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1

would a disease of bone marrow suppression also show reticulocytes in the CBC?

no

reticulocytosis is uncommon because the bone marrow cannot efficiently generate cells

2

ESRD, hypercalcemia, hyperphosphatemia, hyperparathyroidism, obesity, diabetes, oral anticoagulants are all risk factors for

calciphylaxis (calcific uremic arteriolopathy)

3

systemic arteriolar calcification and soft-tissue calcium deposition with local ischemia and necrosis

Calcific uremic arteriolopathy

4

what electrolyte inhibits extraosseous calcification?

magnesium

5

HTN, epistaxis, and HA in younger patient

coarctation of the aorta

6

pt with hx of HA and htn then gets anesthesia and HTN escalates immediately

catecholamine surge from pheo

7

type of therapy with schizophrenic pt?

family therapy

8

What does the initial evaluation of HTN include?

serum chem panel, UA, Hgb/Hct, lipids and glucose

9

defective mineralization of the bone matrix

osteomalacia

10

osteomalacia is MC due to

severe Vit D deficiency

11

will calcium be increased or decreased in multiple myeloma?

increased

hypercalcemia

12

codfish vertebral bodies and pseudofractures

osteomalacia

13

<2 yo with palpable abdominal mass, systemic symptoms, raccoon eyes, and opsoclonus-myoclonus syndrome

neuroblastoma

14

workup of possible nonbloody infectious diarrhea etiology

ova and parasites

15

nonprogressive motor dysfunction, characterized by abnormal tone, movement, and development in infant

cerebral palsy

16

possibly the biggest risk factor for CP

prematurity

17

first sign of CP?

delayed gross motor milestones

18

distal and facial muscle weakness with delayed muscle relaxation, (delayed release of handgrip)

myotonic dystrophy

19

autosomal recessive disorder associated with delayed gross motor milestones, proximal muscle weakness and hypotonia

spinal muscular atrophy

20

tethering of the spinal cord leads to 

LE muscle atrophy and weakness with poor or absent reflexes

21

neonate with temperature instability and poor feeding

neonatal sepsis

22

2 cancers that go with elevated AFP

yolk sac tumor

hepatocellular carcinoma

23

lesions of multiple myeloma

osteolytic lesions only

24

bladder distention and hydronephrosis with oligohydraminos in utero is likely due to

posterior urethral valves

25

with tracheoesophogeal fistula in a fetus, would you have oligohydraminos or polyhydraminos?

polyhydraminos

26

most significant sequelea of posterior urethral valves?

pulmonary hypoplasia

27

three clinical uses of misoprostol

maintain PDA

induce labor for abortion

ppx against NSAID induced ulcers

28

toxicity of PPIs

C diff

osteoporosis

increased risk of aspiration PNA

29

triple therapy of H. pylori

clarithromycin

amoxicillin/metronidazole

PPI

30

octreotide indication

tx bleeding varices

VIPoma

acromegaly

carcinoid