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NCLEX-RN (4) Pharmacology > Top Meds > Flashcards

Flashcards in Top Meds Deck (155)
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1
Classification and Indication:

acetaminophen

  • Analgesic - to treat mild to moderate pain
  • Antipyretic - to decrease a fever

2
Classification and Indication:

acyclovir, tenofovir, valacyclovir

Antiviral - to treat viral infections

ends in -vir

3
Classification and Indication:

adenosine

Immediate complication

Antiarrhythmic given IV push - to convert supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) to normal sinus rhythm.

4
Classification and Indication:

albuterol, levalbuterol

Short-acting bronchodilator ("rescue inhaler") - to treat acute asthma attack or acute COPD exacerbation.

ends in -buterol

5
Classification and Indication:

alendronate, risedronate

Antiosteoporotic - to treat osteoporosis by increasing bone mass

ends in -dronate

6
Classification and Indication:

allopurinol

Antigout drug

  • to prevent gout by decreasing uric acid levels
  • to prevent high uric acid levels with chemotherapy

7
Classification and Indication:

alprazolam

Benzodiazepine Anxiolytic ("downer") - to treat anxiety.

ends in -lam

8
Classification and Indication:

alteplase, streptokinase, tenecteplase

Immediate complication

Thrombolytic ("clot buster") - to break up blood clots.

ends in -plase or -ase

9
Classification and Indication:

aluminum hydroxide, calcium carbonate, magnesium oxide

Antacid

  • to treat acid indigestion
  • to treat gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)

10
Classification and Indication:

amiodarone

Antidysrhythmic given IV push - to treat or prevent life-threatening ventricular fibrillation or ventricular tachycardia.

11
Classification and Indication:

amitriptyline, nortriptyline

Tricyclic antidepressant ("downer") - to treat depression.

ends in -tyline

12
Classification and Indication:

amlodipine, nifedipine

Calcium channel blocker (antihypertensive)

  • to decrease BP and HR
  • to treat angina

ends in -dipine

 

13
Classification and Indication:

amoxicillin, penicillin V

Penicillin antibiotic - to treat infections.

ends in -cillin

14
Classification and Indication:

apixaban, dabigatran, rivaroxaban

Anticoagulant - to prevent blood clots.

ends in -aban or -an

15
Classification and Indication:

aripiprazole

2nd generation Antipsychotic ("downer") - to treat bipolar and schizophrenia.

16
Classification and Indication:

aspart, human, lispro, glulisine

Rapid-acting insulin (antidiabetic) - to treat high blood sugar.

17
Classification and Indication:

aspirin

  • Antiplatelet: to prevent blood clots for MI
  • NSAID (analgesic): to treat pain from arthritis and inflammation

Also called acetylsalicylic acid.

18
Classification and Indication:

atenolol, carvedilol, metoprolol, nebivolol

Beta blocker (antihypertensive)

  • to decrease BP and HR
  • to prevent MI

ends in -lol

 

19
Classification and Indication:

atorvastatin, lovastatin, pravastatin, rosuvastatin, simvastatin

Antilipidemic - to treat and prevent high cholesterol for clients at risk for CVA and MI.

ends in -statin

20
Classification and Indication:

atropine

Immediate complication

Antiarrhythmic given IV push

  • increases the HR
  • to treat heart blocks and symptomatic bradycardia

21
Classification and Indication:

bacitracin/neomycin/polymyxin B

A triple antibiotic ointment - to prevent skin infections for minor cuts and injuries.

22
Classification and Indication:

baclofen​

Muscle relaxer - to treat muscle spasms.

23
Classification and Indication:

beclomethasone, hydrocortisone, methylprednisolone, prednisone

Corticosteroid (anti-inflammatory) - to decrease inflammation in a variety of conditions.

ends in -sone or -lone

24
Classification and Indication:

benazepril, enalapril, lisinopril, ramipril

ACE inhibitor (antihypertensive)

  • to decrease BP and HR
  • to prevent MI

ends in -pril

25
Classification and Indication:

benzonatate

Antitussive - to suppress a cough.

26
Classification and Indication:

benztropine

Antiparkinsonian - to treat Parkinson's disease.

27
Classification and Indication:

bisacodyl

Laxative - to treat and prevent constipation.

28
Classification and Indication:

bismuth subsalicylate

Antidiarrheal - to treat diarrhea.

