Phonetics Vocabulary Flashcards Preview

English 211, Introduction to Linguistics > Phonetics Vocabulary > Flashcards

Flashcards in Phonetics Vocabulary Deck (24)
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1

Automatism

The performance of actions without conscious thought or intention.

Forming words without actually thinking about it

2

Phonetics

The study and classification of speech sounds

3

Articulatory phonetics

Articulatory phonetics is a subficld of phonetics that studies the process of articulation..

4

Acoustic phonetics

The study of sound and how we hear it. Acoustic phonetics deals with the capturing and description of the speech signal as it is producedand perceived. It concentrates on the physical properties of the speech sounds themselves.

5

International phonetic alphabet (IPA)

A system of phonetic notation based primarily on the Latin alphabet. Each of phonetic symbol is associated with a particular sound.

6

Pulmonic egessive airstream mechanism

Sounds produced by breathing out

7

Vocal tract

This describes the entire passage above the larynx. This is where speech sounds are shaped. The vocal tract is divided into two main cavities.that provide resonating space,

8

Articulators

All parts of the vocal apparatus which are involved in speech production. Active articulatorsare parts that move (tongue, lips, and lower jaw). Passive articulatorscannot change their position. (, upper teeth, the hard palette )

9

Place of articulation

the point of closest constriction in the vocal tract as a criterion for the description and classification of consonants. The technical term for this is place of articulation

10

Bilabial

Sounds which are characterized by a constriction at the lips. involves both lips.

11

Alveolar

The place of articulation is the alveolar ridge [d]

12

Labio-dentals

Labio -dentals involve only the lower lip an additionally the upper teeth. An example is[f]

13

Dental, dental place of articulation

Lips don't play a role in production. These sounds are produced with the tongue immediately behind the upper front
teeth or even protruding between upper and lower front teeth, as in [θ]. Sometimes referred to as inter-dental.

14

Palate-alveolar

Palato-alveolar sounds, such as [ ʃ ], the constriction is between the hard palate
and the alveolar ridge, slightly further back than for alveolar sounds.

15

Palatial

The tongue is raised towards the hard palette, such as [j]

16

Velar sound

An obstruction of the velum. The [k] sound.

17

Glottal place of articulation

When the airstream is obstructed at the glottis. [h]

18

Plosives

Plosives describes a complete strip of the airflow followed by release. The basic plosives in English are t, k, and p (voiceless) and d, g, and b (voiced).

19

Fricatives

When the air passes through this slight opening, the result is audible friction,
a characteristic noise after which this class of consonants is named fricatives.
Among the English sounds, [f, v, θ, ð, s, z, ʃ, ʒ, h] are classified as fricatives.

20

Nasals

The velum is lowered, leaving an open passage from the oral to the nasal cavity, so that the air can escape through the nose. Only the three nasal consonants mentioned above: [m], [n] and [ŋ], which differ only in their place of articulation. O

21

Vocal cords or vocal folds

Two small muscular folds which are located at the lower end of the larynx. The opening between the vocal cords is called the glottis.

22

Voiceless sounds

When the vocal cords are apart the air can pass freely. No vibration of the vocal cords, like breathing out. [p, t, k, tʃ, f, θ, s, ʃ, h]

23

Rounded vs. unrounded

Rounded vowels are produced by rounding the lips.

24

Dipthongs

A sound formed by the combination of two vowels in a single syllable, in which the sound begins as one vowel and moves toward another (as in coin, loud, and side ).