Flashcards in Test 2 Deck (41)
Major river way that floods caused famine, but also brought fertile land
Question carved into the bone and bones placed in a fire until they crack
Agriculture was indigenous invention, pig domestication, millet grown in Huang he Valley
Early evidence for well established villages with domestication; used slash and burn technique
Period of population consolidation and growth; rice became more widespread, metallurgy
Transitional period, shift to cultural complexity, use of bronze
Second Chinese dynasty; extensive use of oracle bones, agricultural based, hunting, war and human sacrifice were present
Feudal system of leadership, dukes ruled the land
Uprising of dukes who were making grabs for land, main period of conflict
Philosopher born during the warring states, concerned with relationships
If everyone follows their role, people will live harmoniously
How long did the Qin Dynasty last?
What type of ruling did the Qin dynasty have?
People are evil, the only way to make them behave is strict punishment
Why did Shihuangdi burn all of Confucius' books?
To purge earlier records and to re-write history
Archaic site with mound building, increased sedentism, and fired clay
What was the purpose of mounds during the Adeana/Hopewell period?
Bury dead in small buildings, burn, cover with earth
What was the purpose of mounds during the Mississippian period?
Bury the dead, used the mounds as a platform for houses
What kind of social organization did the Hopwell people have?
What kind of social organization did the Mississipian people have?
What kind of social organization did Cahokia have?
Had many characteristics of a state but not all of them. Generally classified as a chiefdom
What evidence did Cahokia have, making it a state?
No writing system
What is the social organization in the Pacific Northwest?
What kind of subsistence did the Pacific Northwest depend on?
What is the purpose of the Potlach?
Show the power of the chief of bigman
Chiefs or Bigman groups would give away all their goods, ending up being poor with material wealth, but with rich prestige
Had pithouses based on Hohokam culture, transitioned to Kivas, intense irrigation systems
Why was maize domesticated before sedentism?
Took a long time for cobs to grow large enough to support sedentism
What types of food did Mesoamerica depend on?
Beans, maize, squash