Mod 35 Individual Taxation Pt. 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Mod 35 Individual Taxation Pt. 2 Deck (141):
1

Material participation vs. active participation

Material participation involves more hours than active participation

2

NOL may be carried back...

Carried forward...

Carried back 2 years

And carried forward 20 years

3

An NOL carryback is first made...

To second preceding year

4

Taxpayer may elect for NOL...

Not to carry back, only to carry forward 20 years

5

Losses and credits from passive activities may generally only be used...

Offset income from passive activities

6

Passive losses may not be used to offset...2

1 active income

2 portfolio income

7

3 examples of active income

1 wages

2 salaries

3 professional fees

8

4 examples of portfolio income

1 interest
2 dividends
3 annuities
4 royalties

9

Passive income:

Loss from partnership which individual does not participate in may be offset against...

Income from limited partnership

10

Losses and credits from passive activities apply to...5

1 individuals
2 estates
3 trusts
4 closely held C corporations
5 personal service corporations

11

Closely held C corporations, distinguishing characteristic

1 five or fewer shareholders owning more than 50% of stock

12

Personal service corporation is an incorporated service business with...

More than 10% of its stock owned by shareholder employees

13

Passive activity is 3

1 trade or business where taxpayer doesn't materially participate

2 rental activity

3 limited partnership interest

14

If there is insufficient passive activity income to absorb passive activity losses...

Excess losses are carried forward indefinitely

15

If there is insufficient passive activity income in subsequent years to fully absorb the loss carry forwards, the unused losses from passive activity may be deducted when...2

1 Activity that gave rise to unused losses is disposed of

2 in fully taxable transaction

16

Rental activity, special rule permits

Individual to offset $25,000 of income that is not from passive
activities

by losses or credits from rental real estate if actively participates
In rental real estate activity

17

Rental activity, the $25,000 is phased out

By 50% AGI in excess of $100,000

18

AGI is computed for phase out of $25,000 of income that is not from passive activities before including...1
Deducting 1
Excluding 1

1 including taxable social security

2 deducting IRA contributions

3 exclusion of interest of series EE bonds used for higher education

19

What does MACRS stand for?

Modified Accelerated Cost Recovery System

20

MACRS is mandatory for most property...

Placed in service after 1986

21

MACRS:

Salvage value is...

Completely ignored under MACRS

22

MACRS:

The method of cost recovery and the recovery period are...

The same for both new and used property

23

MACRS:

5 year, 200% class applies to...4

1 computers
2 equipment
3 machinery
4 cars + trucks

24

MACRS:

7-year, 200% class, applies to...

Furniture and fixtures

25

MACRS:

27.5 year, straight line class includes...

Residential rental property

26

Residential rental property depreciated over 27.5 years straight line is building or structure with...

80% or more of its rental income from dwelling units

27

MACRS:

39 year, straight line class includes...2

1 Non residential property or

2 class life of less than 27.5 years

28

Averaging convention

Compute depreciation in first year or year disposed

29

MACRS:

Personal property is treated as placed in service or disposed of at...

Midpoint in year, resulting in half year depreciation

30

MACRS:

Mid quarter convention must be used if...

More than 40% of all personal property is placed in service during
Last quarter of taxpayer's taxable year

31

MACRS:

Real property is treated as placed in service or disposed of...

In middle of month (half month depreciation)

32

Bonus (additional first year) depreciation is equal to...

50% of adjusted basis of qualified property

33

Bonus (additional first year) depreciation:

Qualifying property is property acquired after...

December 31, 2007 and placed in service before 2014 or 2015

34

Bonus (additional first year) depreciation:

Qualified property includes new MACRS property with a...

Recovery period of 20 years or less

35

Bonus (additional first year) depreciation:

Qualified property includes we MACRS property and 3 other things

1 tangible personal property

2 off shelf computer software

3 qualified leasehold property

36

Bonus (additional first year) depreciation:

Original use of qualified property must...2

1 begin with taxpayer and

2 property's business use must exceed 50%

37

Bonus depreciation is computed before...

