Mod 35: Individual Taxation Pt. 4 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Mod 35: Individual Taxation Pt. 4 Deck (117):
1

AMT has its own...

Foreign tax credit

2

You owe AMT if it is greater than...

Regular tax liability - foreign tax credit

3

Refundable tax credit

Get refund even if you didn't owe any tax liability

4

Earned income credit is...

A refundable credit

5

AMT tax credit does not...

Does not reduce AMT taxes

6

If not an adjustment or preference item is...

Deductible for AMT

7

Charitable contributions are...

Deducted for both AMT and regular taxes

8

LT capital gains is...

Not a preference or adjustment for AMT

9

AMT computation 6 steps

1 regular taxable income
+/- adjustments + tax preferences
2 = Alternative minimum taxable income
- exemption amount
3 = alternative minimum tax base
X 26% or 28%
4 = Tentative before foreign tax credit
- AMT foreign tax credit
5 = Tentative minimum tax
- Regular tax liability
6 = AMT if positive

10

In the calculation of AMT, the alternative minimum tax base is multiplied by 26% or 28% unless...

Reduced rates for Qualified dividends and capital gains

11

In the calculation of AMT, regular tax liability (which is subtracted in 5th step from tentative minimum tax). The regular tax liability is...

Reduced by regular foreign tax credit

12

AMT adjustments:

Real property 2

1 Placed in service after 1986 and before 1999

2 difference between regular tax depreciation and straight line depreciation over 40 years

13

The current MACRS rates on depreciation after 1999

27.5 years or 39 years

14

AMT adjustments:

Personal property placed in service after 1986...2

1 Difference between regular tax depreciation = 200% declining
balance method

2 And depreciation using 150% declining balance method

15

AMT adjustments:

Excess of stock's FMV over...

Amount paid upon exercise of incentive stock options

16

Excess of stock's FMV over amount paid upon exercise of incentive stock options, is...

Income for AMT, but not for regular taxes

17

AMT adjustments:

Medical expense deduction

1 Computed using 10% floor

2 must recompute adjustment if used 7.5% for regular taxes

18

AMT adjustments:

Home equity loan

add back as adjustment if used for reason other than home improvements

19

AMT adjustments:

No deduction is allowed for (must add to AMT as an adjustment)...4

1 personal
2 state
3 local or
4 property taxes

20

AMT adjustments:

Miscellaneous deductions...

Subject to 2% floor are added back as adjustment

21

AMT adjustments:

Long term contracts 2

1 Must use percentage completion method

2 add back excess income of percentage completion method over
The completed contract method

22

AMT Preference items:

Tax exempt interest on private activity bonds...2

1 Added back as preference

2 unless issued in 2009 or 2010

23

Under AMT:

Preferences are...

Adjustments are...

Preferences always +'s

Adjustments are +'s and -'s

24

AMT Preference items:

Accelerated depreciation...

On real property and leased property placed into service before
1987

25

AMT Preference items:

Excess of accelerated depreciation...

Over straight line

26

What was the name for accelerated depreciation of property placed in use prior to 1987?

ACRS

27

AMT:

Tax credits are generally...

1 Allowed to reduce regular tax liability

2 only to extent regular tax liability exceeds tentative tax liability

28

AMT:

All nonrefundable personal credits are...

Offset both regular tax liability and alternative minimum tax

29

AMT:

Minimum tax credit

Amount of AMT paid net of exclusion preferences

30

AMT:

Minimum tax credit is allowed as...

Credit against regular tax liability in future years

31

AMT tax credit 2 requirements

1 credit can be carried forward indefinitely, but can't be carried back

2 can only be used to reduce regular tax liability not AMT liability

32

With the child tax credit, a portion of it...2

1 Is refundable

2 the other portion is nonrefundable

33

Self employment tax is imposed on individuals who work for themselves. These include individuals that are...3

1 sole proprietors

2 independent contractors

3 general partners

34

Interest income goes on...

Schedule B

35

Charitable contributions go on...

Schedule A

36

Rental income goes on...

Schedule E

37

Self employment tax deductibility

Partially deductible from gross income in arriving at AGI

38

Self employment tax is...

Social security for self-employed individuals

39

There is no tax if self-employment earnings are...

Less than $400

40

Individuals normally deduct what percentage of self employment tax?

Deduct 50% total self-employment tax for AGI

41

Child and Dependent Care Credit:

The credit may vary from...

20%-35% of amount paid for qualifying household

42

Child and Dependent Care Credit eligibility requirement:

applies to dependent care expenses incurred to...

