Module 7.3 : Fetal Lie Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Module 7.3 : Fetal Lie Deck (40)
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1

fetal lie

- describes the relation of the long axis of the fetus to that of the mother

2

different types of fetal lie

- longitudinal lie
- transverse lie
- oblique lie

3

longitudinal lie

baby spine in same line as mom

4

transverse lie

baby spine perpendicular to mom spine (more common in twins)

5

oblique lie

no specific lie just in-between
- mass pushing fetus
- obese mother

6

presentation

refers to the part of the fetus that is over the cervix

7

3 types of presentation

- cephalic
- breech
- acromial

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cephalic presentation

- aka vertex
- fetal head is closest to the cervix
- most common

9

breech presentation

- fetal butt is closest to cervix

10

acromial presentation

- fetal shoulder is closest to the cervix
- very bad

11

types of cephalic presentation

- cephalic with back anterior or up
- cephalic with back posterior or down

12

types of acromial presentation

- acromial back anterior
- acromial back posterior

13

types of breech

- complete breech
- footling breech
- frank breech
- incomplete breech

14

complete breech

- hips and knees flexed or bent
- feet are level with the bum
- bum is presenting

15

frank breech

- hips are flexed
- knees are extended or straight legs
- feet near the face
- pike position of toes up the nose

16

incomplete breech

- one leg is extended and the other is bent
- foot is level with the bum

17

footling breech

- one or both feet are closest to the cervix
- feet are lower than the bum

18

cephalic spine on left

- right hand side of baby at the top of the screen
- stomach is posterior

19

cephalic spine on right

- left arm is up at top of the screen
- stomach is anterior

20

breech spin on right

- right arm is up at top of screen
- stomach is posterior

21

breech spine on left

- left arm is up at top of screen
- stomach is anterior

22

transverse lie - determining situs

- is baby back toward fundus or up
- is baby back towards cervix or down
- now scanning in SAG to do AC

23

transverse lie spine cephalic head right

- left arm comes up at top of screen
- stomach anterior

24

transverse lie spine cephalic head left

- right arm comes up at top of screen
- stomach posterior

25

transverse lie spine caudal head left

- left arm comes up at top of screen
- stomach anterior

26

transverse lie spine caudal head right

- right arm comus up at top of screen
- stomach posterior

27

position

- refers to relation of the fetus to the right or left side of the birth canal
- used more in labor and delivery

28

position - O

- occiput
- back of head
- in vertex/cephalic presentation

29

presentation - M

- chin/mento
- in face presentation

30

presentation - S

- sacrum
- breech presentation