2) but after...

Before MACRS depreciation

2) after amount expensed under Sec. 179

38

Bonus (additional first year) depreciation:

There is no...

No annual dollar limit on amount of bonus depreciation that can be
Taken

39

2 situations where NOLs occur

1 loss on schedule C (sole proprietor)

3 casualty loss on schedule A

40

Bonus depreciation is not affected by...2

1 short tax year or

2 date during year property was placed in service

41

Bonus depreciation deduction and regular MACRS on bonus depreciation property are...

Allowed in full for AMT purposes

42

Leaseholds are depreciated...

Over 15 years using straight line method

43

Self employment tax is on...2

1 social security

2 Medicare

44

Self employment tax is computed on what form?

Schedule S/E

45

A self employed individual has 2 choices for medical insurance premiums

1 deduct 100% medical insurance premiums to arrive at AGI

2 can subtract medical insurance premiums in computing self employment tax

46

IRAs:

You can have...

2) what is the max contribution to both?

Both traditional and Roth

2) $5,500 or $6,500

47

Can contribute to Roth IRA as long as...

Person is alive

48

If you roll over a traditional IRA into a Roth...2

1 contributed deductibles and earnings are taxable

2 no 10% penalty

49

What date is an individual required to open and fund a 2014 IRA by?

4/15/15

50

Leasehold improvement costs made by lessee generally must be recovered over the...

MACRS recovery period of underlying property without regard to
Lease term

51

Qualified leasehold improvement property includes improvements to qualified...3

1 nonresidential real property

2 restaurant property

3 retail improvement property

52

Leasehold improvements are depreciated over a 15 year period using the straight line depreciation and...2

1 half year convention or

2 mid quarter convention

53

Upon expiration of a lease, any unrecovered adjusted basis in abandoned leasehold improvements is...

Treated as a loss

54

Sec. 179 expense election, in which taxpayer may elect to...2

1 Treat cost of qualifying depreciable property as expense

2 rather than a capital expenditure

55

Sec. 179 expense applies to...2

1 Tangible personal property acquired by purchase from an
unrelated party

2 not real estate

56

Sec. 179 expense election:

The maximum cost that can be annually expensed is...

2) reduced dollar for dollar for...

$500,000

2) amounts exceeding $2 million

57

Business start up costs 4 examples

1 survey of potential markets
2 expenses of securing prospective distributors/suppliers
3 advertising
4 employee training

58

Business start up costs are deductible in year paid or incurred if...

Taxpayer is currently in similar line of business as start up business

59

If not in similar line of business and new business is not acquired by taxpayer...

Start up costs are not deductible

60

If not in similar line of business and new business is acquired by taxpayer...

Start up costs must be capitalized

61

Amortization:

For startup costs a tax payer may elect to...

Deduct up to $5,000 in year business begins

62

Deduction of $5,000 for business startup costs is phased out...

Dollar for dollar if startup costs exceed $50,000

63

For startup business costs, the remaining expenditures, after the $5,000 deduction, are...2

1 Deducted ratably over 180 month period

2 starting in first month business begins

64

Research and experimental expenses may be amortized...

Over 60 months or more

65

Research and experimental expenses may be amortized. Alternatively they may be...2

1 Expensed at election of taxpayer

2 if done so for year such expenses are first incurred and paid

66

Intangible assets for which the Cod does not specifically provide for amortization are...

Amortizable over their useful lives

67

Most acquired intangible assets are to be amortized over a...

15 year period, beginning month it is acquired

68

Section 197 applies to most intangibles acquired either in...2

1 stand alone transactions or

2 as part of acquisition of trade or business

69

An amortizable sec. 197 intangible is any qualifying intangible asset which is acquired by taxpayer and which is...

