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Flashcards in Mythology Deck (99):
1

hero of The Iliad

Achilles

2

an extremely beautiful boy loved by Aphrodite, any handsome young man

Adonis

3

hero of the Aeneid

Aeneas

4

Trojan hero who fled after the fall of Troy to Carthage

Aeneas

5

____ fell in love with ______ in Carthage, but committed suicide when she realized that he could not stay with him forever

Dido, Aeneas

6

Said to have founded Rome (the other story is of Romulus and Remus)

Aeneas

7

she, his wife (along with her love) killed Agamemnon after he returned from the Trojan War

Clytemnestra

8

Helen of Troy's husband in Greece, brother to Agamemnon

Menelaus

9

daughter of King Oedipus, conflicted but buries her brother despite the King forbidding it, sentenced to death, play by Sophocles

Antigone

10

Mother of Eros and Aeneas

Aphrodite

11

He was worshiped at the Delphic Oracle, where a priestess gave forth his predictions

Apollo

12

Embarked on a quest for othe Golden Fleece (the wool of a flying ram)

Jason and the Argonauts

13

Hera sent this creature with 100 eyes to guard Io from Zeus because only some eyes would be closed to sleep at any one time, Hermes played music to put him to sleep and kill him

Argus

14

King Arthur's greatest champion, love affair with Queen Guinevere ends Arthur's kingdom

Sir Lancelot

15

Gave King Arthur Excalibur (in another version he pulled it from a stone), enchanted Merlin, and raised Lancelot after the death of his father

Lady of the Lake

16

this pure knight found the holy grail, could see it in all its spendor because of his purity and virtue, son of Sir Lancelot

Sir Galahad

17

other knight who found the holy grail, opera by Wagner

Sir Percival

18

knight of the round table, story in which he battles the Green Knight

Sir Gawain

19

Arthur's evil half-sister, sorceress

Morgan le Fay

20

this magician was an advisor to King Arthur and his father Uther Pendragon

Merlin

21

legend says he created Stonehenge as a sepulcher of Pendragon

Merlin

22

King Arthur and this nephew kill each other in battle

Mordred

23

island where they carried King Arthur to after his death (or he still lives there), ruled by Morgan le Fay

Avalon

24

goddess who helped the Greeks during the Trojan Water and later Odysseus in the Odyssey

Athena

25

stables that Hercules cleaned out by diverting two rivers to flow through the stables, during the Labors of Hercules

Augean stables (favor was for King Augeas)

26

Charles Perrault story, monster keeps his former wives behind a certain door and warns his new wife not to open it, 6 wives fail, but last passes the test

Bluebeard

27

prophetess in Troy during Trojan War, her predictions about the Greeks coming were true but never believed. Apollo gave her the gift of prophecy but made people not believe her after she refused his amorous advances.

Cassandra

28

3-headed dog who guards the entrance to Hades, Hercules had to dognap him

Cerberus

29

a concession or bribe

to give a sop to cerberus

30

Roman God for Demeter

Ceres

31

the boatman who carried souls of the dead across the River Styx into Hades, received a coin as payment

Charon

32

monster with the head of a lion, body of a goat, and tail of a dragon/serpent

chimera

33

Jason (of the Argonauts) was raised by this centaur, became the constellation Sagittarius

Chiron

34

sorceress who turned people into pigs, crew of Odysseus fell prey to her spells

Circe

35

ingenious inventor, designer of the labyrinth, and one of the few to escape from it after imprisoned there, father of Icarus (made his wings)

Daedalus

36

flattered the king too much so the king sat him under a sword suspended by a single hair

Damocles

37

Daughter of Agamemnon, helped her brother Orestes kill their Mother Clymnestra and her lover (for killing Agamememnon)

Electra

38

the place where souls of the good went after death, beautiful peaceful place with sunlight, fresh air, etc.

Elysian Fields

39

creature who is part man and part goat

satyr (roman name "faun")

40

discovered Florida while searing for the Fountain of Youth

Juan Ponce De Leon

41

Aesop fable where a ____gives up on grapes saying "those grapes are probably sour anyway"

"The Fox and the Grapes"

42

Primal mother figure, gave birth to the sky, the mountains, and the sea, mother of the titans, wife of Uranus

Gaea / Gaia

43

God of the sky, gave birth to the titans, husband of Gaea

Uranus

44

God of time, husband to Rhea, father to Zeus, ate his children to stay in power

Cronus

45

Mother of the gods, wife to Cronus, mother to Zeus

Rhea

46

patron saint of England (and Boy Scouts), slayed the dragon

Saint George

47

rode naked on horseback covered only by her long hair to get her husband Lord of Coventry to ease taxes

Lady Godiva

48

Alexander the Great cutthis knot with his sword to quickly solve a complex problem

Gordian knot

49

the cup used at the Last Supper, sought after by King Arthur and the knights of the round table

The Holy Grail

50

enormously strong black man who worked on railroads and died from exhaustion after he outperformed a steam drill in a contest

John Henry

51

12 seemingly impossible tasks given to Hercules such as cleaning the Augean stables and killing a 9-headed Hydra, done to atone for killing his 6 sons and to gain immortality

Labors of Hercules

52

wand of Hermes, traditional symbol of physicians

caduceus

53

Actual Native American Chief in the 16h century, husband to Minnehaha, urged peace with the European settlers, known in "The Song of ____" by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow

