Questions 1-350 Flashcards Preview

Step 2 question review > Questions 1-350 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Questions 1-350 Deck (350)
Loading flashcards...
1

Posterior costal tenderpoints are typically associated with (inhalation/exhalation) somatic dysfunction (elevated/depressed) ribs.

inhalation

elevated

2

What is the treatment for burkitt lymphoma?

rituximab

CD20 antibody

3

How do you treat small cell lung cancer?

 

radiation and chemo

4

iron is absorbed in the ....

folate is absorbed in the ....

duodenum

jejunum

5

window period of hep B serology will show

core ab IgM then IGg positive

6

II, III, aVF infarct location

RV infarction

7

treatment for RV infarction 

isotonic flusids, aspirin and cardiac cath

NO nitrates

8

How do you prevent infection from foley cath after surgery?

keeping urine collecting bag below the level of the bladder, ensuring good downward flow

9

abundance of small normal appearing lymphocytes and ruptured smudge cells

CLL

10

plasma cells with fried egg appearance

multiple myeloma

11

Dutcher bodies /PAS positive staining IgM deposits around nucleus

waldenstrom macroglobulinemia (non-hodgkin like lymphoma)

12

lymphoid cells with cytoplasmic projections

hairy cell leukemia

13

TRAP stain (tartrate resistant acid phosphatase)

hairy cell leukemia

14

giant cells with bilobar nuclei and eosinophilic nucleoli

Reed sternberg cells 

hodgkin lymphoma

15

PT, PTT, and platelet count in Vit C deficiency

normal PT, normal PTT, normal platelet count

16

gingivitis, ecchymoses, perifollicular hemorrhage, petechiae, curly hairs

vit C deficiency/scurvy

17

PT, PTT, platelet count in hemophilia A

normal PT, increased PTT, normal platelet count

(factor 8 deficiency, intrinsic pathway affected)

18

PT, PTT, platelet count in von willebrand disease

normal PT, increased PTT, normal platelet count

(vwf carries factor 8)

19

PT, PTT, platelet count in ITP

normal PT, normal PTT, decreased platelet count

20

what type of RTA is common in sickle cell disease pts and diabetics?

type IV RTA

21

What medications can cause a type IV RTA 

ACE-I and NSAIDs

22

What is the physiologic defect in type IV RTA?

hypoaldosteronism or aldosterone resistance

hyperK, urine pH <5.5, positive urine anion gap

23

type I RTA is (distal/proximal)

distal

24

type II RTA is (distal/proximal)

proximal

25

impaired distal acid secretion, hypoK, urine pH > 5.5, positive urine anion gap

type I RTA

26

impaired proximal bicarb reabsorption, hypoK, urine pH <5.5, negative urine anion gap

type II RTA

27

thromboangiitis obliterans aka

buerger disease

28

thromboangiitis obliterans is closely linked to...

tobacco use

29

young smoker with symptoms of claudication, extremity or digit ischemia, or superficial thrombophlebitis

thomboangiitis obliterans

30

granulomatous skin disorder occurring primarily in diabetics, present with well-demarcated papule or plaque that gradually enlarges; generally non painful and on shins

necrobiosis lipodica