29
Classification and Indication:

calcium chloride

Electrolyte (vitamin) supplement - to prevent osteoporosis.

30
Classification and Indication:

carbamazepine

  • Anticonvulsant - to prevent seizures
  • Mood stabilizer ("downer") - to treat bipolar

31
Classification and Indication:

carisoprodol

Muscle relaxer - to treat muscle spasms.

32
Classification and Indication:

ceftriaxone, cephalexin

Cephalosporin antibiotic - to treat infections.

starts with cef- or ceph-

33
Classification and Indication:

celecoxib

NSAID (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug)

  • Analgesic - to treat mild to moderate pain
  • Antipyretic - to decrease a fever

34
Classification and Indication:

cetirizine, levocetirizine

Antiallergy - to treat allergy symptoms, hives and itching.

ends in -zine

35
Classification and Indication:

chlordiazepoxide​

Benzodiazepine antianxiety ("downer") - to treat anxiety.

has -diaze- in name

36
Classification and Indication:

cholecalciferol, ergocalciferol

Vitamin D supplement

  • to treat low vitamin D levels
  • to increase absorption of calcium

ends in -calciferol

37
Classification and Indication:

ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin

Fluoroquinolone antibiotic - to treat infections.

ends in -floxacin

38
Classification and Indication:

citalopram, escitalopram

SSRI antidepressant ("downer") - to treat depression.

ends in -pram

39
Classification and Indication:

clindamycin, azithromycin, vancomycin

Aminoglycoside antibiotic - to treat very severe infections.

ends in -mycin

40
Classification and Indication:

clonazepam, diazepam, lorazepam

Benzodiazepine antianxiety ("downer") - to treat anxiety

ends in -pam

41
Classification and Indication:

clonidine

Antihypertensive - to treat high BP.

42
Classification and Indication:

clopidrogrel, prasugrel

Antiplatelet - to prevent blood clots.

ends in -grel

43
Classification and Indication:

clotrimazole, fluconazole

Antifungal - to treat fungal infections: candidiasis, yeast infections.

ends in -azole

44
Classification and Indication:

codeine

Opioid analgesic - to treat mild to moderately severe pain.

45
Classification and Indication:

colchicine

Antigout drug - to treat and prevent gout by decreasing uric acid levels.

46
Classification and Indication:

cyanocobalamin

Vitamin B12 - to treat pernicious anemia.

47
Classification and Indication:

cyclobenzaprine

Muscle relaxer - to treat muscle spasms.

48
Classification and Indication:

desmopressin, vasopressin

Immediate complication

Antidiuretic hormone (ADH) - to treat shock and diabetes insipidus.

ends in -pressin

 

49
Classification and Indication:

desvenlafaxine, venlafaxine

SSNRI antidepressant ("downer") - to treat depression.

ends in -faxine

50
Classification and Indication:

detemir, glargine

​Long-acting insulin - to treat diabetes and prevent high blood sugar.

51
Classification and Indication:

dexlansoprazole, esomeprazole, lansoprazole, omeprazole, pantoprazole

Proton pump inhibitor

  • decreases acid secretion to treat
    • GERD
    • heartburn
    • ulcers

ends in -prazole

52
Classification and Indication:

dextroamphetamine, lisdexamfetamine

CNS stimulate ("upper") - to treat ADHD in adults and children (>6 years old).

Ends in -amphetamine. Brand name is "Adderall XR: the study drug".

 

53
Classification and Indication:

digoxin

Cardiac glycoside - to decrease heart rate with CHF or atrial fibrillation.

54
Classification and Indication:

diltiazem​

Calcium channel blocker (antihypertensive)

  • to decrease BP and HR
  • to treat angina

 

55
Classification and Indication:

diphenhydramine

Antiallergy - to treat itching and allergic reactions.

56
Classification and Indication:

diphenoxylate/atropine

Antidiarrheal - ​a combination med to treat diarrhea.

57
Classification and Indication:

disulfiram

To prevent clients from drinking alcohol by causing severe nausea and vomiting when the client drinks alcohol.

58
Classification and Indication:

divalproex sodiumvalproic acid

Anticonvulsant - to prevent seizures.

has -val- in name

59
Classification and Indication:

docusate

​Laxative and stool softener - to treat and prevent constipation.

60
Classification and Indication:

donepezil​

Antialzheimer - to treat all stages of Alzheimer's.

