Module 6 - Thought Disorders / Schizophrenia Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Module 6 - Thought Disorders / Schizophrenia Deck (121)
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1

Thought Disorders

Serious and persistent mental illnesses of disorganized thought and speech

2

What things characterize Thought Disorders?

Disturbances in:

1. Reality Orientation

2. Thinking

3. Social Involvement

3

What is the most prevalent thought disorder?

Schizophrenia

4

Most people with mental health problems are able to ...

think logically, even when their behaviors are maladaptive

5

Psychosis

the inability to recognize reality, relate to other, and cope with life's demands

reality is distorted and disturbed for psychosis

6

What is the most common form of psychosis

Schizophrenia - Identified as Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorders

7

Schizophrenia

"Splitting Off" of thoughts from emotions - "disconnected mind"

They lose the ability to think and respond in a logical fashion - very debilitating

There is a lack of coherence in mental functioning, thinking, feeling, perceiving, behaving, and experiencing without the linkages that make mental life comprehensible and effective

8

General Signs and Symptoms of Schizophrenia

Disturbed thinking

Preoccupation with frightening inner experiences

Marked disturbance in affect, behavior, and social interaction

9

How is Affect, Behavior, and Social interaction markedly disturbed by Schizophrenia?

Affect - Flat, Inappropriate

Behavior - unpredictable, bizarre

Social Interaction - Isolation

10

Is schizophrenia a dissociative disorder?

No, do not confuse it with multiple personalities

11

How many Americans are afflicted with schizophrenia

2.5 million

12

Schizophrenia is a result of ...

complex genetic influences interacting with environmental factors

13

What is the major symptom of Schizophrenia

Altered sensory perception!

1. Physical and psychological changes that affect brain functioning, behavior patterns, and the five senses
2. Hallucinations can occur in any of the senses

14

When do schizophrenia symptoms begin to occur?

symptoms emerge during late adolescence to early 20's

Has been diagnosed as early as 5 and as late in the 40s

15

What is the incidence and prevalence of Schizophrenia like among different people?

All cultures, races, and social classes are impacted

Disproportionately high in low socioeconomic class

16

The earlier the schizophrenia onset ...

the greater the problems

17

What is the most expensive chronic illness to treat?

Schizophrenia (55.1 billion)

18

Costs in terms of ___ and ___ cannot be measured

distress and suffering

19

What is the etiology of Schizophrenia?

EXACT CAUSE UNKNOWN, it is a potential mix of:

Abnormalities that arise early in life, could be before birth that disrupt normal brain development

psychosocial theories

genetics

unbalanced neurobiological processes and neuroanatomical structures

brain development

substance abuse/dual diagnosis

stress

20

How long must schizophrenia symptoms last for diagnosis?

at least 6 months

They must include at least 1 month of two or more active phase symptoms

21

What is the key hallmark of schizophrenia?

Lack of Insight (do not realize they have the issues or symptoms)

22

Symptoms Symptoms of Schizophrenia

bizarre delusions

hallucinations

disorganized speech

grossly disorganized or catatonic behavior

negative behavior

other symptoms that interfere markedly in social and occupational functioning

LACK OF INSIGHT - v common

23

Closely Related Disorders to Schizophrenia

Brief Psychotic Disorder

Schizophreniform Disorder

Schizoaffective Disorders

Schizotypal Personality Disorder

24

What makes a brief psychotic disorder different from schizophrenia?

It only lasts 1-30 days

25

Schizophreniform Disorder

S/S last 1-6 months. (psychotic symptoms)

It can then progress to mania or schizophrenia

26

Schizoaffective Disorder

presence of mood S/S of depression or mania with Schizophrenia s/s as well

27

Schizotypal Personality

S/S not severe enough to be classified as psychosis

DSM V now includes this within the schizophrenia spectrum

28

3 Dimensions of Psychopathology in Schizophrenia

1. Disorganization

2. Psychotic (Positive Symptoms)

3. Negative Symptoms

29

What things are disorganized in schizophrenia?

speech

behavior

incongruent affect

30

What are some Psychotic symptoms/dimensions of Schizophrenia?

Delusions and hallucinations

Positive symptoms - distortion or excess of normal functioning - often the initial symptoms