Flashcards in Language Acquisition Deck (42)
The sounds of a langauge
The sound patterns of a language
Rules of word formation
Howards combine into phrases and sentences
Innateness hypothesis or Nativist
The Innateness hypothesis argues that our ability to acquire language is innate. Children must be born with the capacity for language development.
Universal Grammar refers to the set of structural characteristics shared by all languages
Receptive language stage
Associating sounds with facial movements and learning word boundaries in speech (0-4 months).
Productive language stage
Babbling in multilingual sounds and gestures (4 months).
Sounds more like parents' or household's language (10 months).
One word stage
Understanding and beginning to say many nouns (12 months).
Two words stage
Adding verbs and making sentences but missing words (18-24 months).
Full sentences stage
Speaking and understanding complex sentences (24+ months).
Theoretical linguistics is the branch of linguistics that inquires into the nature of language or languages without regard for practical application
Children imitate what they hear. The theory is based on an empirical or behavioral approach
Children learn through positive and negative reinforcement. Very little evidence to support.
Claims that exposure to language develops and strengthens neural connections
Critical Period Hypothesis
There’s a critical time in development during which a language can be acquired like a native speaker
Sensitive Period Hypothesis
A period of development begins and ends gradually, but there is a maximum period of sensitivity.
social context in which language is
Children draw inferences about a word's meaning from what is being done as the word is used.
A distinctive mode of speech used in talking to infants and young children.
Language development occurs as the result of the gradual strengthening of connections that matter.
Arbitrary symbol used to refer to some thing
Dictionary of words
Words that are not meaningful by themselves but give structure to language (articles).
Words that infants understand
The way in which children quickly form an idea of the meaning of an unfamiliar word they hear in a familiar and highly structured social interaction.
the practice of alternating between two or more languages or varieties of language in conversation
LAD Language acquisition device
The hypothetical tool in the human brain that lets children learn and understand language quickly. Theory developed by Noam Chomski.