music 51-100 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in music 51-100 Deck (50):
1

what is the interval between c and g ascending

perfect fifth

2

what is the interval between a and c ascending

minor third

3

what is the interval between f and b ascending

tritone

4

what is the interval between ^6 and ^7 in a major scale

whole step

5

What determines the number of beats per second created by two interfering sound waves?

the number of beats per second created by two interfering sound waves is equal to the difference in frequency between the two waves (f1 - f2 = bps).

6

what is the interval between ^2 and ^3 in a major scale

whole step

7

what are the 3 varieties of minor scale

natural, melodic and harmonic

8

hat scale degree is always lowered in a minor scale

^3

9

how does harmonic minor differ from natural minor

the seventh scale degree is raised in harmonic minor

10

relative major and minor

major and minor scales that use the same pitches, but different tonics

11

parallel major and minor

major and minor scales that contain the same pitches

12

andante

at a walking pace

13

which scale degrees can be lowered in a blues scale

^3 and ^5

14

melody

a series of successive pitches perceived but the ear ti firm a whole cohesive

15

how many pitches can occur simultaneously in a melody

1

16

what is the fastest tempo

presto

17

what is the slowest tempo

lento or grave

18

andante

at a walking pace

19

what other name is used to refer to a full cadence?

authentic cadence

20

on what harmony does half cadence rest?

the dominant

21

theme

a set of phrases making up a complete melody which figures prominently in a piece of music

22

how does the sequence differ from repitition?

in sequence, the repetition occurs at varying pitch levels

23

what symbols are used to label complete sections of MUSICAL FORM IN A DIAGRAM?

capital letters

24

what TWO contrasting elements must a listener be able to recognize in musical variation?

continuity and alteration

25

what symbol is used to denote a variation on a theme?

a "prime" mark added to the same capital letter used for the theme

26

what meter is generally used for a twelve-bar blues?

duple

27

What THREE harmonies appear in a standard twelve-bar blues?

I, IV, and V (tonic, predominant and dominant)

28

How is contrast used in ternary form?

There is a contrasting middle section between the similar first and last sections.

29

What kind of cadence is used to end each section of ternary form?

authentic cadence

30

What name is ternary form also known by?

ABA form

31

rondo form

a form made up of a multiple sections, one of which recurs

32

how does rondo form differ from ternary form?

rondo form is less structured than tenury form and allows for more and different sections

33

how long are the sections of a standard 32-bar form?

8 measures each

34

What diagram is typically used to represent a 32-bar form

AABA

35

fugue subject

a single theme developed using a counterpoint

36

countersubject

a companion theme to the fugue subject

37

imitation

the approximate repetition of a melodic idea a a different pitch level

38

what musical texture best describes a fugue?

polyphony

39

At either of what TWO intervals from an original subject does the second line of a fugue usually imitiate the subject?

a fifth higher, or a fourth lower

40

what THREE main sections make up the sonata form

exposition, development, and reacapitualition

41

how many major musical ideas are present in a sonatat?

2

42

To what key does the sonata form usually modulate for the second idea

the dominant

43

how does the exposition of a sonata form generally end?

a strong cadence in the dominant key

44

Which section form is the most harmonically unstable?

the development

45

how does the development of a sonata form generally end?

a half cadence in the dominant key

46

How does the reacapitulation differ from the exposition in the sonata form

the second msuical idea does not modulate to the dominant key in the recapitulation

47

movements

shorter, distinct pieces that make up a longer work

48

what pattern of tempos usually appears in four-movemet, but not three-movement, sonata cycles?

a dance-like "minuet and trio" movement

49

performance practice

a study of how music actually

50

In a sound wave, what is the difference between compression and rarefaction?

A sound wave moving through the air causes pressure changes. Compression refers to the space where air pressure is increased, while rarefaction is the area where air pressure is decreased. One cycle of compression and rarefaction creates a complete sound wave.