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Flashcards in Module 5a Deck (15)
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1

A famous person: Rudolf Virchow (1821-1902)

young pathologist
lived with coal miners
recommended remediation of social, economic and working conditions(SOCIAL CONDITIONS rather than medical response) .. and was promptly fired.

2

“Health care system … only accounts for ___ of health outcomes”

25%

3

Population health refers to heath of popn as measured by ?

health status indicators and as influenced by social, economic, and physical environments, personal health practices, individual capacity and coping skills, human biology, early childhood development, and health services.

4

As an approach, Population Health focuses on the?
identifies the?
applies the?

the interrelated conditions and factors that influence the health of populations over the life course
, identifies systemic variations in their patterns of occurrence
applies the resulting knowledge to develop and implement policies and actions to improve the health and well-being of those populations”

5

Population Health major focus?

reduction of health inequalities and inequiteis between group

6

Holistic perspective -

physical, emotional, mental, and spiritual dimensions of health
- socio-political context is CRITICAL elememt

7

An Aboriginal health model
Three critical levels:

1) promixal
2) intermediate
3) distal

8

1) Proximal determinants -

health behaviours, physical environments, employment & income, education, food security

9

2) Intermediate determinants -

health care systems, educational systems, community infrastructure, resources, & capacities, cultural continuity, etc

10

3) Distal determinants

– colonialism, racism & social exclusion, self determination

11

Health disparities/inequities are ?

unfair and fixable differences in health status

12

Socio-economic gradient in health shows the ?

worst health for people living on the lowest incomes

13

Striking health disparities between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal peoples (Loppie Reading & Wien 2009)

higher rate of diabetes
- higher rate of tuberculosis
- higher rate of high blood pressure
- higher rate of depressive episodes
- higher rate suicide

14

“Mortality Transition”

– changes in how we (as a society) die

15

3 stages of Mortality Transition

a) The age of pestilence and famine
b) The era of receding pandemics
c) The age of degenerative and man-made diseases