61
Classification and Indication:

dopamine

Immediate complication

Vasopressor - to treat shock.

62
Classification and Indication:

doxazosinterazosin

Alpha blocker

  • to decrease blood pressure
  • to prevent benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH)

ends in -zosin

63
Classification and Indication:

doxycycline

Tetracycline antibiotic - to treat infections.

ends in -cycline

64
Classification and Indication:

duloxetine

SSNRI Antidepressant ("downer")

  • to treat depression and anxiety
  • to treat fibromyalgia, chronic muscle pain or nerve pain

65
Classification and Indication:

dutasteride, finasteride

BPH drug - to prevent benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH).

ends in -teride

66
Classification and Indication:

enoxaparin

Anticoagulant (low molecular weight heparin) - to prevent blood clots, especially post-op clients.

67
Classification and Indication:

epinephrine

Immediate complication

Vasopressor

  • to treat anaphylaxis, shock, severe asthma attack
  • to treat life-threatening arrhythmias
    • asystole, ventricular tachycardia, ventricular fibrillation

68
Classification and Indication:

epoetin (erythropoietin)

Hematopoietic agent

  • to increase red blood cells
  • to treat anemia with chronic renal failure, HIV and chemotherapy

69
Classification and Indication:

ethinyl estradiol

Female contraceptive

  • includes oral pill, vaginal ring, IM shot
  • to prevent pregnancy

Several have the words ethinyl estradiol in them.

70
Classification and Indication:

famotidine, ranitidine

H-2 receptor blocker (antiulcer) - to heal and prevent ulcers by limiting gastric acid secretion.

ends in -tidine

71
Classification and Indication:

fentanyl

Opioid analgesic - to treat moderate to severe pain.

72
Classification and Indication:

ferrous sulfate (iron)

Vitamin supplement - to treat dietary anemia.

73
Classification and Indication:

fluoxetine, paroxetine

SSRI antidepressant ("downer") - to treat depression.

ends in -xetine

74
Classification and Indication:

fluticasone

Steroid - maintenance inhaler for chronic asthma.

ends in -sone

75
Classification and Indication:

folic acid

Vitamin supplement - given to pregnant mothers to prevent neural tube defects in fetus.

76
Classification and Indication:

furosemide, bumetanide, torsemide

Potassium-wasting loop diuretic - to treat edema and hypertension by excreting urine.

ends in -ide

77
Classification and Indication:

gabapentin

Anticonvulsant

  • to prevent seizures
  • to treat diabetic nerve pain and neuralgia

78
Classification and Indication:

GLImepiride, GLIpizide, GLYburide, canaGLIflozin, linaGLIptin, liraGLUtide, pioGLItazone, sitaGLIptin

Oral antidiabetic drug - to treat diabetes and prevent high blood sugar.

have gly-, glu- or -gli- in name

79
Classification and Indication:

glucagon (D50)

50% dextrose (sugar) - to treat hypoglycemia in an unconscious client.

80
Classification and Indication:

guaifenesin

Expectorant - to treat a productive cough by coughing up mucus.

81
Classification and Indication:

haloperidol

1st generation Antipsychotic ("downer") - to treat acute aggression.

82
Classification and Indication:

heparin

Anticoagulant

  1. heparin IV
    • to treat an active blood clot
    • bridge therapy to PO anticoagulants
  2. heparin subcutaneous
    • to prevent blood clots

83
Classification and Indication:

hydralazine

Antihypertensive - to treat high BP.

84
Classification and Indication:

hydrochlorothiazide, chlorthalidone

Potassium-wasting thiazide diuretic - to treat edema and hypertension by excreting urine.

has -thia- or -thal- in name

85
Classification and Indication:

hydroxyzine

Antihistamine

  • given for a variety of reasons
    • to treat anxiety
    • for preop sedation
    • to treat itching
    • to treat nausea and vomiting

86
Classification and Indication:

ibuprofen

NSAID (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug)

  • Analgesic - to treat mild to moderate pain
  • Antipyretic - to decrease a fever

87
Classification and Indication:

indomethacin

NSAID (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug)

  • Analgesic - to treat mild to moderate pain
  • Antipyretic - to decrease a fever

88
Classification and Indication:

ipratropiumtiotropium

Long-acting bronchodilator - to treat chronic asthma or COPD.

ends in -tropium

89
Classification and Indication:

irbesartan, losartan, olmesartan, valsartan

Angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB) (antihypertensive)

  • to decrease BP and HR
  • to reduce risk of stroke and MI

ends in -sartan

90
Classification and Indication:

isoniazid

Antituberculosis - to treat tuberculosis.

