music 151-200 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in music 151-200 Deck (50):
1

how is the smoother voice leading created

by inverting chords so that each layer of the chord progression is conjunct

2

what scale degrees make up a dominant seventh chord

5,7,2,4

3

why does the dominant seventh chord have such a strong to pull to resolve

it contains a tritone

4

what is the strongest ending for a bass line

5 to 1

5

what are the most embellishments of a triad

adding a sixth seventh or ninth above the root

6

what distinguishes complex harmony from simple harmony

complex harmony uses more chromatic pitches

7

what does it mean for a piece of music to modulate

change keys

8

what is the name of schoenbergs system of pitch relationships

the twelve tone method

9

polytonality

using two keys simultaneously

10

texture

the number of things going on in a piece of music

11

what are the four types of texture in music

monophony, heterophony, homophony, and polyphony

12

monophony

music consisting of a single unaccompanied melodic line

13

what are the components of homophonic music

melody and harmony

14

polyphony

two or more melodies unfolding at the same time

15

what is the name of the technique used by western composers to produce polyphony

counterpoint

16

melodies in the counterpoint

melodies with the same beat and harmonic progression

17

instrumentation

the instrument or combination of instruments used in a piece

18

why is it difficult to determine the pitch of a church bell

bells produce very strong overtones

19

why does a clarinet produce a clear note with little ambiguity in pitch

only strong overtones reproduce the pitch being overplayed

20

instrument attributes determining its timbre

the material form which it is made and the amount of resonance

21

dynamics

the loudness and softness of a sound

22

pianissisimo

as softly as possible

23

fortississimo

as loudly as possible

24

crescendo

a gradual increase in dynamics

25

decrescendo or diminuendo

a gradual decrease in dynamics

26

mp

mezzopiano

27

ff

fortissimo

28

articulation

the mechanics of starting and ending a sound

29

staccato

short detached notes

30

what part of the mouth does a woodwind player use to create a staccato effect

his tongue

31

legato

notes that are played in a smooth connected manner

32

bouncing the bow or plucking the string(pizzicato)

violin techniques used to produce staccato

33

what is the difference between staccato and an accent

an accent has a more sudden beginning and does not require separation before the next note

34

ornamentation

localized embellishments, often unwritten

35

symbol for staccato

a dot placed under or over the note head

36

symbol for legato

a curved line connecting multiple note heads

37

tenuto

notes that are stressed without force

38

symbol for tenuto

a horizontal line under or over the note head

39

form

the organization of a piece of music on a larger scale

40

what two visual representations are used to express musical form

scores and diagrams

41

tension and release

complementary elements shape to a chord progression or melody

42

what method is the primary way to create tension in music

harmonic dissonance

43

motive

smalleest identifiable recurring musical idea

44

phrase

cohesive musical thought

45

antecedent and consequence phrases

the two members of a related pair of phrases

46

cadence

a resting point in a piece of music

47

a melody that moves primarily in intervals larger than a minor second

disjunct melody

48

the high, middle , and low parts of an instruments' range

register

49

what is the distinguishing feature of a melody with a high tessitura?

it calls for many notes in the high register of an instrument's range

50

the way music is organized in time

rhythm