Enable taxpayer to be gainfully employed or look for work

43

Child and Dependent Care Credit:

Eligibility requirement, married tax payer

Married taxpayer must file joint return

44

Child and Dependent Care Credit:

Eligibility requirement, if divorced or separated...

Credit available to parent having custody for longer time during the
year

45

Child and Dependent Care Credit:

Eligibility require,net, a qualifying individual must have...

The same principal place of abode as taxpayer for more than 1/2
Of tax year

46

Child and Dependent Care Credit:

Qualifying individual 2

1 taxpayer's qualifying child under age 13

2 dependent or spouse who is physically or mentally incapable of
self-care

47

Child and Dependent Care Credit:

Qualifying expenses, are expenses incurred for...2

1 care of qualifying individual and

2 household services that partly care for qualifying individual
To enable taxpayer to look for work/work

48

Child and Dependent Care Credit:

Maximum amount of expenses that qualify for credit is least of...2

1 actual expenses incurred or

2 $3,000 for one, $6,000 for two or more qualifying individuals

49

Earned income credit is a...

Refundable tax credit for eligible low income workers

50

What would qualify you for an earned income credit?

Qualifying child would qualify you

51

Foreign tax credit:

Foreign income taxes on US taxpayer's can either be...2

1 deducted or

2 used as credit by taxpayer each year

52

Child tax credit:

The amount of the credit is...

$1,000 per qualifying child

53

Child tax credit (CTC):

A qualifying child is a U.S. citizen or resident who is the taxpayer's child, eligible foster child, stepchild, step-sibling or descendent who is...

Is less than 17yrs old at end of calendar year

54

A child tax credit is subject to...

Phase out

55

American Opportunity Credit

For first 4 years of postsecondary school program

56

American Opportunity credit can be used towards...4

1 qualified tuition, fees, books

2 can't be used towards room and board

57

40% of the American Opportunity credit is...

Refundable

The remaining balance is nonrefundable

58

For tax year, the tax payer can choose between...2

1 The American Opportunity Credit (AOC) credit
or lifetime learning credit

2 can't use both

59

Lifetime Learning credit is a...

Nonrefundable 20% tax credit available up to $10,00 qualified tuition

60

Lifetime learning credit can be claimed...

Unlimited number of years

61

Both Lifetime Learning credit and AOC credit are subject to...

Phase out

62

For both lifetime leaning and AOC credit, if a student is claimed as a dependent of another taxpayer...

Only the taxpayer may claim education credit for student's qualified tuition and related expenses

63

An individual whose regular and alternative minimum tax liability is not sufficiently covered by withholding on wages must...2

1 Pay estimated tax in quarterly installments

2 or be subject to penalty

64

For 2013, individuals (other than high income individuals) will incur no penalty if the: amount of tax withheld + estimated payments

Are at least equal to the lesser of...2

1 90% of current year's tax or

2 100% of prior year's tax

65

For 2013, individuals (other than high income individuals) will incur no penalty if the: amount of tax withheld + estimated payments

When 100% of prior year's tax is used, if you had no tax...

You don't need to make estimated payments

66

For 2013, high income taxpayers (AGI over $150,000) will incur no penalty if the: amount of tax withheld + estimated payments

Are at least equal to the lesser of...2

1 90% of current year's tax or

2 110% of prior year's tax

67

Estimated tax payments:

Generally no penalty if...3

1 total tax due is under $1,000

2 taxpayer had no liability for prior year

3 IRS waives penalty because failure to pay is result of casualty
Or disaster

68

An automatic six month extension of time for filing the return can be obtained by...2

1 filing form 4868 and

2 paying estimated tax due

69

Taxpayer may begin tax litigation in any...3 courts

1 U.S. Tax Court

2 U.S. district courts or

3 U.S. court of federal claims

70

Tax court 2

1 court of national jurisdiction

2 hears only tax cases

71

Although a jury trial is not available, a major advantage of Tax Court is that...

Tax does not have to be paid before taxpayer goes to court

72

Tax Court issues regular and memo decisions which both can be used as...

Precedent

73

The IRS has adopted an acquiescence policy for regular Tax Court decision that?..

It loses

74

Acquiescence indicates that the IRS will...

Follow decision in future situation involving similar facts/issues

75

Non Acquiescence indicates that IRS will...

Not follow previous court decision and

Is expected to litigate

76

Decisions of Tax Court are appealed to...

U.S. Court of Appeals

77

Golsen Rule

Tax court will follow law of circuit to which case is appealable

78

A taxpayer may take a case to the Small Tax Case Division if the disputed amount does not exceed...

