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Flashcards in Test 2 Deck (41)
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1

Major river way that floods caused famine, but also brought fertile land

Yellow River

2

Question carved into the bone and bones placed in a fire until they crack

Scapulimancy

3

Agriculture was indigenous invention, pig domestication, millet grown in Huang he Valley

Neolithic

4

Early evidence for well established villages with domestication; used slash and burn technique

Yangshao

5

Period of population consolidation and growth; rice became more widespread, metallurgy

Longshan

6

Transitional period, shift to cultural complexity, use of bronze

Erlitou

7

Second Chinese dynasty; extensive use of oracle bones, agricultural based, hunting, war and human sacrifice were present

Shang

8

Feudal system of leadership, dukes ruled the land

Zhou

9

Uprising of dukes who were making grabs for land, main period of conflict

Warring States

10

Philosopher born during the warring states, concerned with relationships

Confucius

11

If everyone follows their role, people will live harmoniously

Confucianism

12

How long did the Qin Dynasty last?

15 years

13

What type of ruling did the Qin dynasty have?

Legalism

14

People are evil, the only way to make them behave is strict punishment

Legalism

15

Why did Shihuangdi burn all of Confucius' books?

To purge earlier records and to re-write history

16

Archaic site with mound building, increased sedentism, and fired clay

Poverty Point

17

What was the purpose of mounds during the Adeana/Hopewell period?

Bury dead in small buildings, burn, cover with earth

18

What was the purpose of mounds during the Mississippian period?

Bury the dead, used the mounds as a platform for houses

19

What kind of social organization did the Hopwell people have?

Bigman

20

What kind of social organization did the Mississipian people have?

Chiefdom

21

What kind of social organization did Cahokia have?

Had many characteristics of a state but not all of them. Generally classified as a chiefdom

22

What evidence did Cahokia have, making it a state?

No writing system

23

What is the social organization in the Pacific Northwest?

Chiefdom

24

What kind of subsistence did the Pacific Northwest depend on?

Marine animals

25

What is the purpose of the Potlach?

Show the power of the chief of bigman

26

Chiefs or Bigman groups would give away all their goods, ending up being poor with material wealth, but with rich prestige

Potlach

27

Had pithouses based on Hohokam culture, transitioned to Kivas, intense irrigation systems

Pueblo/Anasazi

28

Why was maize domesticated before sedentism?

Took a long time for cobs to grow large enough to support sedentism

29

What types of food did Mesoamerica depend on?

Beans, maize, squash

30

Introduction to counting, ball game, pyramids

Olmec