Flashcards in Module 4 - Introduction to Psych Nursing Deck (129)
WHO: STATE OF WELLBEING in which the individual realizes his or her own abilities, can cope with life's normal stressors, can work productively and can make a contribution to society
Mental Health is the successful performance of what 4 mental functions
1. Results in Productivity
2. Fulfilling Relationships
3. Ability to adapt to change
4. Ability to cope with adversity, life's events
Mental health provides the capacity for what?
Elements of Mental Health
1. self governance ability to act independently, dependently, or interdependently without losing autonomy
2. progress toward growth or self realization
3. tolerance of the unknown - coping ability
4. reality orientation
5. master of environment
6. stress management
*some degree of variance exists but inability leads to mental illness
3 Areas that Influence/Drive Mental Health
Examples of Biologic Influence of Mental Health
prenatal, perinatal, and neonatal events
physical health status
history of injuries
Examples of Psychological Influence of Mental health
emotional developmental level
APA: Clinically significant disturbances in cognition, emotional regulation, or behavior that reflects a dysfunction in the physiological, biological, or developmental processes underlying mental dysfunction.
They are usually associated with distress or impaired functioning.
How can mental health be viewed?
as an illness continuum
it can be viewed on end points of a continuum with movement back and forth during life (like a pendulum swinging back and forth)
What are the 4 levels of Mental Health?
*All four of these impact your mental health on a continuum)
Can mental health and illness be used interchangeably?
NO they cannot be defined completely in terms of one another
Individuals and families are complex
Incidence and Prevalence of Mental Illness is ____
non-discriminatory (can happen to anyone at any time)
At any given time how many Americans could be diagnosed with mental illness 18 yo and older?
1 in 4 Adults
26% of 18+
57.7 Million Americans
How many with mental illness will never seek treatment?
A diagnosed mental disorder co-occurring with substance abuse problems
15% of adults with MI have this
___% of homeless people have schizophrenia or bipolar disorder
___ is the most often missed and under diagnosed mental health problem
What group has the highest depression leading to suicide rates?
What is the etiology for Mental illness?
IT is largely identified, and it is believed to be caused by complex interactions among genetics and environmental influences
A combination of biological and environmental factors with exact definitions unknown
What is the one common thread of mental illness etiology?
Many mental illnesses are undefined/we largely do not know the precise causes - individual aspects can play a big role in MI
The experience and consequences of Mental Illness are ...
much more complicated than a list of symptoms and diagnosis
___ ___ of mental illness are elusive
___ in and of itself is not sufficient to produce a mental illness
What are the 2 main diagnostic tools for classifying Mental Illness?
WHO’s Classification of Mental and Behavioral Disorders, ICD-10 international diagnostic standard for general epidemiological and many health management purposes monitoring and analysis of the general health of a population and the incidence and prevalence of diseases.
APA developed Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders ( DSM ) multi-axial classification system groups disorders by symptom clusters and differentiates between normality and psychopathology based on duration and severity of symptoms.
In 2015, the DSM V...
moved away from the multi-axial system to a more unified approach aimed at improving diagnostic care
5 Axis of DSM
Axis I - Clinical Disorder
Axis II - Personality Disorders and Mental Retardation
Axis III - General Medical Conditions
Axis IV - Psychosocial and Environmental Problems
Axis V - GAF - Global Assessment Scale # system meaning current functioning/highest level of functioning in the past year
Each disorder has ___ that describes behaviors, symptoms, or signs; duration and other qualifiers, the ___ do NOT determine ___.
each disorder has criteria that describes behaviors, symptoms, or signs; duration and other qualifiers, the criteria do NOT determine diagnosis