Models of health behaviour change Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Models of health behaviour change Deck (27)
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1
Q

what is primary prevention

A

actions taken to avoid disease or injury

2
Q

what is secondary prevention

A

actions taken to identify and treat illness or injury early on with gaol to stop or reverse problem

3
Q

what is tertiary prevention

A

actions take to contain and slow damage, prevent disability or recurrence

4
Q

what factors influence consistency and engagement in healthy behaviours vs unhealthy behaviours

A

perception of threat of disease, value in behavior reducing threat, attractiveness of unhealthy behaviours

5
Q

what does the health belief model suggest about engagement with healthy behaviours

A

suggests that likelihood someone will engage in healthy behaviours and preventive action depends on subjective beliefs rather than objective risk

6
Q

what are the appraisals of whether to engage in health change suggested by the health belief model

A
  • threat of disease (perceived susceptibility,
    perceived severity),
  • evaluation of treatment / prevention behaviours (perceived benefits, perceived barriers)
  • cues to action
7
Q

what is the theory of planned behaviour

A

first forming an intention about maintaining behavior = best predictor of behavior

8
Q

what are the 3 factors influencing intention creation

A

attitude (is it good to do these, will it be pleasant)
social norms
perceived behavioural control (self-efficacy)

9
Q

what are descriptive social norms

A

do they think others are engaging in this behavior

10
Q

what are injunctive social norms

A

do they think people close to them would approve of the behavior / internalization of moral rules involving self-approval

11
Q

limitations of the theory of planned behavior

A

does not take into account that past behavior is the best predictor for future behaviour

12
Q

what is the social cognition theory

A

suggests that the two main drivers of health behavior is (1) self-efficacy (2) outcome expectancies

13
Q

what are personal factors influencing ones view of their own self-efficacy

A

mastery experience
Vicarious experience (what they have seen others experience)
verbal persuasion
physiological arousal

14
Q

what were the results of the smoking cessation intervention study (told they were chosen because they had strong will power or not told anything)

A

in will power group 67% stopped smoking vs only 28% in control group

15
Q

what is the COM-B model

A

suggests behavior is impacts by 3 factors (1) capability (2) opportunity (3) motivation

16
Q

what are the intervention steps according to the COM-B model

A

(1) specific problem behavior (2) identify target behaviours (3) select intervention functions

17
Q

what is the health action process approach

A

suggest health behavior change is split into 2 phases,(1) motivation where the key driver is intention, and (2) volition

18
Q

what influences the motivational phase of health action process approach

A

action self-efficacy, outcome expectancy, risk perception

19
Q

what is the transtheoretical model of change

A

suggests change goes through a pre contemplative stage (don’t see value in term of change) to thinking, preparation and action and if one can maintain these actions of change, can reach stable improved lifestyle
MAINTENANCE IS BIGGEST CHALLENGE → no maintenance = relapse

20
Q

implications of the transtheoretical model of change

A

when someone is in the process of changing, must go through thinking, planning then action, never go straight to action

21
Q

what is motivational interviewing

A

client-centered, directive method for enhancing intrinsic motivation to change by exploring and resolving ambivalence

22
Q

what is the ask-tell-ask strategy

A

ask what they already know → tell them what you know (fill gaps) → ask what they think of the information

23
Q

what are strategies from breaking bad habits

A

cue avoidance, changing context where the habit occurred, vigilant monitoring, counterconditioning

24
Q

what is the smart approach for setting goals

A

Specific, Measurable, Attainable, Relevant, Time based

25
Q

what is mental contrasting

A

ontrast the imagined outcome of achieving the goal with the obstacles that might prevent achievement → helps better plan for achieving goal

26
Q

what is the behavioural chain

A

suggests several events are linked together to promote bad habits (ex. buy cookies –> leave on counter –> home on Saturday night –> bored –> watch TV–> urge to eat cookies)

27
Q

what is stimulus control

A

avoiding control cues associated with bad habits