Held in connection with conduct of trade or business

70

Qualifying intangibles include...5

1 goodwill
2 government licenses and permits
3 franchises
4 trademarks
5 trade names

71

Certain assets qualify as Sec. 197 intangibles only if acquired in connection with the acquisition of a trade or business. These include...

Covenants not to compete

72

Above the line deductions

Taken from gross income to determine adjusted gross income

73

A self employed individual can deduct...

Deduct 50% of self-employment taxes in arriving at AGI

74

Self employed individual can deduct 100% of...

Premiums for medical insurance

75

Self employed individual can deduct 100% of of the premiums for medical insurance for the...4

1 individual
2 spouse
3 dependents
4 child under age 27 at close of tax year

76

Deduction for medical insurance premiums can also be...

Subtracted in computing individual's self employment tax

77

Moving expenses, distance from former residence and new job must be...

At least 50 miles

78

Following a move, the employee must be employed at least...

39 weeks out of 12 months following the move

79

Maximum deduction for individual's contribution to IRA in 2013

$5,500

80

For married taxpayers filing a joint return put to $5,500 can be deducted for contributions to IRA of...2

1 each spouse, even if one spouse isn't working

2 provided combined earned income of each spouse is at least
amount contributed to IRA

81

IRA catch up contributions

Individual age 50 or over can contribute and deduct an extra
$1,000 to IRAs/yr.

$6,500

82

IRA penalty

10% penalty on early withdrawals before 59.5 years old

83

10% penalty does not apply to amounts withdrawn for...4

1 qualified higher education expenses
2 first time home buyer expenses ($10K limit)
3 distributions to unemployed for health insurance premiums
4 distributions where medical expenses exceed 7.5% of AGI

84

Contributions to Roth IRA are...

Not deductible

85

Eligibility for a Roth IRA

There are threshold limitations for AGI

86

Traditional IRA contributions can't be made after...

Age 70.5

87

Qualified distributions from Roth IRA are...

1 not included in gross income

2 not subject to 10% early withdrawal penalty

88

Qualified distribution from Roth IRA is a distribution that is made...

After 5 year period beginning with first tax year contribution was
made

89

Qualified distribution of Roth IRA, 4 possible ones

1 after age 59.5
2 beneficiary after individuals death
3 after individual becomes disabled
4 first time home buyer (spouse, children, grandchildren up to 10K)

90

For tax year beginning before 2010, tax payers with AGI of less than $100,000 could convert assets in traditional IRAs to roths without...

2) Although the deemed...

Paying 10% tax on withdrawals

2) distribution of IRA assets is included in income

91

For IRAs (traditional and Roth) For tax years beginning after December 31, 2009, the...

AGI and filing status limitations are eliminated

92

For IRAs (traditional and Roth) For tax years beginning after December 31, 2009, the AGI and filing status limitations are eliminated, allowing...

Higher income tax payers to convert traditional IRAs to Roths

93

Self-employed are either...2

1 individual who files schedule C or

2 general partner

94

Limited partner is considered...

An investor (not self-employed)

95

Self-employed:

Keogh plan is a retirement plan where...2

1 contributions are limited

2 contributions are deducted

96

A loan to a related party to pay for eduction is...

Not a qualified education loan

97

Deductible medical expenses:

1 insurance premiums

2 policy for dental

3 prescription drugs

98

Accident and disability premiums are...

Not deductible

99

Cosmetic surgery is usually not deductible, what are 2 conditions to make it deductible?

1 correct a defect from an accident

2 paid out of pocket

100

If you don't have income subject to state withholding then...

You must pay estimated payments

101

You can deduct estimated state cash payments made in what time period?

Made within the tax year

102

Foreign real estate taxes are deductible as long as...

