Flashcards in Module 6 - Thought Disorders / Schizophrenia Deck (121)
Serious and persistent mental illnesses of disorganized thought and speech
What things characterize Thought Disorders?
1. Reality Orientation
3. Social Involvement
What is the most prevalent thought disorder?
Most people with mental health problems are able to ...
think logically, even when their behaviors are maladaptive
the inability to recognize reality, relate to other, and cope with life's demands
reality is distorted and disturbed for psychosis
What is the most common form of psychosis
Schizophrenia - Identified as Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorders
"Splitting Off" of thoughts from emotions - "disconnected mind"
They lose the ability to think and respond in a logical fashion - very debilitating
There is a lack of coherence in mental functioning, thinking, feeling, perceiving, behaving, and experiencing without the linkages that make mental life comprehensible and effective
General Signs and Symptoms of Schizophrenia
Preoccupation with frightening inner experiences
Marked disturbance in affect, behavior, and social interaction
How is Affect, Behavior, and Social interaction markedly disturbed by Schizophrenia?
Affect - Flat, Inappropriate
Behavior - unpredictable, bizarre
Social Interaction - Isolation
Is schizophrenia a dissociative disorder?
No, do not confuse it with multiple personalities
How many Americans are afflicted with schizophrenia
Schizophrenia is a result of ...
complex genetic influences interacting with environmental factors
What is the major symptom of Schizophrenia
Altered sensory perception!
1. Physical and psychological changes that affect brain functioning, behavior patterns, and the five senses
2. Hallucinations can occur in any of the senses
When do schizophrenia symptoms begin to occur?
symptoms emerge during late adolescence to early 20's
Has been diagnosed as early as 5 and as late in the 40s
What is the incidence and prevalence of Schizophrenia like among different people?
All cultures, races, and social classes are impacted
Disproportionately high in low socioeconomic class
The earlier the schizophrenia onset ...
the greater the problems
What is the most expensive chronic illness to treat?
Schizophrenia (55.1 billion)
Costs in terms of ___ and ___ cannot be measured
distress and suffering
What is the etiology of Schizophrenia?
EXACT CAUSE UNKNOWN, it is a potential mix of:
Abnormalities that arise early in life, could be before birth that disrupt normal brain development
unbalanced neurobiological processes and neuroanatomical structures
substance abuse/dual diagnosis
How long must schizophrenia symptoms last for diagnosis?
at least 6 months
They must include at least 1 month of two or more active phase symptoms
What is the key hallmark of schizophrenia?
Lack of Insight (do not realize they have the issues or symptoms)
Symptoms Symptoms of Schizophrenia
grossly disorganized or catatonic behavior
other symptoms that interfere markedly in social and occupational functioning
LACK OF INSIGHT - v common
Closely Related Disorders to Schizophrenia
Brief Psychotic Disorder
Schizotypal Personality Disorder
What makes a brief psychotic disorder different from schizophrenia?
It only lasts 1-30 days
S/S last 1-6 months. (psychotic symptoms)
It can then progress to mania or schizophrenia
presence of mood S/S of depression or mania with Schizophrenia s/s as well
S/S not severe enough to be classified as psychosis
DSM V now includes this within the schizophrenia spectrum
3 Dimensions of Psychopathology in Schizophrenia
2. Psychotic (Positive Symptoms)
3. Negative Symptoms
What things are disorganized in schizophrenia?