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Flashcards in Minerals Deck (19)
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1

What are the functions of calcium

For strong bones and teeth controlled muscle contractions and ensuring blood clots normally

2

What are the food sources of calcium

Bread milk cheese soya beans tofu green leafy vegetables

3

What is the effect of deficiency and excess with calcium

Excess will cause stomach pain and diarrhoea and deficiency will cause rickets and osteoporosis

4

What does iron do

Makes red blood cells

5

What are the food sources of iron

Leather beans meat nuts leafy green vegetables fortified cereals drive through an egg yoke

6

What is the effect of deficiency and excess in iron

Deficiency causes anaemia and excess causes constipation feeling sick and stomach pain

7

What does sodium do

Keeps the water level in the body balanced

8

What are sources of sodium

Cheese bacon bread salted nuts crisps ready meals and tinned soup

9

What is the cause of excess and deficiency of sodium

Deficiency can cause muscle cramps and excess can cause high blood pressure which can lead to strokes and heart attacks

10

What is sodium

Salt

11

What is fluoride used for

Helps prevent tooth decay and keeps bones healthy

12

What are sources of fluoride

Drinking water seafood and tea

13

What is the deficiency and excess of fluoride

Excess is staining and pits on the teeth and efficiency causes tooth decay

14

What does iodine do

Making the hormone thyrotine which maintains a healthy metabolic rate

15

What food sources have iodine

Red meat seafood and cereals

16

What is the excess of an deficiency of iodine

The excess is weight gain and deficiency is swelling of the thyroid glands

17

What does phosphorus do

Maintaining bones and teeth and releasing energy from food

18

What are the food sources of phosphorus

Read me diary foods fish poultry bread and brown rice

19

What is the deficiency and excess of phosphorus

The deficiency is very unlikely and the excess may lead to lower calcium levels which can cause bones to fracture