U.S. had a treaty with that country

103

A Coverdell Education Savings Account is...2

1 An education IRA

2 for elementary, secondary and post secondary education

104

Contributions can be made to a Coverdale Education Savings Account of up to...2

1 $2,000 per beneficiary

2 until beneficiary reaches age 18

105

Coverdell Education Savings Account:

Contributions and withdrawals

Contributions not deductible

Withdrawals to pay cost of education are tax free

106

Coverdell Education Savings Account:

Any earnings of an education IRA that are not used to pay a beneficiary's education expenses must...2

1 be included in distributee's gross income and

2 are subject to 10% penalty tax

107

Coverdell Education Savings Account:

Eligibility is...

Phased out to high AGI

108

Simplified employee pension plan (SEP) 2

1 deductible to arrive at AGI

2 employees don't need to file for this plan

109

Savings incentive match plan for employees (SIMPLE) 2

1 contributed by self-employed

2 deductible to arrive at AGI

110

Deduction for interest on eduction loans, how long can you deduct?

Can deduct interest as long as loan exists

111

For qualified education loans an individual can deduct interest up to...

$2,500

112

Deduction for interest on qualified education loans is not available if...

Individual is claimed as dependent on another taxpayer's return

113

Qualified education loan is any debt incurred to pay for the qualified higher education expenses of...2

1 the taxpayer, spouse or dependents

2 must relate to period student was enrolled at least half time basis

114

Qualified education expenses include...4

1 tuition
2 fees
3 room
4 board

115

Deduction for interest on education loans is...

Phased out

116

For 2007 through 2013, individuals are allowed to...

Deduct higher education expenses in arriving at AGI

117

Qualified tuition and related expenses applies to tuition and fees, not...

Not text book expenses

118

Qualified tuition and related expenses means tuition and fees required for...

Enrollment of taxpayer, taxpayer's spouse, dependent at post secondary institution

119

If a taxpayer takes an American Opportunity credit or lifetime learning credit with respect to a student, the qualified higher education expenses of that student for the year are...

Not deductible

120

Penalties for premature withdrawals from time deposits

Penalty paid to bank is tax deductible

121

Alimony or separate maintenance payments are...

Deducted above the line

122

Jury duty pay...

Remitted to employer is deductible to arrive at AGI

123

Costs involving discrimination suits:

What is deductible on behalf of an individual in connection with any action involving claim of unlawful discrimination (age, sex, race)?

Attorneys fees and court costs are deductible to arrive at AGI

124

Costs involving discrimination suits:

The amount of deduction is limited to...

Amount of settlement/judgement included in gross income for year

125

Expenses of elementary school teachers

U reimbursed paid out of pocket for supplies up to $250

126

Medical and dental expenses paid by tax payer for himself, spouse or dependent are deductible in year of payment if...

Not reimbursed by insurance or employer

127

Removal of structural barriers

Deductible expenses for physically handicapped individuals

128

Deductible medical expenses:

Fees for...3

Doctors, dentists, psychiatrists, etc.

129

Deductible medical expenses:

Meals and lodging 2

1 meals and lodging provided by hospital during medical treatment

2 provided during treatment for drug/alcohol addiction

130

Deductible medical expenses:

Medical + hospital...

Insurance premiums

131

Deductible medical expenses:

Prescribed...

Medicines and insulin

132

Deductible medical expenses:

Transportation for...

Needed medical care

133

Deductible medical expenses:

Special items and equipment including...2

Crutches, motorized wheelchair, etc.

134

Items not deductible for medical expenses...4

1 bottled water
2 maternity cloths
3 diaper service
4 funeral + burial service

135

Income taxes that are deductible

1 state

2 local

3 foreign

136

Income tax that is not deductible...

Federal

137

In states with no state tax, you can deduct...2

1 Sales tax from receipts or IRS tables

2 can deduct sales tax from purchase of boat or motor vehicle in
Addition to tables

138

Real property taxes are deductible for...3

1 State

2 local

3 foreign

139

For real property taxes to be deductible you must...2

1 own property

2 pay real estate taxes

140

Personal property, which are deductible?2

1 state and local deductible

2 foreign is not deductible

141

If personal property taxes are based on...

Weight, they are deductible

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