Small Tax Case Division decisions are...

$50,000

Binding

79

Each state has at least 1 U.S. district court which is independent of other district courts. District courts adjudicate...

All types of cases, not just tax cases

80

District court is the only court in which...

A jury trial is available

81

Unlike a proceeding in the Tax Court, taxpayer's must first pay tax and then...

File suit in district court for refund

82

Decisions of district court are appealed to...

U.S. Court of Appeals

83

The losing party in U.S. Court of appeals may...

Appeal to US Supreme Court

84

U.S. Supreme Court normally hears tax cases only if they involve...

Conflict regarding treatment of an item between circuits of the
Appeals courts

85

Decisions of Supreme Court are the law of the land and take...

Precedence over all other court decisions

86

Normal period for assessment of tax deficiency is the later of...

1 three years after due date of return or

2 three years after return is filed

87

Assessment period is extended to 6 years if...

Gross income omission exceed 25% of gross income stated on
The return

88

There is no time limit for assessment if...3

1 no return is filed

2 return is fraudulent

3 there is willful attempt to evade taxes

89

Income tax refund claims are made on form...

Form 1040X

90

Refund claim must be filed within the later of...2

1 within 3 years from date return was filed or

2 two years from payment of tax

91

If return is filed before due date, the return is treated as...

Filed on due date

92

The 3 year period for claims of refunds is extended to 7 year period under the Statute of Limitations for claims resulting from...

1 business bad debts

2 worthless securities

93

If IRS fails to act on refund claim within 6 months, the taxpayer may...

Treat refund claim as disallowed

94

Life time learning credit is not available on a per student basis, it's available on a...

Per taxpayer basis

95

If understate gross income by 25%, the statute of limitations...

Extends from 3 years to 6 years

96

Form 1045 is for

Net operating loss carryback

97

To claim refund for erroneously paid income taxes use form...

Form 1040X

98

Form 843 is used for...

Getting refund from withholding of taxes

99

Taxpayer penalties may be imposed for...3

1 late filing

2 failure to file

3 late payment of tax

100

Tax payer penalties:

Late filing or failure to file penalty

5% of net tax due per month (up to 25%)

101

Tax payer penalties:

Late payment of tax penalty is...

0.5% of net tax due per month (up to 25%)

102

Tax payer penalties:

For returns not filed within 60 days of due date (including extensions), the IRS may assess a minimum late filing penalty which is the lesser of...

$100 or amount of net tax due

103

Tax payer penalties, accuracy related penalty of 20% of underpayment applies if under payment of tax is attributable to:

Negligence or...

Disregard of rules and regulations

104

Tax payer penalties, accuracy related penalty of 20% of underpayment applies if under payment of tax is attributable to:

Any substantial understatement of...

Income tax

105

Tax payer penalties, accuracy related penalty of 20% of underpayment applies if under payment of tax is attributable to:

Any substantial valuation...

Valuation overstatement

106

Tax payer penalties, accuracy related penalty of 20% of underpayment applies if under payment of tax is attributable to:

Any substantial overstatement of...

Pension liabilities

107

Tax payer penalties, accuracy related penalty of 20% of underpayment applies if under payment of tax is attributable to:

Any substantial gift or...

Estate tax valuation understatement

108

Tax payer penalties:

Accuracy related penalty does not apply if...

Underpayment is due to reasonable cause

109

Tax payer penalties:

Substantial understatement of income tax penalty applies if understatement exceeds the greater of...2

1 10% of tax due or

2 $5,000 ($10,000 for most corporations)

110

Substantial understatement income tax penalty can be avoided if...2

1 adequate disclosure of position has reasonable basis or

2 substantial authority of position taken

111

Substantial valuation misstatement penalty may be imposed if the value (or adjusted basis) of property stated on return is...

150% or more of amount determined to be correct

112

Substantial overstatement of pension liabilities penalty applies if amount of stated pension liabilities is...

200% or more of amount determined to be correct

113

Gift or estate tax valuation misstatement penalty applies if the value on gift or estate tax property is...

50% or less of amount determined to be correct

114

Separate accuracy related penalty on tax shelter transactions 2

1 30% of tax understatement if failure to disclose

2 20% of tax understatement if disclose

115

Separate accuracy related penalty on tax shelter transactions, the penalty may be waived for...

Reasonable cause if tax payer made accurate disclosure

116

Civil fraud penalty

75% of underpayment attributable to fraud

117

Does the accuracy related penalty apply to portion of underpayment subject to fraud penalty?

No

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