91
Classification and Indication:

isosorbide dinitrateisosorbide mononitrate

​Antianginal (nitrate, vasodilator) - to treat and prevent chest pain and heart failure by reducing oxygen demand.

92
Classification and Indication:

ketorolac

NSAID (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug)

  • Analgesic - to treat mild to moderate pain.
  • Antipyretic - to decrease a fever.

93
Classification and Indication:

lactobacillus acidophilus

Probiotic - to encourage good gastrointestinal bacteria growth for clients on antibiotics.

It's basically eating yogurt, but in pill form.

94
Classification and Indication:

lactulose

Osmotic laxative

  • to treat and prevent constipation
  • to decrease ammonia levels with liver failure

95
Classification and Indication:

latanoprost

Antiglaucoma drugs - eye drops to treat glaucoma.

ends in -prost

96
Classification and Indication:

levetiracetam

Anticonvulsant - to prevent seizures.

97
Classification and Indication:

levodopa/carbidopa

Antiparkinsonian drug - a combination med to treat Parkinson's disease.

98
Classification and Indication:

levothyroxine

Thyroid hormone replacement - to treat hypothyroidism or replacement after thyroidectomy.

99
Classification and Indication:

lidocaine

Immediate complication

  • Topical/local analgesic - to numb an area of the skin for procedures.
  • Antiarrhythmic - given IV to treat heart arrhythmias.

100
Classification and Indication:

lithium

Antimanic

  • to treat acute mania in bipolar disorder
  • for long-term control of bipolar disorder

101
Classification and Indication:

loperamide

Antidiarrheal - to treat diarrhea.

102
Classification and Indication:

loratadine

Antiallergy drug - to treat hives and allergies.

103
Classification and Indication:

lung surfactant

To prevent respiratory distress in premature newborns.

104
Classification and Indication:

lurasidone, risperidone

2nd generation Antipsychotic ("downer") - to treat bipolar and schizophrenia.

ends in -idone

105
Classification and Indication:

magnesium hydroxide (milk of magnesia)

Laxative - to treat and prevent constipation.

106
Classification and Indication:

magnesium sulfate

Electrolyte replacement

  • to treat low magnesium level
  • to prevent contractions and seizures during pregnancy

107
Classification and Indication:

mannitol

Osmotic diuretic - to decrease intracranial pressure.

108
Classification and Indication:

memantine

Antialzheimer drug - to treat moderate to severe Alzheimer's.

109
Classification and Indication:

metformin

Oral antidiabetic drug - to treat diabetes mellitus and prevent high blood sugar.

110
Classification and Indication:

methadone

Opioid analgesic

  • to treat moderate to severe pain
  • to treat narcotic drug addiction

111
Classification and Indication:

methotrexate

Antineoplastic

  • given for a variety of reasons
  • to treat cancer, psoriasis, and rheumatoid arthritis

112
Classification and Indication:

methylphenidate

CNS stimulate ("upper") - to treat ADHD in children and adults.

113
Classification and Indication:

metoclopramide

Antiemetic - to treat nausea and vomiting.

114
Classification and Indication:

metronidazole

Antiprotozoal - to treat infections especially for vaginal infections.

115
Classification and Indication:

mirtazapine

Tricyclic antidepressant ("downer") - to treat depression.

116
Classification and Indication:

morphine

Opioid analgesic

  • to treat moderate to severe pain
  • to treat pain with acute myocardial infarction

117
Classification and Indication:

naloxone

Immediate complication

Opioid antagonist

  • antidote to opioids
  • to treat opioid overdose

118
Classification and Indication:

naproxen

NSAID (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug)

  • Analgesic - to treat mild to moderate pain
  • Antipyretic - to decrease a fever

119
Classification and Indication:

neostigmine, pyridostigmine

Muscle stimulant (cholinesterase inhibitor) - to treat myasthenia gravis.

ends in -mine

120
Classification and Indication:

nicotine

Smoking cessation aid - to stop smoking by relieving withdrawal symptoms.

121
Classification and Indication:

nitrofurantoin

 

Antibiotic - to treat urinary tract infections.

