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Flashcards in Nutrients Deck (28)
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1

What are carbohydrates

An energy source made by plants during photosynthesis

2

What are carbohydrates functions

Energy source and protein sporer

3

What have higher intakes of free sugar been linked to

Obesity and tooth decay

4

What are single sugars called

Monosaccharides

5

What are double sugars called

Disaccharides

6

What are sugars the simplest form of

Carbohydrates

7

Name 5 free sugars

Castor. Granulated. Treacle. Golden syrup. Demerara. Icing sugar.

8

What are the two different types of nutrients

Macronutrients and micronutrients

9

What are the three macronutrients essential for health

Carbohydrate and protien and fat

10

What are the two types of micronutrients

Vitamins and minerals

11

What is protein needed for

Growth of body cells and tissue
repair and maintenance of all body tissue providing a secondary source of energy

12

What is a protein made of

A long chain of amino acids

13

What are essential amino acids

Amino acids that can only be obtained from food

14

What does lbv mean

Low biological value which means they like one of the essential amino acids

15

What are lbv protein supplied by

Buy plant foods
beans
pulses
nuts
seeds
Cereals

16

What happens when two lbv proteins are eaten together

The food becomes higher in biological value and examples of this are beans on toast... Hummus and pita bread... rice and peas

17

What is kwashiorkor

Deficiency disease caused by lack of protein symptoms include
poor growth rates
hair loss
and infections

18

What happens if you don't use extra protein that's been consumed

It will be stored as fat which can lead to weight gain

19

Name the two complex carbohydrates

Fibre and starches

20

What are free sugars

Sugars that are added to food or found outside the cell structure

21

Where does 50% of total food energy come from

Carbohydrates and no more than 5% from free sugars

22

Name three free sugars

Corn sugar/ dextrose / fructose /glucose / maltose/ molasses / invert sugar

23

What does soluble fibre do

Keeps you full up

24

What does insoluble fibre do

Helps you go to the toilet

25

What are oils and fats at room temperature

An oil is a liquid and a fat as a solid

26

What is dripping

Animal fats that come from cows

27

What are the functions of fats

Making body cells
keeping the body warm
protecting acting kidneys
providing the fat soluble vitamins adek
providing the essential fatty acids

28

What does mono saturated and poly saturated fat mean

Mono saturated fats have a double bond and a poly saturated fat has two or more double bonds