Musculoskeletal Meds Flashcards Preview

NCLEX-RN (4) Pharmacology > Musculoskeletal Meds > Flashcards

Flashcards in Musculoskeletal Meds Deck (9)
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Antigout drugs

  • to treat and prevent gout by decreasing uric acid levels

  • to prevent high uric acid levels with chemotherapy

    • chemo drugs release uric acid when cells are destroyed

Generic names:

Antigout drugs

allopurinol, colchicine

Most common side effects and nursing considerations:

Antigout drugs

  1. nephrotoxicity
    • monitor BUN, creatinine and urine output
  2. avoid foods with purines in them
    • avoid meat and alcohol
    • purines break down into uric acid

Nursing considerations:

Antiosteoporotic: alendronate and risedronate

  • take in the morning on an empty stomach with a full glass of water
  • stay upright for at least 30 minutes to prevent esophageal irritation

Generic names:

Muscle relaxers

  • carisoprodol
  • cyclobenzaprine
  • baclofen
  • methocarbamol

Most common side effects:

Muscle relaxers

  • sedation / drowsiness
  • orthostatic hypotension
  • anticholinergic side effects

Nursing considerations:

Muscle relaxers: sedation / drowsiness

implement safety and fall precautions

Nursing considerations:

Muscle relaxers: orthostatic hypotension

  • assess for dizziness
  • have client sit at bedside for a few minutes before getting up
  • implement safety and fall precautions


Nursing considerations:

Muscle relaxers: anticholinergic side effects

  • causes blurry vision - implement safety and fall precautions
  • causes urinary retention - monitor intake and output
  • causes dry mouth - give candy or ice chips
  • causes constipation - encourage fluids/fiber/walking

"can't see, can't pee, can't spit, can't shit"