Hiawatha

54

He was sent by King Mark to get her from Ireland to Britain, they drank a potion on the way back nd fell in love, the King banished him, he died and she couldn't make it in time, then died herself beside his corpse

Tristan and Isolde (Iseult)

55

A Valkyrie, or woman servant of Odin, she loved the hero Siegfried after he saved her from a ring of fire, after she found out he deceived her, she had him killed and committed suicide

Brunhilde

56

Roman god of doors/gateways (hence beginnings), 2 faces looking in opposite directions, January named after him

Janus

57

queen of Sparta and mother of Helen of Troy, Zeus raped her as a Swan

Leda

58

Robin Hood's righthand man, among the Merry Men, large and tall (at least 7 ft)

Little John

59

location of the Loch Ness Monster ("Nessie")

Loch Ness, a lake in Scotland

60

sorceress who fell in love with Jason but after he left her took revenge by murdering his new bride as well as all of the children she had borne him

Medea

61

Roman god of sleep/dreams, "in the arms of _____" means asleep

Morpheus

62

9 goddesses who presided over science and the arts, provide source of inspiration for writers

Muses

63

beautiful youth who fell in love with his own reflection in a pool and wasted away and died, spurned Echo's love

Narcissus

64

this nymph pined after Narcissus, he ignored her for his own reflection in a pool

Echo

65

Norse ruler of the gods, god of wisdom, poetry, farming, and war, Wednesday is named after him (using a form of his name in another language)

Odin

66

Norse god of thunder, wields a hammer, Thursday is named after him, born in Asgard but banished to Earth by Odin

Thor

67

palace in Asgard, the Norse heaven, reserved for souls of those who died heroic deaths

Valhalla

68

Odin & Frigg live in and rule this realm, a section of which is Valhalla

Asgard

69

These maidens bring the souls of slain warriors to Valhalla

Valkryies

70

trickster Norse God, shapeshifter, competes with Thor to get the throne of Asgard, aids in the death of Baldr and is bound to a rock as punishment (causes earthquakes when he moves)

Loki

71

Norse counterparts of the Fates, female deities who determine the course of events, 3 sisters who each control the past, present, and future

Norns

72

great musician who could calm wildest animal or make stones rise up through music alone, married to Eurydice

Orpheus

73

charmed Cerberus with a lyre

Orpheus

74

went to the underworld to save his dead wife Eurydice, Hades agreed but only if he goes ahead of her on his way back up to Earth and doesn't look back, he does at the end, she vanishes forever

Orpheus

75

Orpheus' wife, failed attempt to save her left her in the underworld forever

Eurydice

76

Greek god of flocks, forests, meadows, and shepherds

Pan

77

she was given a box by Zeus and told not to open it, she did anyway, releasing all the world's evils, but shut it before Hope could escape

Pandora

78

location of the Delphic Oracle (also one of the places the Muses lived)

Mount Parnassus

79

Tamed Pegasus with the help of a bridle given to him by Athena, killed the chimera, fell off of Pegasus to his death

Bellerophon

80

Medusa was this type of creature (woman body with snakes for hair) that anyone looked at turned to stone, Medusa was the only 1 of the 3 that was mortal

Gorgon

81

the king of Troy, father of Hector, Paris, and Cassandra, killed during the Trojan War

Priam

82

Aeschylus wrote ___ Bound play, Percy Shelley wrote ____ Unbound poem

Prometheus

83

a sculptor who fell in love with a statue, Venus made statue come to life

Pygmalion

84

Meoamerican god (both Aztecs and Toltecs), symbol of death and resurrection, god of wind, usually represented as a plumed serpent (bird + snake)

Quetzalcoatl

85

Montezuma thought that Hernando Cortez was this god

Quetzalcoatl

86

Robin Hood's girlfriend

Maid Marian

87

Robin Hood's priest

Friar Tuck

88

Robin Hood's foe

Sheriff of Nottingham

89

Twin brothers raised by a she-wolf and founded Rome

Romulus and Remus (Romulus killed Remus)

90

story where dwarf promises a woman's first born child that she can't guess his name, she does, he goes crazy and destroys himself

Rumpelstiltskin

91

horrible 6-headed monster who lived on a rock, across the strait of Messina from Charybdis

Scylla

92

Whirlpool across the strait of Messina from Scylla

Charybdis

93

king who offended Zeus and was punished in Hades to force an enormous boulder to the top of a steep hill, everytime the boulder neared the top, it would roll back down, and he would have to start over

Sisyphus

94

winged monster with the head of a woman, body of a lion, guards the entrance to Thebes with the "4 legs, 2 legs, 3 legs" riddle, Oedipus passed and it killed itself

Sphinx (greek version, Egyptian version is a man's head and guards the pyramids)

95

hero of Switzerland, famous for his skill as an archer, a tyrannical offricial forced him to shoot an apple off his son's head, shot the Austrial governor Gessler

William Tell

96

killed the Minotaur in the labyrinth (with thread for Ariadne to get out), married the queen of the Amazons Hippolyta

Theseus

97

defeated the troll under the bridge

"The Three Billy Goats Gruff"

98

Greek and Roman god of the west wind, the most pleasant of the winds

Zephyr

99

___ swam the Hellespont to visit ___ guided by a lamp she lit, when he drowned one day, she killed herself

Leander, Hero