Vitamins Flashcards Preview

Food Preparation And Nutrition > Vitamins > Flashcards

Flashcards in Vitamins Deck (36)
Loading flashcards...
1

What are the two groups of vitamins

Fat soluble and water soluble

2

What are the fat soluble vitamins

ADEK

3

What are the water soluble vitamins

BC

4

What are the two types of vitamin a

Retinol and beta carotene

5

What are the functions of vitamin a

Growth and development
healthy skin
good vision in dim light
protection

6

What is the deficiency and excess consumption vitamin a

deficiency of night blindness and excess and cause food poisoning

7

What is vitamin d provided by

Sunlight on the skin whole milk, butter, liver, oily fish and eggs

8

What does vitamin d help the body absorb

Calcium

9

What is the deficiencys in vitamin a

Rickets and osteomalacia
Rickets as when bones are soft and they can bend and bow
Osteo Malacca is when they are tender and painful

10

What is vitamin e found in

Sunflower oil, olive oil, soya, cereals, nuts, eggs

11

What is vitamin e needed for

The formation of red blood cells
protecting the body

12

What is the excess consumption and deficiency of vitamin e

Deficiency is rare
Excess vitamin d causes a loss of appetite

13

What is vitamin k found in

Green beans, broccoli, spinach, vegetable oils, and cereals

14

What are the functions of vitamin k

Hopes to make blood clot
Maintain bone health

15

What is the deficiency of vitamin k

Very rare that is made in the body
Easy bruising, easy bleeding, blood taking longer to clot

16

What is the function of vitamin b1 (thiamin)

To release energy from food

17

What are sources of vitamin b1

Milk bread eggs and peas

18

What is the effect of excess and deficiency of vitamin b1

Effective access is rare and effective efficiency is a disease called beriberi a muscle wasting disease

19

What is the function of vitamin B2 (riboflavin)

Release energy from food keeps eyes skin and the nervous system healthy

20

What are the food sources of vitamin B2

Chicken eggs milk fish and leafy vegetables

21

What is the effect of efficiency and excess of vitamin B2

Effect of deficiency is rare that may cause skin problems such as cracked lips and effective access and reported

22

What is the function of vitamin b3 (niacin)

Release energy from food keep skin and nervous system healthy

23

What are food sources of vitamin b3

Meat fish flour eggs and milk

24

What is the effect of excess and deficiency of vitamin b3

Excess can cause liver damage and deficiency can cause pellagra symptoms of pellagra are dermatitis dementia and diarrhoea (3 D's)

25

What is the function of vitamin b6 (folic)

Reduced birth defects in unborn babies and to form healthy red blood cells

26

What are food sources of vitamin b6

Fortified breakfast cereals broccoli brussel sprouts and chickpeas

27

What is the effect of excess and deficiency of vitamin b6

Effect has no harmful side effects and deficiency prevents spina bifida in unborn babies

28

What is the function of vitamin b12

Maintains nerve cells makes red blood cells and releases energy from food

29

What food sources give vitamin b12

Meat eggs milk salmon and fortified breakfast cereals

30

What is the excess and deficiency of vitamin b12

There is no known excess and deficiency causes perincious anaemia