFECT FOCUSED: WHO?
Effects of a high-intensity functional exercise programme on depressive symptoms and psychological well-being among OLDER people living in residential care facilities found...

AFFECT FOCUSED: Breanne
improvements in psychological well-being and nosing diff in depression score for treatment group compared to control.

18

AFFECT FOCUSED: WHO?
Effect of exercise on negative affect in residents in special care units with moderate to severe DEMENTIA found...

AFFECT FOCUSED: Breanne
Short term: improvement in anxiety scores but not depression or anxiety
Long term: improvement in anxiety and depression scores but not anger

19

AFFECT FOCUSED: WHO?
Effect of Ambient Bright Light Therapy on Depressive Symptoms in Person found... Which light had greatest effect? on which of the sexes?

AFFECT FOCUSED: Brooke
bright light therapy does not consistently improve depressive symptoms.
Morning light appeared to have greatest effect on both sexes, but was favorable in women and unfavorable in men

20

AFFECT FOCUSED: WHO? Effectiveness of a recovery-orientated psychiatric intervention package on the wellbeing of people with early dementia found

AFFECT FOCUSED: Brooke
Recovery-orientated intervention showed improvement of wellbeing in people with dementia regardless: aga, sex, marital status etc.

21

AFFECT FOCUSED: WHO?
preferred music listening intervention to reduce anxiety in older adults withdementia in nursing homes to determine whether or not listening to preferred music will reduce patient anxiety and therefore increase quality of life found...

AFFECT FOCUSED: Travis
it worked. wow.

22

AFFECT FOCUSED: WHO?
A group music intervention using percussion instruments with familiar music to reduce anxiety and agitation of institutionalized older adults with dementia found...

AFFECT FOCUSED: Travis
Anxiety scores decreased from baseline to week 6 for both groups while neither group showed a decline in aggression.

23

Receptive music involves:
Active music therapy involves:

-listening
-playing instruments

24

Commonly used methods of music therapy for dementia patients include receptive..
1.
2.
examples of each

Receptive analytical and/or relaxation.

-Analytical: encourages expression of thoughts (can uncover remaining abilities

-Relaxation: hypnosis etc (treats depression and anxiety)

25

COGNITIVE INTERVENTIONS
Of AD patients and Amnestic Mild Cognitive Impairment and Mild Alzheimer’s Disease who benefited from stage matched cog interventions

COGNITIVE INTERVENTIONS:SYDIE
Amnesiac Cog imp- not AD

26

COGNITIVE INTERVENTIONS
specific cognitive training program for patient’s verbal and procedural memory demonstrated...
task included:
retained?

COGNITIVE INTERVENTIONS:SYDNIE
significant improvements on both tasks

tasks: “Puzzle-like” and “association” tasks
-retained for 3 months

27

COGNITIVE INTERVENTIONS
Multimodal interventions (motor exercise and cognitive tasks) showed..

intervention included:

results suggest increased blood flow...

COGNITIVE INTERVENTIONS:Caryn
-both single task and dual tasks are extremely beneficial cog interventions

improvements in gait length and cognitive abilities in training group
**gait length only increased in single-task activities in training group, not in dual-task activities.

tasks: bouncing ball (motor), listing animal names

results suggest increased blood flow improved: increased gait length and cog performance

28

COGNITIVE INTERVENTIONS
case study of guy with cell phone strapped to him?? to determine if a slide show of weekly events + reminiscence with wife could improve recall.
Did it?

COGNITIVE INTERVENTIONS:Caryn

subject recalled more events but photos were shit so need better tech

29

COGNITIVE INTERVENTIONS
effect of exposure to lemon and rosemary in am and lavender at night showed...

COGNITIVE INTERVENTIONS:Jessica
No significant differences between patients with dementia for most items except for the ones evaluating function
GBSS-J-B (spontaneity)
GBSS-J-C (feeling function)
GBSS-J-D (other psychotic manifestations)

30

COGNITIVE INTERVENTIONS
collaborative memory recall had

COGNITIVE INTERVENTIONS:Jessica
no sig effects on patient but improved relationship between spouse and ad patient

31

COGNITIVE INTERVENTIONS
Brain gym and cog stem therapy

Cog stim?describe
Brain Gym?

COGNITIVE INTERVENTIONS
work

cs: Improvement in spoken language, word finding, and comprehension

b gym:
significant improvements in sustained attention, visual memory, and a trend in working memory

32

he internet training program for family caregivers had..

a significant effect on scores of depression and anxiety