Flashcards in Module 2, Choose Your Vocab Deck (25)
the study of the abstract categories that organize the sound system of a language, like individual speech sounds and the ways sounds are grouped together
a graphic representation of the frequency distribution of sound waves
the smallest and most basic unit of speech sounds. Signal a meaningful distinction between morphemes
the smallest element of language that carries meaning 'cat' 'happy'
a pair of words that differ in only one sound, but differ in meaning 'mat, met'
Sonority Sequencing Principle
principle where segments with different manners of articulation are arranged into syllables so that each syllable has a single peak of sonority
the relative 'loudness' of a speech sound. the 'auditory force'
assigning syllable structure to words
a member of a pair of sounds that are opposed or distinguished by a particular phonetic feature
the addition of one or more sounds to the interior of a word. Drawing/drawring.
the beginning of a syllable. it can be 0 consonant, 1 consonants, or a cluster of consonants
the final margin of a syllable consisting of one or more consonants
the peak of sonority in a syllable, typically a vowel
a sound produced with incomplete closure of the oral vocal tract
a type of transcription that includes articulatory details, such as allophones. it uses dicratic marks  instead of just virgiles //
in a particular context, contrasts between different phonemes are neutralizes. Ex: Mary and Mery in some dialect. Different phonemes that are now..not different
release of air that has been built up to make a consonant noise. type of allophone
a manner of articulation in which a sound is formed by a quick tapping movement of an articulator against a surface. flaps are allophones of stops
a manner of articulation in which the vocal tract is completely closed for some interval so that airflow ceases
an anatomic structure capable of movements that form the sounds of speech (tongue, lips, jaw, velopharynx)
a fricative noise generated as air escapes through partly adducted vocal folds and into the upper cavities. Pin
A manner of articulation in which a continuous noise is generated as air is channeled through a narrow articulatory constriction. Fish. Zip
the insertion of a vowel into a syllable
Maximal Onset Principle
Preferring to pronounce syllables with as many onsets as opposed to a coda 'tatatat' example