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Flashcards in Midterm Deck (36)
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1

Process of hierarchical ranking in society

Stratification

2

Group consensus, community comes together to discuss/argue over decisions until everyone is on board, no one has the right to decide for others

Egalitarian

3

Has a leader, decides for others, classes

Hierarchial

4

What 3 things determine status?

kinship, rank, class

5

Generally hunting and gathering subsistence, roles in society determined by gender and age

Bands

6

Social measures in place to maintain equality among the community

Social leveling

7

Generally egalitarian with a leader, kinship no longer the only social bond

Tribes

8

Headman is a charismatic leader, role is to keep the community running through personality

Big Man Society

9

One recognized leader of community or group of communities

Chiefdom

10

Centralized rulership with coercive power/ force over an area

State

11

What are the major waterways in Mesopotamia?

Euphrates and Tigris

12

A site where we could see the evolution of temples

Eridu (site)

13

Earliest state society, importance of trade networks for wealth of the city, had the Anu Ziggurat

Uruk (site)

14

Largest city in the world from 2030-1980 BC, founded in the Ubaid period

Ur (site)

15

What was important during the Ubaid period?

Agriculturally dependent, temples appear, canal irrigation

16

What was important during the Uruk period?

Origins of states and urban cities, fortification, mass production of goods

17

What was important during the Early Dynastic period?

Passing of power to the next generation, metal tools, increased warfare, writing traces kings and dynasties

18

What was important during the Akkadian Period?

Unification of the four regions, change from Sumerian language to Kish

19

What was important during Ur III?

Early starts of an empire, revival of Sumerian culture

20

What was important during the Babylonian?

Hammurabi rule, founded during the reign of king Sargon

21

Why was the Nile important to Egyptians?

Provided a food source, transportation, flooding left fertile deposits

22

Why was agriculture slow in Egyptian civlization?

Natural environment was rich in resources

23

What was important during the Predynastic period? (Egypt)

Upper and Lower Egypt were separate, Neolithic occupation

24

What did the pharaoh do?

Ruled over Egypt, gave people land to rule

25

Dynastic rule follows unification, pyramids appear as tombs for kings, social stratification

Old Kingdom

26

What was important during the First Intermediate?

Collapse of central government, severe drought, regional governors establish power and rule among regions, end of pyramids

27

Built as monumental tombs for kings, designed to connect the spirits of the king to the heavens and the suns

Great Pyramids of Giza

28

What happened during the Middle Kingdom?

Period of calm after civil unrest, less reliance on the lower class, extension of trade routes, unification

29

What happened during the Second Intermediate?

Intrusion of the Hyskos, push Hyskos out of power

30

What happened during the New Kingdom?

Period of pharaohs with extensive power, Egypt begins empiric expansion and consolidation, period of prosperity and growth