Flashcards in Module 4a - Health Promotion Deck (17)
Health Promotion is the process of?
enabling people to increase control over, and to improve their health”
Health promotion reflects importance of?
of individuals taking control of their own health (e.g., lifestyle choices, behaviours like exercise, etc.)
Ottawa Charter 1986, became an international movement!
Five priority areas:
a) Build healthy public policy
b) Create supportive environments for health
c) Strengthen community action for health
d) Develop personal skills, and
e) Re-orient health services
Shifts in “health promotion”
1974 - Lalonde Report "A New Perspective on the Health of Canadians"
1986 - Ottawa Charter
1997 - Jakarta Declaration "Leading Health Promotion into the 21st Century
In general, Shift in Health Promo?
current focus of health promotion is move away from solely lifestyle toward social, economic and environmental determinants of health (Keleher 2007, p. 29)
1974-Marc Lalonde –Trudeau Government
“A New Perspective on the Health of Canadians”
identified human biology, environment, lifestyle & healthcare organization as determinants of health-
*first real widespread consideration of non-medical health determinants
1986-Jake Epp –Mulroney Government
“Achieving Health for All: A Framework for Health Promotion”
advocated the reduction of inequalities between income groups as a policy goal
Health Promotion and Programs Branch of Health Canada: (1998)
the overall goal of a population health approach is to maintain and improve the health of the entire population and to reduce inequalities in health between population groups.”
the assimilation of food by an organism for growth and maintenance, also the scientific study of food
Nobel Prize Winner Economics 1998 wrote
a book in which he demonstrated that famine occurs not only _____but from _____?
from a lack of food
inequalities built into mechanisms for distributing food.
a condition of absolute poverty - less than $1/ day
Indicators of Poverty & Malnutrition
Infant Mortality (per 1000)
Rate of illiteracy
Access (or lack of) to medical care
malnutrition as well as obesity
infectious and chronic diseases
(uneven distribution of over and under nutrition in countries as well as among diff popn groups within countries)
1974 Lalonde Report identifies two primary elements requiring remedy
1) health care system
2) promotion of well-being
Ottawa Charter 1986 is considered monumental point in history of health promo...
it generated an international movement on health promo
1997 Jakarta Declaration
world wide movement that reaffirmed the 5 central points of the Ottawa Charter