122
Classification and Indication:

nitroglycerin

Antianginal (nitrate, vasodilator) - to treat chest pain and decrease BP.

most have nitro- or -nitrate in name

123
Classification and Indication:

​NPH, isophane

Intermediate-acting insulin - to treat diabetes and prevent high blood sugar.

124
Classification and Indication:

olanzapine, quetiapine

​2nd generation Antipsychotic ("downer") - to treat bipolar, schizophrenia, depression.

ends in -pine

125
Classification and Indication:

ondansetron

Antiemetic - to treat nausea and vomiting.

126
Classification and Indication:

oxycodone

Opioid analgesic - to treat moderate to severe pain.

127
Classification and Indication:

oxymorphone

Opioid analgesic - to treat moderate to severe pain.

128
Classification and Indication:

oxytocin

Oxytocin hormone

  • to stimulate contractions for labor
  • to prevent postpartum hemorrhage

129
Classification and Indication:

pancrelipase, pancreatin

Digestive enzyme replacement - to treat cystic fibrosis.

starts with pancre-

130
Classification and Indication:

phenobarbital, phenytoin​

Anticonvulsant - to prevent seizures

has phen- in the beginning of the name

131
Classification and Indication:

phytonadione (vitamin K)

Vitamin K

  • to prevent bleeding in newborns
  • antidote to warfarin

132
Classification and Indication:

polycarbophil, psyllium

​Bulk-forming laxative - to treat and prevent constipation.

133
Classification and Indication:

potassium

Electrolyte replacement - to replace potassium (especially when taking diuretics).

134
Classification and Indication:

pregabalin

Anticonvulsant - to treat nerve pain and fibromyalgia.

135
Classification and Indication:

promethazine

Antiemetic

  • to treat nausea and vomiting and motion sickness
  • for pre-op sedation

ends in -zine

136
Classification and Indication:

propranolol

Beta blocker (antihypertensive)

  • to decrease BP and HR
  • to prevent MI and treat chest pain
  • to treat SVT, ventricular, and atrial arrhythmias

ends in -lol

137
Classification and Indication:

regular insulin

Short-acting insulin (antidiabetic)

  1. IV regular insulin
    • to treat very high blood sugar / diabetic ketoacidosis
  2. subcutaneous regular insulin
    • to treat diabetes and high blood sugar

138
Classification and Indication:

Rho D immune globulin (RhoGAM)

Immune globulin

  • given to Rh-negative clients to prevent blood incompatibility between client and baby's blood
  • given after miscarriage or abortion to prevent Rh antibody formation

139
Classification and Indication:

rifampin

Antituberculosis - to treat tuberculosis.

140
Classification and Indication:

ropinirole

Antiparkinsonian - to treat Parkinson's disease.

141
Classification and Indication:

senna glycoside

Laxative - to treat and prevent constipation.

142
Classification and Indication:

sertraline

SSRI antidepressant ("downer") - to treat depression and anxiety.

143
Classification and Indication:

sildenafiltadalafil

Erectile dysfunction drug (vasodilator) - to treat erectile dysfunction.

ends in -fil

144
Classification and Indication:

silver sulfadiazine

Antiseptic cream - to prevent wound infections.

145
Classification and Indication:

sodium bicarbonate

Antacid - to quickly treat metabolic acidosis while trying to figure out main cause.

146
Classification and Indication:

spironolactone

Potassium-sparing diuretic - to treat edema and hypertension by excreting urine.

147
Classification and Indication:

temazepam

Hypnotic Benzodiazepine ("downer") - to treat short term insomnia.

ends in -pam

148
Classification and Indication:

theophylline

2nd choice bronchodilator - to treat asthma and COPD.

149
Classification and Indication:

timolol

Beta blocker - eye drops to treat glaucoma.

 

150
Classification and Indication:

tramadol

Opioid analgesic - to treat moderate to severe pain.

151
Classification and Indication:

trazodone

Antidepressant ("downer")

  • to treat depression
  • to treat insomnia

152
Classification and Indication:

verapamil

Calcium channel blocker (antihypertensive)

  • to decrease BP and HR
  • to treat angina

 

153
Classification and Indication:

vilazodone

SSRI antidepressant ("downer") - to treat depression.

154
Classification and Indication:

warfarin

Anticoagulant - to prevent blood clots.

155
Classification and Indication:

zolpidem

Hypnotic ("downer") - to treat short term insomnia.