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Flashcards in Murmurs and heart stuff Deck (41)
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1

What sided murmurs increase on inspiration?

right

2

What sided murmurs increase on expiration?

left

3

4 Diastolic murmurs

MS, TS, AR, PR

4

4 systolic murmurs

AS, PS, MR, TR

5

two murmurs heard at L lower sternal border?

TR, VSD

6

murmur heard at L mid clavicular line in 4th, 5th intercostal space

MS

7

loud murmur, stenosis or regurg?

stenosis

8

soft, blowing murmur, stenosis or regurg

regurg

9

3 ddx for holosystolic/pansystolic murmurs?

MR, TR, VSD

10

murmur that is crescendo decrescendo

AS

11

decrescendo murmur

AR

12

murmur radiates to carotids

AS

13

murmur radiates to axilla

MR

14

reproductive age girl with murmur, dx?

MVP

15

MCC of AS in younger pt

bicuspid aortic valve

16

valves associated with rheumatic fever and endocarditis

MV and TV

17

mid systolic click

MVP

18

myxomatous degeneration

MVP

19

2 murmurs get softer with increased preload

HOCM and MVP

20

what does squatting do to preload?

increase

21

what does handgrip do to afterload?

increase

22

what does valsalva do to preload?

decrease

23

what does standing up to do preload?

decrease

24

continuous machine like murmur

PDA

25

congenital defect increases oxygenation in RV

VSD

26

congenital defect increases oxygenation in RA and RV

ASD

27

what causes fixed split?

ASD

28

2 things cause a wide split?

PS, RBBB

29

2 things cause a paradoxical split?

AS, LBBB

30

holosystolic murmur louder with inspiration at the L lower sternal border

TR