Social relationships and social determinants of health Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Social relationships and social determinants of health Deck (14)
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1
Q

what are the 4 types of perceived support

A

(1) emotional
(2) instrumental / tangible (ex money)
(3) informational or appraisal
(4) belongingness

2
Q

what is received support

A

actual observable actions performed by others

3
Q

what is the buffering hypothesis

A

support may provide a buffer from the daily life stress that people experience, which in turn may protect them from illness

4
Q

what is the direct effect hypothesis

A

social support benefits health regardless of the amount of stress individuals are experiencing

5
Q

what is the matching hypothesis of social support

A

individuals benefit from the received type of social support that fits their particular problem. Stress from controllable events best counteracted with tangible support, uncontrollable events with emotional support

6
Q

what is loneliness

A

subjective feeling of lack of companionship due to a mismatch between the quantity and quality of the social relationships we have vs want

7
Q

what is the social stress prevention model

A

suggests social support may be helpful because it provides resources that help avoid or minimize exposure to stressful events in the first place

8
Q

what is invisible support

A

support that is not objectively perceivable as support, but is provided by being aware of others needed, and doing small things without being asked (such as a light touch that is responsive to needs without making the person feel less competent)

9
Q

what is positive social control

A

reminding, encouraging, persuading, modeling behavior

10
Q

what is negative social control

A

nagging, pressuring, inducing guilt

11
Q

what is autonomy support

A

environments that elicits, acknowledges and values autonomy, it is critical for establishing self-directed personally meaningful choices

12
Q

what is Bronfenbrenner ecological system theory

A

The theory suggests we have 4 social systems. The microsystem (family, peers, school), the mesosystem (connections between the microsystems and exosystem), the exosystem (neighbors, mass media, local politics) and the macrosystem (attitudes and ideologies of the culture) each influencing those systems around each other.

13
Q

what factors are used to measure socioeconomic status

A

education, income, and occupational prestige

14
Q

what are potential mechanisms linking SES and health

A

accesses to health care, living condition (neighborhood, traffic, safety, nearby facilities), working condition (exposure to chemicals, risk of injury), health related behaviours