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Flashcards in MONDAYYY Deck (23)
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1

B F Skinner

Argued moral human behaviour does not take into account what science is telling us

2

John Stewart Mill

His book contains an outspoken defence for free speech as individuals should not be crushed by the state or society. Individuality is part of a good life.

3

Aquinas

Saw conscience as a way of distinguishing between right and wrong and thought people only did evil when they made a mistake and conscience was mistaken.

4

Joseph Butler

Was a priest who saw conscience as the final moral decision-maker and that humans are influenced by two key feelings of self-love and benevolence (love for others)

5

Sigmund Freud

Children learn from an early age that the world restricts human desires and individual freedom

6

Ted Honderich

Defines hard determinism as everything that happens being defined by other events

7

Clarence Darrow

A US lawyer who argued two teenage murderers were subject of their upbringing so managed to get the boys a shortened sentance

8

Stanley Milgram

Found the people were likely to listen to an authoritative figure as Milgram used the example of Nazi torture methods from WW2

9

Aristotle

Argues everything we do is done for an end which is the 'chief good', he founded virtue ethics and outlined Eudaimonia as a middle way between the vice of deficiency and excess

10

Elizabeth Anscombe

Challenges teleological and deontological thinking as they are preoccupied with laws/rules and loses consideration of emotions, the main thing to consider is human flourishing

11

Alasdair MacIntyre

Modern morality has suffered a catastrophe and has lost sight of moral wisdom, virtues are understood within a community not individually

12

Philippa Foot

Neglected the subject of virtues and vices, notes that being virtuous is sometimes more demanding than others

13

3 types of love

Eros- Sensual/Erotic love
Agape- Unconditional love
Philial- Friendship & Brotherly/Sisterly

14

Pythagoras

Believed humans should abstain from physical love

15

Greek stoics

See sex as a loss of control over animal instincts

16

Cyrenaics

Expressed sensual pleasure as a supreme good

17

Adrian Tatcher

Research marriage and cohabitation in 2002 and found there was an increase in cohabitation and a decrease in marriage

18

Roger Crook

Looked at changing patterns in the last century that affect marriage found 3 key changes:
1.changing status of women 2.family planning (contraception) 3.deeper understanding of sexuality

19

Song of Songs

A song to celebrate sexual love

20

St Augustine

Saw sex as a sin unless it was for reproduction

21

Stamford and Saunders

Point out that Jesus doesn't talk about homosexuals

22

Moore

Looks at how in the bible they talk about two garments made from certain materials which shouldn't be warm together but Christians ignore that rule but critisize minorities like homosexuals where possible

23

Rosemary Radford Ruether

Christianity is less than supportive of of women's equal rights hence why women can't be priests